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Most Important Coordinating Conjunctions in Italian and More

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Without conjunctions, we would be talking like robots, putting together a sequence of detached sentences. You might not realize this, but conjunctions are a very important part of our language. They have the important job of coordinating and linking phrases.

So, let’s discover and practice the most commonly used conjunctions in Italian (including coordinating conjunctions in Italian), because these little bricks in your sentences will help you connect your Italian phrases and make your Italian conversation flow. And this is exactly what you’ll need to speak Italian like a pro! (See how I used conjunctions to link the last three sentences?) :)
As you can see, even the most simple Italian conjunctions can make a huge difference.

But before learning Italian conjunctions, let’s take a more detailed look at what a conjunction is.

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Table of Contents

  1. What is a Conjunction?
  2. Italian Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts
  3. Italian Conjunctions to Express Condition
  4. Italian Conjunctions to Express Cause
  5. Italian Conjunctions to Express Opposition
  6. Italian Conjunctions to Express Purpose
  7. Italian Conjunctions to Express Time
  8. Italian Conjunctions to Explain
  9. Italian Conjunctions to Express a Conclusion
  10. ItalianPod101: Your Guide to Italian Grammar & Culture


1. What is a Conjunction?

Sentence Patterns

Conjunctions serve as connectors to link together two or more sentences or groups of words. They are invariable, meaning that they don’t change—and this is good, because you won’t have to worry about the agreement of feminine, masculine, singular, or plural.

There are two types of Italian conjunctions:

  • Italian coordinating conjunctions, which put together two or more elements of the same importance
  • Italian subordinating conjunctions, which put together two or more elements establishing a dependence

For example, take Vado in pizzeria e poi al cinema (meaning “I go to a pizzeria and then to the movies,” when translated). In this sentence, e poi (and then) are two coordinating conjunctions.

But if I say, Vado in pizzeria perché ho fame (or “I go to the pizzeria because I am hungry,” when translated), this is a subordinative conjunction, because going to the pizzeria depends on the fact that I am hungry (in this case, it’s the cause).

Now, are you ready to learn Italian conjunctions? We thought so! Without further ado, here’s our Italian conjunctions list!


2. Italian Conjunctions to Correlate Similar Thoughts

Let’s start with some basic Italian conjunctions: those that correlate similar thoughts.

E: This is the very first conjunction you’ll learn when you start studying Italian. E means “and,” and it’s impossible to do without because you use it to link two or more words in a sentence:

“I eat bread and cheese.” (Mangio pane e formaggio.)

It can also link two sentences/verbs:

“I went to the movies and I saw a nice Italian film.” (Sono andato al cinema e ho visto un bel film italiano.)

Grilled Cheese Sandwich
Pane e formaggio. (“Bread and cheese.”): it also means two people that really get along!

Whenever you write in Italian, pay attention to the difference between e to connect parts of your phrases and the third person verb è (it is) that needs the accent. This is a very common mistake that many young Italian students make, and nonetheless it’s a red pen mistake! To help you remember, here’s a little filastrocca (nursery rhyme):

E senza accento lega,
È con accento spiega.

E with no accent binds,
È with an accent explains.”

Take a look at this Italian conjunctions chart to see how other common and useful correlative Italian conjunctions work:

Italian Conjunction English Equivalent
anche also Vado al cinema e viene anche Marco. “I go to the movies, and Marco will also go.”
inoltre besides Oggi non esco, inoltre piove. “I won’t go out today, besides it rains.”
nor Non so ballare cantare. “I can neither dance nor sing.”
o/oppure (synonyms) or Vuoi la torta o/oppure il gelato? “Do you want ice cream or cake?”
nemmeno
neanche
neppure
(synonyms)
not even Non esco nemmeno/neppure/neanche per un minuto. “I won’t go out, not even for a minute.”
nemmeno
neanche
neppure
(synonyms)
neither Non esci? Nemmeno/neanche/neppure io! “You don’t want to go out?
Neither do I!”


3. Italian Conjunctions to Express Condition

Se non piove, vado al mare. (If it doesn’t rain, I’ll go to the beach.)

This is a very common sentence structure that you’ll often need when you want to talk about a hypothetical situation. To do so, you’ll need to use another one of the most common Italian conjunctions, se (if), which is used to introduce a hypothetical sentence.

What does “hypothetical” mean? Simply that you’re stating a doubt, or a possibility (either realistic or impossible) that could occur. The difference between being realistic or not is actually very important in Italian, since what tenses you’ll use in your sentence depend on this.

Woman Thinking
Ipoteticamente, se fossi italiana userei sempre il congiuntivo! (Hypothetically, if I were Italian I would use the subjunctive all the time!)

Look at the example in the table to see the difference. Do you want to know more about Italian verbs and tenses?

Italian Hypothetical Phrase English Equivalent Situation What tenses?
Se non piove, vado al mare. If it doesn’t rain, I’ll go to the beach.” Very realistic possibility Present - Present
Se fossi un pesce vivrei nel mare. If I were a fish, I would live in the sea.” Highly improbable Past Subjunctive - Conditional


4. Italian Conjunctions to Express Cause

Oggi vado al mare perché c’è il sole (Today I go to the beach since it is sunny.)

Perché (since; because) is one of the most useful Italian conjunctions to know and use, because it explains the reason or the cause behind some action.

Other conjunctions to express cause are poiché, siccome, and visto che. They are synonyms of perché and also mean “since.” Notice how, unlike perché, they can be at the beginning of a sentence.

  • Poiché non mi chiami, vado da sola. (Since you didn’t call me, I’ll go by myself.)
  • Siccome piove, non vado al mare. (Since it’s raining, I won’t go to the beach.)
  • Visto che sei italiano, devi sapere fare la pizza! (Since you’re Italian, you must know how to make pizza!)

Man Sleeping Next to Pizza Boxes

Sono Italiano ma non so fare la pizza! La mangio solamente… (I’m Italian, but I can’t make pizza. I only eat it… )

Another difference is that perché is also used to ask a question: Perché non vai al mare? (Why don’t you go to the beach?).

So you see that while in English there are two separate words for it (why and because), depending on whether it’s a question or an answer/explanation, in Italian, they’re the same word: perché. And don’t forget to put the acute accent on the é at the end of perché!

Perché? Perché sì! (Why? Just because!)


5. Italian Conjunctions to Express Opposition

Sentence Patterns

These conjunctions in Italian are the perfect tool when you want to make an excuse for some action. So obviously, they’re very useful to help you politely decline an invitation, an opinion you don’t agree with, or a second helping of lasagna from your friend’s grandma…

The most common conjunctions to express opposition are ma or però (both mean “but” when translated):

  • Mi piacerebbe andare al mare, ma oggi devo studiare. (I would love to go to the beach, but today I have to study.)
  • Capisco il tuo punto di vista, però non sono d’accordo. (I understand your point of view, but I don’t agree.)
  • La lasagna è buonissima, ma sono proprio sazio! (The lasagna is fantastic, but I am really full!)


6. Italian Conjunctions to Express Purpose

Improve Listening Part 2

Affinché, così, and perché all mean “so that.”

Whenever you want to express the purpose of an action that you stated in the main sentence, use conjunctions such as per, affinché, cosí, or perché, which all mean “so that.” For most of these, you need to pay extra attention because they require the use of the congiuntivo (the subjunctive tense).

  • Ti chiamo perché tu capisca la situazione. (I’m calling you so that you understand the situation.)
  • Scrivo l’esercizio affinché tu possa correggerlo. (I’ll write down the exercise so that you can correct it.)
  • Lo spiego di nuovo cosí che voi comprendiate. (I’ll explain it again so that you’ll all understand.)

When the two sentences (main and subordinate) have the same subject, you can use the simpler conjunction per without the subjunctive. I bet you loved that…!

Ti chiamo (io) per spiegarti (io) la situazione. (I call you to explain the situation.)

If you want to know more about this type of sentence, check out this lesson on our website.


7. Italian Conjunctions to Express Time

Quando? and Per quanto tempo? mean “When?” and “For how long?” respectively. Whenever you need to answer those questions, you’ll be using conjunctions to express time.

Hourglass

Guardo la clessidra mentre il tempo passa (I watch the hourglass, while time goes by).

The most common of Italian conjunction words for this is definitely quando (when). And you must have heard the old and very famous Italian song ‘60 Quando, Quando, Quando by Tony Renis. Can you sing along?

  • Mentre (While)
    Non parlare mentre mangi. (Don’t talk while you eat.)
  • Quando (When)
    Esco sempre quando nevica. (I always go out when it’s snowing.)
  • Appena/Non appena (As soon as)
    Ti chiamo (non) appena ho finito. (I’ll call you as soon as I’m done.)
    Notice how appena/non appena have exactly the same meaning.
  • Prima di/che (Before)
    Bevo un bicchiere d’acqua prima di dormire. (I drink a glass of water before I go to sleep.)
    Ti voglio parlare prima che tu esca. (I want to talk to you before you leave.)
  • Dopo di/che (After)
    Esco solo dopo avere finito i compiti. (I only go out after I finish my homework.)
    Esco solo dopo che hai finito i compiti. (I only go out after you finish your homework.)


8. Italian Conjunctions to Explain

How many times have you said something in Italian and then realized your idea wasn’t clear enough? In that case, these conjunctions to explain will come in quite handy! The most common in Italian are cioè (that is) and infatti (in fact).

  • Mi piace l’entomologia, cioè lo studio degli insetti. “I like entomology, that is the study of insects.)
  • Ha nevicato tutta la notte, infatti stamattina fuori è tutto bianco! (It snowed all night, in fact this morning it was all white outside!)

Have you noticed how much young Italians say cioè (that is)? Since the 70s, it’s become very common in spoken Italian as a way to take time to think about what you want to say. This is similar to “well…” in English at the start of a sentence. Some younger kids use it all the time! In fact, Cioè has even become the name of a very famous Italian teen magazine!

Cioè… non ho capito la domanda. (Well… I didn’t get the question.)

You might have also noticed how often Italians answer a question with infatti (in fact). In this case, it’s not used to explain the previous sentence, but simply to answer a question. It’s a way to reinforce your (yes), as in “Yes, absolutely/That’s right!”

          - C’é un bel sole, non ho voglia di stare a casa!
          - Infatti!

          - “It’s nice and sunny, I don’t feel like staying home.”
          - “That’s right!”

Group of Friends

Cioè… Allora… Quindi… (That is… So…). You’ll hear these words a lot from young Italians!


9. Italian Conjunctions to Express a Conclusion

And finally, to conclude, what could be more appropriate than talking about conjunctions to express a conclusion? So here we go. The most common Italian conjunctions to express a conclusion are allora (then), quindi (so), and dunque (therefore).

  • Non vuoi andare al cinema, allora cosa vuoi fare? (You don’t want to go to the movies, then what do you want to do?)
  • Sono tornata a casa tardi, quindi mia madre si è preoccupata. (I came home late, so my mom got worried.)
  • Voglio imparare l’Italiano, dunque studio con ItalianPod101.com! (I want to learn Italian, therefore I study with ItalianPod101.com!)

Even though these conjunctions serve mainly to conclude a sentence, you’ll often hear Italians start their sentences with them. In this case, they have the same function as cioè… (that is). They merely earn you some time while you think of what you’re about to say.


10. ItalianPod101: Your Guide to Italian Grammar & Culture

You’ll have lots of fun playing with Italian conjunctions because they’re the glue that allows you to bring your Italian conversation and writing to the next level. In Italian grammar, conjunctions really are that essential! So, try and use these conjunctions as much as possible, and keep having fun with ItalianPod101.com.

Which of these conjunctions do you plan on putting to use soon? Are there any you’re struggling with? Let us know in the comments!

Until next time, keep practicing, because your hard work is going to pay off and you’ll be speaking Italian like a native before you know it!

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Italian Dates: Days of the Week in Italian and Much More

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Do you need to plan a date with an Italian friend? Or do you simply need to confirm the day of your next Italian lesson? Maybe you’re reading an important letter or document, but don’t know how to read dates in Italian. You’ll need to be able to talk about time and dates in Italian to communicate on a daily basis.

Days, weeks, months, years. They go so fast…but don’t worry! You’ll learn how to say the days of the week in Italian, the months of the year, and all the other tricks of the Italian calendar with this simple guide on how to talk about dates in Italian. You’ll be saying dates in Italian and making appointments before you know it!

Table of Contents

  1. How to Write and Read Dates in Italian
  2. How to Say the Years in Italian
  3. How to Say the Months in Italian
  4. How to Say the Days
  5. How to Say the Days of the Week
  6. What Would You Say to Fix the Date of an Appointment?
  7. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates
  8. Italian Dates You Should Know
  9. You Don’t Need to Study Einstein…
  10. Conclusion: How ItalianPod101 Can Help You Master Italian

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1. How to Write and Read Dates in Italian

Numbers

The first step is learning how to write dates in Italian.

Dates in Italian follow the same order that they do in all European countries: giorno-mese-anno (or “day-month-year” in English). In other words, you start with the day, then the month, and you put the year at the end. So, if you’re writing dates in Italian in a letter or filling out a form on February 18, dates in Italian format will look like this:

18/02/2019.

If, instead of writing, you need to know how to say dates in Italian, you read it by adding the article: Oggi è il 18 febbraio 2019 (duemila diciannove) which translates to “Today is the 18th of February, 2019.”

Knowing how to say months and dates in Italian comes in handy when you’re asked your date of birth. Do you know how to say that?

          Sono nato/a il 3 maggio del 1983.
          ”I was born May 3, 1983.”

Another way of saying it, of course, would be:

          Il mio compleanno è il 3 maggio.
          ”My birthday is May 3.”

Once your birthday comes around, be ready to receive Tanti auguri! from your friends (literally “Many wishes” in English) or Buon compleanno! (or “Happy birthday!” in English).

Old Women Celebrating

Tanti auguri, nonna! (Happy birthday, granma!)


2. How to Say the Years in Italian

The next important step in learning how to express dates in Italian is the years. Talking about the years in Italian can be a bit challenging as they’re very big numbers. These are the basics:

In Italian, you have to read the thousands first (1000 = mille), then the hundreds (900 = novecento) and finally tens and units (99 = novantanove).

Or, for a more recent date: duemila diciannove (2019). In this case, there are no hundreds, so we skip directly to the tens and units.

Do you want to know more (big and small) about numbers? Check out this comprehensive article!


3. How to Say the Months in Italian

Months

To help you out with your agenda and your birthday schedule, here’s a list of all Italian months. As you can see, the names of Italian months aren’t too different from the English ones.

I mesi in Italiano Months in English
gennaio January
febbraio February
marzo March
aprile April
maggio May
giugno June
luglio July
agosto August
settembre September
ottobre October
novembre November
dicembre December

Notice how the names of the months in Italian don’t need to be capitalized, unless they’re at the beginning of a sentence. As in:

  • Dicembre è un mese freddo, mentre agosto è un mese caldo.
    “December is a cold month, while August is a hot month.”

You might need to practice the pronunciation of some of the Italian months. Giugno (June) and luglio (July) are the two most difficult ones, as they contain two digraphs that you find only in Italian: gl and gn. You can practice those the next time you plan a summer trip to the Italian coastline, as those are the perfect months to enjoy the beaches!

Friends Burying Someone in Sand at the Beach

Una bella giornata di giugno al mare (A nice June day at the beach)

And if you’re writing down the months in Italian, don’t forget the doppie, meaning “double consonants,” in gennaio, febbraio, maggio, settembre, and ottobre (January, February, May, September, and October). (link to pronunciation)

Maybe it won’t be this year, but every four years something very special happens: we have an anno bisestile (or “a leap year” in English). This is when February has 29 days instead of 28.


4. How to Say the Days

Weekdays

In Italian, when we say the days of the month, we always use the cardinal number, preceded by the correct masculine, singular, definite article. For example:

  • Oggi è il 18 (diciotto) febbraio.
    “Today is February 18.”

The only exception is the first day of the month, when we can also use the ordinal number for “one.”

  • Il primo maggio è festa. or L’uno maggio è festa.
    “May first is a holiday.”

Notice how you can say either il primo giugno or il primo di giugno (both meaning “June 1″ in English).

All other dates of the month in Italian follow the general rule that they’re written and pronounced as cardinal numbers. So, here they go:

l’uno (il primo)           1
il due           2
il tre           3
il quattro           4
il cinque           5
il sei           6
il sette           7
l’otto           8
il nove           9
il dieci           10
l’undici           11
il dodici           12
il tredici           13
il quattordici           14
il quindici           15
il sedici           16
il diciassette           17
il diciotto           18
il diciannove           19
il venti           20
il ventuno           21
il ventidue           22
il ventitré           23
il ventiquattro           24
il venticinque           25
il ventisei           26
il ventisette           27
il ventotto           28
il ventinove           29
il trenta           30
il trentuno           31

If you’re not sure how many days are in a specific month, here’s a traditional Italian nursery rhyme that you can learn to help you memorize the days of every month.

Calendar with Flipping Pages

Trenta giorni ha novembre
con april, giugno e settembre.
Di ventotto ce n’è uno,
tutti gli altri ne han trentuno.

“Thirty days has November
With April, June, and September.
Twenty-eight there is just one,
All the others have thirty-one.”

Do you want to try it?


5. How to Say the Days of the Week

Now that you have a good idea of how to say the dates in Italian, you should know how to talk about the days of the week in Italian. Like the names of the months, these aren’t capitalized. Here’s a list of the days of the week in Italian:

lunedì           Monday
martedì           Tuesday
mercoledì           Wednesday
giovedì           Thursday
venerdì           Friday
sabato           Saturday
domenica           Sunday

Don’t forget the accent on the final ì of the first five days of the week. The ending - means “day” (from the Latin word for “day,” dies), and you can still find it in poetry or in certain words such as buondì or mezzodì, instead of buongiorno (good morning) or mezzogiorno (noon).

Monday through Friday are giorni lavorativi (or “weekdays” in English) because they’re the days of the week “when people go to work.” Remember that like all the other Italian words that end with an accent, they’re invariable, meaning that they don’t change in the plural. However, sabato and domenica, which are giorni feriali, meaning “weekends,” can have regular plurals (sabati, domeniche).

For example:

  • Tutti i sabati e tutte le domeniche dormo fino a tardi.
    “All Saturdays and Sundays I sleep late.”

The Moon

Lunedì è il giorno della luna. (Monday is the day of the moon.)

Like all romance languages, which are the languages derived from Latin, the names of the days of the week in Italian originate from the names of the planets, which in turn come from the names of the ancient gods. This was a system devised by the Greeks and then perfected by the Romans. The good news is that once you learn the days of the week in Italian, you’ll easily master the skies too:

Day of the Week           Planet/God           English equivalent
Lunedì           Luna           Moon
Martedì           Marte           Mars
Mercoledì           Mercurio           Mercury
Giovedì           Giove           Jupiter
Venerdì           Venere           Venus

Sabato (Saturday) and domenica (Sunday) have a different religious origin, as sabato comes from the Hebrew Sabbath—the day of rest—and domenica means “Day of the Lord.”


6. What Would You Say to Fix the Date of an Appointment?

Now that you’ve mastered how to say the dates, the days, the months, and the years in Italian, it’s time to make some plans! Nothing is more fun than meeting with new and old friends, and organizing a night out or a weekend away.

Conersation with Friends

Ci vediamo sabato per un caffè? (Shall we meet on Saturday for a coffee?)

Here are some simple phrases to start doing just that.

Cosa fai il primo marzo?  ”What are you doing on March first?”
Hai programmi per domenica? “Do you have plans for Sunday?”
Sei libero/a questo fine settimana? “Are you free this weekend?”
Ci vediamo il dodici alle tre. “Let’s meet on the 12th at three.”


7. Must-Know Phrases to Talk about Dates

If you’re traveling or are on vacation, it’s very easy to lose track of the time. So it’s important to know how to ask “What day is today?” in Italian. There are actually two different ways to tell today’s date:

Oggi è il 25.
Oggi ne abbiamo 25.

Both sentences mean “Today’s the 25th.”

If you want to ask “What day is today?” you can either ask Che giorno è oggi? or Quanti ne abbiamo oggi? But be aware that if you ask the first question, you might be answered: è martedì or è il 15 (meaning “It’s Tuesday,” or “It’s the 15th,” respectively). If you ask the second question, the answer will be more precise, and you’ll be told the exact day of the month: il 15 (meaning “It’s the 15th” in English).

And do you know what ne stands for in the sentence Quanti ne abbiamo? It substitutes “of/about + this, these, that, those,” and refers to the number of days that have passed in a month.

Other useful phrases to ask about dates in Italian are:

Quando/Che giorno inizia il corso? “When/What day does the course start?”
Quando/Che giorno finisce il corso? “When/What day does the course end?”
Di che giorno cade Pasqua? “What day is Easter?”
(Literally: “In what day does Easter fall?” translated)

And if you want to know about somebody’s birthday, there are three different ways of asking “When is your birthday?”:

Quand’è il tuo compleanno?
Quando fai il compleanno?
Quando compi gli anni?


8. Italian Dates You Should Know

A Christmas Tree

Natale (Christmas)

The most important (and best) Italian holidays are usually the ones related to family and food. So you don’t want to miss the opportunity to experience this next time you travel to Italy. To help you schedule your next trip, here are the dates you should always keep in mind:

  • Quest’anno Pasqua cade il 15 aprile.
    “This year, Easter is April 15th.”
  • Pasquetta, il lunedì dopo Pasqua, è un giorno di festa in Italia.
    “Pasquetta, the Monday after Easter, is a holiday in Italy.”
  • Il Venerdì Santo si mangiano pesce e verdure.
    “On Good Friday, you eat fish and vegetables.”
  • Carnevale è sempre 40 giorni prima di Pasqua.
    “Carnival is always 40 days before Easter.”
  • Natale è il 25 dicembre.
    “Christmas is on December 25th.”

And to underline the importance of family gatherings for Christmas, Italians have created this popular saying: Natale con i tuoi, Pasqua con chi vuoi. This means: “Christmas with your family, Easter with whoever you want.”

There are also many other local holidays that are celebrated only in specific cities or villages. Usually, these are holidays celebrating the patron saint that protects the city.


9. You Don’t Need to Study Einstein…

… to know that time is relative to your point of view and to a particular moment in time. Talking about time often has to do with something that happened before or that will happen after a specific time.

So, especially when you need to set up an appointment, make plans, or talk about things that happened in the past, you need to learn a few more words about time.

Check out this sequence:

-2 -1 0 +1 +2
l’altro ieri ieri oggi domani dopodomani
the day before yesterday yesterday today tomorrow the day after tomorrow

With these words, you’ll be able to express concepts up to two days before or after today.

But what if you want to go beyond that? In this case, you’ll have to use fa (ago) or fra/tra (in). By the way, notice how tra and fra are absolutely synonyms!

  • Tre giorni fa. “Three days ago.”
  • Fra tre giorni. “In three days.”

The same works for weeks, months, years, etc.

  • Sono tornata un mese fa. “I came back one month ago.”
  • Vado in Italia fra due settimane. “I travel to Italy in two weeks.”
  • Dove sarai tra 10 anni? “Where will you be in 10 years?”

Another relative term when we talk about time is la vigilia, which is, in general, the day that precedes an important event, such as a wedding, an important exam, a very big holiday, etc.

  • La vigilia di Natale è il giorno che precede il Natale.
    “Christmas Eve is the night before Christmas.”
  • Dormo sempre poco alla vigilia degli esami.
    “I always get little sleep the day before the exams.”
  • La sposa è scappata alla vigilia delle nozze.
    “The bride ran away the day before the wedding.”


10. Conclusion: How ItalianPod101 Can Help You Master Italian

Cosa fai oggi? (What is your plan today?)

If you plan to improve your Italian and to be able to travel, meet friends, and learn about an extraordinary country and culture, you’re in the right place. Keep improving and having fun with ItalianPod101!

We provide an array of learning tools for Italian learners at every level, from insightful blog posts like this one to free vocabulary lists so you can improve your language knowledge! For additional convenience, be sure to download our mobile apps to learn Italian anywhere, on your own time!

Learning a language isn’t easy, but your hard work and determination, combined with our constant support, ensures that you can master Italian before you know it!

Before you go, let’s practice. How are dates written in Italian? Write today’s date in the comments section. ;)
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Learn All the Terms for Family in Italian

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Family is a vital institution everywhere in the world, but particularly in Italy. It’s not a cliche: Italians love their family, A LOT. And even if things have changed over the last few decades and huge, extended families aren’t as common as before, Italians still feel a connection toward their family members that’s hard to find in other Western countries.

But then, who doesn’t love their mom and dad, their grannies or little children, and doesn’t feel the need to talk about them with friends? As stated before, Italian extended families are greatly valued in Italian society, so knowing how to talk about them is essential. That’s why we’ve written this guide on how to talk about family in Italian.

Here at ItalianPod101, you’ll learn the basic Italian for family members, read through some Italian family phrases for reference, and discover some very interesting Italian quotes for family. But first, a little information on the average Italian family unit and Italian family roles.

Table of Contents

  1. Italian Family Culture: What are Italian Families Like?
  2. Dictionary of Terms about Family in Italian
  3. Respect Terms vs. Endearment Terms in Italian
  4. Italian Quotes and Proverbs about Family
  5. ItalianPod101: Learn Italian in the Blink of an Eye with Our Great Tools

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1. Italian Family Culture: What are Italian Families Like?

Family Quotes

As mentioned above, Italian families have changed a lot in recent history. Until the Fifties, Italy had a largely agricultural economy, with extended, strongly patriarchal families working on lands that they often didn’t own. Then, the economic boom and industrial development happened, with millions of people quickly moving from the poor and undeveloped countryside to the rapidly growing cities. As a consequence, the nuclear family—living in an apartment and raising a small number of children—became the norm.

Nevertheless, uncles, aunts, and cousins are still very important in Italy, probably more so than in other European countries. Cousins are the best game buddies of almost every Italian child, while uncles and aunts are teachers, baby sitters, supports, and examples.

Italian Cousins

And what about grandparents? Well, they’re simply one of the key figures of every Italian. Since the country doesn’t have a strong enough network of kindergartens, little Italian children spend a lot of their time with their grandparents while their parents are at work.

Growing up with Italian family values certainly has some great pros. As for Italian family traditions, Sunday isn’t simply a day off, but a family meeting with tons of delicious food and loud chats. And there’s always a cousin living in some small Southern city with amazing beaches, who’s very happy to host you during summer holidays.

But there are also some cons. For example, the amoral familism studied by the political scientist Edward C. Banfield in 1955 still somehow survives. That’s to say that Italians often see the interest of their family as more important than the interest of society, even when it damages collective goods.

Many of the Italian family qualities have changed over time, especially since the Italian society is now multicultural. Moreover, a growing number of young people leave the country to look for better opportunities abroad. As a consequence, families are becoming more and more the product of different cultures and experiences.

But enough with history and social sciences. Now that you know a little more about the meaning of family in Italy, let’s dive into our guide of terms about family in Italian!


2. Dictionary of Terms about Family in Italian

Italian Family

Do you want to know how to say “father” in Italian? And what about “mother,” “grandmother,” “aunt,” and all the other Italian family members term that every good family guy must know? Check out our dictionary.

But before that, let’s learn how to say “family” and “my family” in Italian, the root of every family-based conversation.

The Italian word for “family” is famiglia, which is similar in many other European languages. That’s because this word comes from the latin familia, which has an even more ancient origin: faama, meaning “house” in the Oscan language. Fascinating, isn’t it?

So, let’s see some examples of use:

  • Example: La mia famiglia è originaria dell’Italia Centrale.
  • Translation: “My family comes from Central Italy.”
  • Example: Ieri sono andata a trovare la famiglia di Marco.
  • Translation: “Yesterday I went to visit Marco’s family.”
  • Example: Ho una famiglia molto numerosa.
  • Translation: “I have a very big family.”

1- Italian Terms for Parents

  • Madre: “Mother”
    • Example: Mia madre è medico e lavora all’ospedale.
    • Translation: “My mother is a doctor and she works at the hospital.”
  • Padre: “Father”
    • Example: Il padre di Andrea è molto simpatico.
    • Translation: “Andrea’s father is very nice.”

Mother in Italian

2- Italian Terms for One’s Children

  • Figlio: “Son”
    • Example: Giovanna ha un figlio di tre anni.
    • Translation: “Giovanna has a three-year-old son.”
  • Figlia: “Daughter”
    • Example: Mia figlia va molto bene a scuola.
    • Translation: “My daughter is very good at school.”

3- Italian Terms for Siblings

  • Fratello: “Brother”
    • Example: Io e mio fratello non andiamo d’accordo.
    • Translation: “My brother and I don’t get along.”
  • Sorella: “Sister”
    • Example: Mia sorella si è trasferita a Londra per studiare.
    • Translation: “My sister has moved to London to study.”

4- Italian Terms for Grandparents

  • Nonno: “Grandfather”
    • Example: Mio nonno è stato importantissimo per me.
    • Translation: “My grandfather was very important to me.”
  • Nonna: “Grandmother”
    • Example: Questo piatto è una ricetta che mi ha insegnato mia nonna.
    • Translation: “This dish is a recipe my grandmother taught me.”

Italian Grandmother

5- Italian Terms for Grandchildren, Nephews, and Nieces

  • Nipote: “Grandchild” (m. and f.), “nephew,” and “niece”
    • Example: Mia nipote adora la pallavolo.
    • Translation: “My granddaughter loves volleyball.”
    • Example: Hai già conosciuto mio nipote, Matteo?
    • Translation: “Have you already met my grandson, Matteo?”
    • Example: Quanti anni ha tua nipote, la figlia di tuo fratello?
    • Translation: “How old is your niece, the daughter of your brother?”

6- Italian Terms for Aunts and Uncles

  • Zio: “Uncle”
    • Example: Lo zio di Marta vive negli Stati Uniti.
    • Translation: “Marta’s uncle lives in the United States.”
  • Zia: “Aunt”
    • Example: La zia di Luca è molto giovane: ha solo 30 anni.
    • Translation: “Luca’s aunt is very young, she’s only 30 years old.”

7- Italian Terms for Cousins

  • Cugino: “Cousin” (male)
    • Example: Hai chiamato tuo cugino?
    • Translation: “Did you call your cousin?”
  • Cugina: “Cousin” (female)
    • Example: Ieri ho incontrato tua cugina al concerto.
    • Translation: “Yesterday I saw your cousin at the concert.”

Italian Terms for Family

8- Italian Terms for Family Members as a Married Person

  • Marito: “Husband”
    • Example: Il marito di Lucia è appassionato di trekking.
    • Translation: “Lucia’s husband is a trekking enthusiast.”
  • Moglie: “Wife”
    • Example: No, mia moglie non è in casa.
    • Translation: “No, my wife isn’t at home.”
  • Suocero: “Father-in-law”
    • Example: Mio suocero era un pittore e poeta.
    • Translation: “My father-in-law was a painter and a poet.”
  • Suocera: “Mother-in-law”
    • Example: Mia suocera purtroppo è morta prima che mio figlio nascesse.
    • Translation: “Unfortunately, my mother-in-law died before my son was born.”
  • Genero: “Son-in-law”
    • Example: L’uomo vestito di blu è il genero di GIuliano.
    • Translation: “The man dressed in blue is Giuliano’s son-in-law.”
  • Nuora: “Daughter-in-law”
    • Example: Io e mia nuora siamo molto legate.
    • Translation: “My daughter-in-law and I are very close.”
  • Cognato: “Brother-in-law”
    • Example: Io e mio cognato siamo amici d’infanzia.
    • Translation: “My brother-in-law and I are childhood friends.”
  • Cognata: “Sister-in-law”
    • Example: Andavo a scuola con tua cognata, alle elementari.
    • Translation: “I went to school with your sister-in-law, at primary school.”


3. Respect Terms vs. Endearment Terms in Italian

Phrases Parents Say

The terms for family in Italian are both common terms and respectful terms. Unlike in other languages, Japanese for example, Italian doesn’t have specific respectful expressions when talking about a third party.

When addressing someone older than you whom you’re not familiar with, or in a formal relationship, you’re expected to use the third person lei formula. But in a family, you don’t usually do this; you simply address everyone with the second person tu. Although, if you’re about to meet your parents-in-law and they’re old, it can be polite to start with lei. Afterwards, they’ll most certainly ask you to switch to the more familiar tu.

And what about endearment terms? You’re expected to only use them in a family context, and they are:

  • Papà: “Dad”
  • Babbo: “Dad “in Central Italy
  • Mamma: “Mom”
  • Nonnina: “Granny”
  • Nonnino: “Grandpa”


4. Italian Quotes and Proverbs about Famil

There are so many Italian quotes about family and local proverbs, that it’s really hard to choose which ones to include. We’ve collected a few of the most famous Italian family quotes for you below:

  • Mogli e buoi dei paesi tuoi.
    “When you choose a wife or a cow, it’s better to go to your own village.”
  • Il frutto non cade mai lontano dall’albero.
    “A fruit always falls next to its tree.”
    Note: This phrase means that a bad person always comes from a bad family or environment.
  • Parenti serpenti.
    “Relatives are like snakes.”
    Note: This phrase means that relatives are dangerous and traitors.
  • Tale padre, tale figlio.
    “Like father, like son.”


5. ItalianPod101: Learn Italian in the Blink of an Eye with Our Great Tools

Are you eager to start talking to your Italian family like you’d grown up with them? Then we can help you. Here at ItalianPod101, we’ve created a series of amazing tools to help you learn Italian in a heartbeat, while having fun! For example, our super-efficient apps, that allow you to learn everywhere you are and anytime you want. And if you’re in doubt, you can always count on the advice of our friendly community.

Start now! But before you head off, let us know in the comments if there are any family terms you still want to know! We look forward to hearing from you. :)
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The Essential Italian Phrases for Travel

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Traveling is wonderful. You get to know new places and ways of life, meet different people, and relax—far from your usual routine. Regular contact with a new language is another huge plus. And when you travel, you can learn that language in the most fun and interesting way.

Nevertheless, you should still know a few important phrases before jumping on a plane and heading for a new country. If that country is Italy, there’s even more reason to learn some phrases in advance; we’ll explain why in a bit.

Ready to learn Italian travel phrases, and other Italian phrases about travel?

Welcome to ItalianPod101’s guide to Italian phrases for travel!

Table of Contents

  1. Why it’s Important to Know a Few Phrases when Traveling
  2. Do Italians Speak English?
  3. The Essential Italian Phrases for Travel
  4. How ItalianPod101 Can Help You Get Ready for Your Travel to Italy

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1. Why it’s Important to Know a Few Phrases when Traveling

Preparing for Travel

Before we go over our list of common Italian travel phrases, do you know why they’re important to learn in the first place?

There are at least three reasons why you should learn some bits of a language before your trip:

  • Because you’ll start knowing the country that you’ll soon be visiting. Language is a key element in culture, and it’s a window to look into its habits and traditions.
  • Because you’ll be able to talk to everyone in the most direct way. People tend to appreciate tourists that speak a bit of their language—and you might end up with some new friends!
  • Because you might need these phrases in case of an emergency. English is a widely spoken language in most of the world, but this doesn’t mean that everyone knows it. In fact, it’s estimated that there are about 1.5-billion English-speakers in the world. This is a lot, but it’s still only twenty percent of the world’s population.


2. Do Italians Speak English?

Airplane Phrases

According to the English Proficiency Index, Italy ranks twenty-fourth out of thirty-two European countries for English-speaking skills. This is worse than any other Western European country except France (which still is a nice victory over its cousins beyond the Alps). It’s also the worst of most of the old Eastern Bloc.

Why? Mainly because Italy is an old country. The average age is very high and people over sixty-five years old rarely speak English. Most young people today speak at least some basic English, but when visiting Italy, you’ll notice that the population, in general, is older than in other countries. Italians also have a higher retirement age, meaning that they keep on working longer, so you’re more likely to be in contact with them.

So yes, it’s a nice idea to learn some key Italian phrases to be able to communicate a bit.

Knowing just a few simple Italian travel phrases will make your life—and the lives of the many Italians that you’ll meet—better. Furthermore, Italian is the language of love, and we at ItalianPod101 strongly believe that everybody should know at least some Italian travel words and phrases.


3. The Essential Italian Phrases for Travel

Survival Phrases

We’ve created an easy-to-use collection of the most useful Italian phrases for tourists on their Italy travels. Enjoy!

1- Useful Italian Travel Phrases for Good Manners

We’ll start off with some phrases to help you practice good manners in Italy. Here’s an essential list of greetings and other useful expressions for your Italy travels. You can also hear Italian travel phrases with pronunciation by visiting our relevant vocabulary lists, where you can find an audio alongside these useful phrases.

  • Ciao
    • “Hello.”
  • Buongiorno
    • “Good morning,” or “Good day.” This phrase is actually used until about four o’clock p.m.
  • Buonasera
    • “Good evening.”
  • Buonanotte
    • “Good night.”
    • “Yes.”
  • No
    • “No.”
  • Grazie
    • “Thank you.”
  • Per favore
    • “Please.”
  • Scusa
    • “Excuse me.” This can also mean, “Forgive me,” when said to a young person or a friend.
  • Scusi
    • This means the same thing, but when said to an older person or in a formal occasion.
  • Come va?
    • “How are you?”
  • Bene, grazie
    • “Fine, thanks.”
  • Non parlo italiano
    • “I don’t speak Italian.”
  • Bello
    • “Beautiful,” or “Great.” You’ll notice that Italians say this a lot.

2- Essential Italian Travel Phrases for Transportation

Some of the most useful travel phrases in Italian have to do with getting from A to B. Moving around in Italy, especially in Rome or Naples, can be a bit complicated. Buses aren’t always the most reliable means of transportation, and metros don’t cover the entire city.

But don’t worry, you have our collection of basic Italian phrases for travel to help you get around Italy anyway!

  • Dov’è la fermata dell’autobus?
    • “Where is the bus stop?”
  • Dov’è la stazione della metropolitana?
    • “Where is the metro station?”
  • Quante fermate per il Colosseo?
    • “How many stops to the Colosseum?”
  • Dritto
    • “Straight.”
  • A destra
    • “To the right.”
  • A sinistra
    • “To the left.”
  • Quando passa l’autobus?
    • “When does the bus come?”
  • A che ora parte il treno?
    • “What time does the train leave?”
  • Quanto costa il biglietto?
    • “How much is the ticket?”
  • Quanto costa la corsa in taxi fino all’aeroporto?
    • “How much is the taxi ride to the airport?”

Italian

3- Italian Phrases for Accomodation

In the vast majority of hotels and other accommodation structures, you’ll find an English-speaking staff. But things might be different if you stay at a small B&B or if you rent a home in someone’s apartment, especially far from the most popular tourist destinations.

In that case, you can find a host that speaks very poor English or doesn’t speak it at all.

If that does happen to you, here are some key Italian travel phrases to know:

  • Avete una camera libera per stanotte?
    • “Do you have a free room for tonight?”
  • Quanto costa la camera?
    • “How much is the room?”
  • A che ora è il check-in/check-out?
    • “What time is the check-in/check-out?”
  • A che ora servite la colazione?
    • “What time do you serve breakfast?”
  • Posso pagare con carta di credito?
    • “Can I pay with credit card?”
  • Vorrei una camera con due letti singoli/con un letto matrimoniale.
    • “I’d like a room with two single beds/one double bed.”

4- Italian Phrases for Visiting

Yes, most staff in museums and tourist sites speak English. But still, isn’t it more charming to speak Italian while walking down the Uffizi Gallery or Pompei’s roads? Check out these basic Italian words for tourists visiting this country’s many beauties:

  • Avete una guida in inglese?
    • “Do you have a guide in English?”
  • Quanto dura la visita?
    • “How long does the visit take?”
  • Amo l’arte italiana.
    • “I love the Italian art.”
  • Chi è l’autore di questo dipinto?
    • “Who’s the author of this painting?”
  • Di che epoca è questo sito?
    • “What time period is this site from?”
  • In quale secolo è stata costruita questa chiesa?
    • “In what century was this church built?”

5- Italian Phrases for Shopping

Basic Questions

Shopping in Italy is something you can’t miss. Fashion, art, handicrafts, antiques, food, wine…there are so many unique products you can only buy here. Here are the most useful Italian phrases for travel and shopping:

  • Quanto costa?
    • “How much is it?”
  • Costa…:
    • “It costs….”
  • Posso avere uno sconto?
    • “Can I have a discount?”
  • A che ora aprite?
    • “What time do you open?”
  • A che ora chiudete?
    • “What time do you close?”
  • Apriamo/chiudiamo alle…:
    • “We open/close at…”
  • Vorrei restituire questo.
    • “I’d like to return this.”
  • Può fare un pacchetto regalo, per favore?
    • “Can you gift wrap it, please?”
  • Siete aperti di domenica?
    • “Are you open on Sundays?”
  • Avete questa camicia in una taglia più grande/più piccola?
    • “Do you have this shirt in a bigger/smaller size?”

6- Italian Phrases for Emergencies

Nobody wants to experience an emergency, especially when far from home. It’s better to be prepared, but we want to reassure you: Italy is a safe country. Petty crime is common in crowded places, like in every other country in the world, but violent crime is rare.

Things have changed a lot over the last few decades, and crime statistics show a constant decrease. Moreover, the country has one of the best public healthcare systems in the world, even if hospitals in the South tend to be worse than in the North. Policemen always speak at least a little English at the tourist locations, as do most doctors across the country.

Still, if you have a condition or severe allergies, it’s always wise to learn their name in the native language before going abroad.

Check out these Italian phrases for tourists experiencing an emergency:

  • Aiuto!
    • “Help!”
  • Chiamate la polizia.
    • “Call the police.”
  • Chiamate un’ambulanza.
    • “Call an ambulance.”
  • Mi hanno derubato.
    • “I’ve been robbed.”
  • Mi hanno rubato il portafoglio / il cellulare / la borsa.
    • “They stole my wallet / cellphone / bag.”
  • Devo andare all’ambasciata di [your country].
    • “I have to go to the embassy of [your country].”
  • Dove ha male?
    • “Where does it hurt?”
  • Ho male al petto / alla pancia / alla schiena.
    • “My chest / my stomach / my back hurts.”
  • Prende delle medicine ogni giorno?
    • “Do you take some daily medication?”
  • Sì, prendo…
    • “Yes, I take…”
  • Ha delle allergie?
    • “Do you have any allergies?”
  • Sì, sono allergico a [allergen name].
    • “Yes, I’m allergic to…”
  • Non trovo mio figlio.
    • “I can’t find my son.”
  • Mi sono perso.
    • “I got lost.”
  • C’è un medico che parla inglese?
    • “Is there a doctor who speaks English?”

Italian

7- Italian Phrases for the Restaurant

And now the best part of every travel to Italy: Food!

Here are some basic Italian phrases for travel to help you enjoy the local food experience to its fullest without language barriers:

  • È buonissimo!
    • “It’s really good!”
  • Vorrei prenotare un tavolo per quattro per stasera, per favore.
    • “I’d like to reserve a table for four for tonight, please.”
  • Vorremmo ordinare, per favore.
    • “We’d like to order, please.”
  • Avete dei piatti vegetariani?
    • “Do you have any vegetarian dishes?”
  • Vorrei del vino locale.
    • “I’d like some local wine.”
  • Può portare il sale / l’olio / il parmigiano, per favore?
    • “Could you bring the salt / oil / parmesan, please?”
  • Complimenti al cuoco!
    • “Compliments to the chef!”
  • Può portare il conto, per favore?
    • “Can I have the check, please?”


How ItalianPod101 Can Help You Get Ready for Your Travel to Italy

What did you think of our list of best Italian travel phrases? We hope that with our guide, you’re well-equipped with basic Italian travel phrases to help you on your travels in Italy!

Do you still want more Italian phrases for travel? Check out our articles and guides about this topic and get ready for your Italian adventure!

With ItalianPod101, you’ll be able to learn Italian the fastest and most entertaining way. Prepare for your trip by learning some Italian vocabulary, culture, body language, and much more. Use our apps to improve your Italian anywhere you are and whenever you want. And if you have any doubts or want to share your progress and opinions, there’s our amazing forum, full of other students like you!

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Your Guide to Italian Numbers

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Numbers are one of the first things we learn when we’re kids. They seem really simple, right? But while numbers are written the same way in every (Western) language, they’re not only pronounced differently, but also used differently from country to country.

Buying groceries, telling your age, giving your phone number, or letting someone know your home address in Italy. To do any of these basic actions, you’ll need to master Italian numbers. Numbers are everywhere, so you better start practicing them. Don’t forget to check out ItalianPod101.com for a complete lesson on how to master Italian numbers to learn Italian more completely. You can also find complementary info for the numbers in Italian courses.

In the meantime, here’s our numbers in Italian lesson! Learn how to say numbers in Italian and more!

Table of Contents

  1. Italian Basic Numbers: 0-9
  2. Italian Numbers 10-99
  3. Italian Numbers 100-999
  4. Very Big Italian Numbers. From 1000, Up and Beyond…
  5. How to Give Your Phone Number in Italian
  6. Shopping - Saying Prices
  7. Telling Your Age
  8. Talking About the Years
  9. Numbers in Proverbs
  10. Math Operations
  11. Conclusion

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1. Italian Basic Numbers: 0-9

Italian Numbers

Let’s start easy. How do you say and pronounce Italian numbers from zero to nine? Here we’ll show you the basic Italian numbers with English translations.

0 - Zero: “Zero”

The spelling “zero” in Italian is the same as in English, but the sound is quite different because the Italian “Z” has a harder sound, more like the sound ds or ts.

Besides its very important use in math operations, the zero is extremely useful for Italian phone numbers, and we’ll see that in a bit.

It’s also useful in some particular expressions, such as Sei uno zero. Watch out, because this isn’t a very nice thing to say to somebody as it literally means “You are a zero,” meaning that the person is nothing, null, or worthless. There’s even a numeric way to say sei uno zero, can you guess how? (You’ll find the answer at the end of the article.)

Note that this is also the name of an Italian comedy radio program.

1 - Uno: “One”

The peculiarity about uno (“one”) is that it’s also an indefinite article, and as such it’s necessary to follow the agreement F/M and change it into un, uno, una when necessary. The rest of the numbers are just straightforward:

2- Due “Two”
3- Tre “Three”
4- Quattro “Four”
5- Cinque “Five”
6- Sei “Six”
7- Sette “Seven”
8- Otto “Eight”
9- Nove “Nine”

Counting in Italian is Facile (Easy)!


2. Italian Numbers 10-99

The Italian numbers from 10 to 19 can be a little tricky to remember because, in order to compose the number, you need to follow two different patterns. Let’s see how these Italian numbers in writing look.

From 10 to 16 the pattern is number + dici, as follows:

11- Undici (uno+dici) “Eleven”
12- Dodici (due+dici) “Twelve”
13- Tredici (tre+dici) “Thirteen”
14- Quattordici (quattro+dici) “Fourteen”
15- Quindici (cinque+dici) “Fifteen”
16- Sedici (sei+dici) “Sixteen”

From 17 to 19 the pattern inverts, and it’s dici + number, as follows:

17- Diciassette (dici+sette) “Seventeen”
18- Diciotto (dici+otto) “Eighteen”
19- Diciannove (dici+nove) “Nineteen”

But there’s no need to worry, because from 20 on, it becomes much simpler. You just put the numbers together with the tens. No spaces and no hyphens.

2- Venti “Twenty”
3- Trenta “Thirty”
4- Quaranta “Forty”
5- Cinquanta “Fifty”
6- Sessanta “Sixty”
7- Settanta “Seventy”
8- Ottanta “Eighty”
9- Novanta “Ninety”

So, for example, for the Italian number 64, we write sessantaquattro (“sixty-four”), 99 is novantanove (“ninety-nine”), etc.

There are just two small rules to keep in mind: 1.) Drop the last vowel in the tens when pairing it with uno (“one”) and otto (“eight”). For example, quarantuno (“forty-one”) and quarantotto (“forty-eight”); 2.) Put an acute accent on the last syllable when pairing any tens with tre (“three”). For example, quarantatré (“forty-three”).

Note that from 40 on, there’s a pattern and the tens always end in -anta. For this reason, when talking about age, it’s common in Italy to say that somebody has “entered, passed, or is in the -anta,” meaning that they’ve passed 40 years of age and have entered the years of maturity. ;)
Oggi entro negli -anta. “Today I am forty.”


3. Italian Numbers 100-999

And finally, we get to 100, cento (“one-hundred”). Note how “one-hundred” is just cento, without the need of un in front. While starting from 200, you just put the number before, and leave cento unvaried. For example:

200- duecento “two-hundred”
300- trecento “three-hundred”
423- trecentoventitrè “three-hundred twenty-three”
518- cinquecentodiciotto “five-hundred and eighteen”

And so on…

Perhaps the most widely known Italian number is 500, because of the legendary car Cinquecento (“Five hundred”). Everybody knows the little rounded car made by FIAT in the ‘60s… But do you actually know why it’s called 500? Two reasons: It had around 500cc of engine capacity and it cost just around 500.000 lire (that is, the Italian currency before the Euro).


4. Very Big Italian Numbers. From 1000, Up and Beyond…

Similar to cento (“one-hundred”) is the behavior of 1000. In Italian, you don’t need to add “one” in front of it. It’s simply mille (“one-thousand”). But note how from 2000 upward, mille becomes mila. This is how it works:

1000- mille “one-thousand”
2000- duemila “two-thousand”
3000- tremila “three-thousand”
4006- quattromila e sei “four-thousand and six”
50.000- cinquanta mila “fifty-thousand”
200.000- duecento mila “two-hundred thousand”

And finally you have the very big numbers:
1.000.000- un milione “one-million”
2.000.000 due milioni “two-millions”
1.000.000.000 un miliardo “one-billion”
3.000.000.000 tre miliardi “three-billions”

And so on…

By now it should be fairly easy to know how to say and write Italian numbers, but there are still a few little differences from English.

For example, while in English for 1100 or 1200 you can say “eleven-hundred” and “twelve-hundred” respectively, in Italian there’s no equivalent for it. Instead, you can only say millecento (“one-thousand one-hundred”) and mille e duecento (“one-thousand and two-hundred”).

Another difference is how Italians say tens, hundreds, and thousands. Here are these Italian numbers in English and Italian.

  • Decine “Tens”
  • Centinaia “Hundreds”
  • Migliaia “Thousands”

C’erano centinaia di persone al Colosseo. “There were hundreds of people at the Colosseum.”


5. How to Give Your Phone Number in Italian

Now that you know the basics of Italian numbers, you can talk to Italians and dive into a few activities that require the use of numbers. For example, exchanging phone numbers. You know, without our phones we are nobody! So you want to be able to give your phone number to Italians and to understand other people’s numbers.

Italians Exchanging Phone Numbers.

If you’re in Italy, you need to learn about prefisso. This could either be the “area code” or the “international dialing code.”

  • Il prefisso dell’Inghilterra è +44. “UK dialing code is +44.”
  • Qual è il prefisso di Roma? 06. “What is Rome’s area code? 06.”

Note that only for landlines you need to put the city area code in front of it. And this area code always starts with 0. If you’re calling a mobile phone anywhere in Italy, you don’t need the area code.


6. Shopping - Saying Prices

One of the pleasures of traveling is that of going shopping to buy souvenirs or food. And if you’re in Italy, you can’t miss the experience of walking around a mercatino, a “little market.” In these neighborhood markets, you find delicious fruits, vegetables, cheeses, and much more! They usually appear once a week, early in the morning, and you should ask around about when and where the mercatino near you is.

And now, are you ready to shop? Here are a few useful phrases:

  • Quanto costa? Quant’è? “What’s the price? How much is it?”
  • Le fragole costano due euro e dieci. “Strawberries cost two euros and ten.”
  • Costa/è/viene… these are all synonyms to say “it costs/it’s…”

If saying the numbers in Italian seems complicated, think about how it was before the Euro substituted the Italian Lira. Prices now are much easier to say because they’re not as large as before. Just imagine that a single coffee used to cost around mille lire (“one thousand lira”)! Can you imagine how much a pizza would cost in Lire? And what about a Ferrari?

Al mercato (“At the market”)


7. Telling Your Age

In Italian, to say your age, you say that you have a certain number of years. So, for example:

Ho 24 anni, literally means that you “have 24 years” and not “I’m 24 years old.” To talk about relative age instead, you say that you have more/less years than someone else. Ho due anni più/meno di te literally means “I have two years more/less than you,” meaning that “you are two years younger/older.”


8. Talking About the Years

During a conversation with Italians, you’ll often have to talk about the years. The year we’re on, the year you or somebody else was born, or the year when some specific event occurred. In Italy, you’ll often find yourself involved in a conversation about history and art. So, learning how to talk about the years will be very handy.

Let’s start with the millennium and the year we’re in.

  • Siamo nel 2018 “We’re in 2018.” Remember that in Italian you pronounce it duemilae diciotto.
  • Era il 2001/Era il duemila e uno. “It was 2001.”

When you want to talk about a decade of the last century in general, you would say gli anni settanta, and you write it this way: gli anni ‘60 (“the sixties”).

  • Amo la musica anni ‘80. “I love eighties music.”
  • Sono nata negli anni ‘60 . “I was born in the sixties.”

Or, if you want to talk about a specific year, let’s say 1984, you can shorten it and just say ‘84, l’ottantaquattro.

  • Ci siamo conosciuti nell’ottantaquattro. “We first met in ‘84.”
  • Il ‘96 è stata un’ottima annata per il vino. “‘96 was a very good year for wine.”

And if you want to go back in time, even more, you’ll need to know how to talk about centuries. For this, you need to review ordinal and Roman numbers as this is used to count centuries. (Italian numbers in letters? Yup!)

Roman Numerals On a Watch

Ordinal Roman Alternative
il ventunesimo secolo XXI “Twenty-first century” 2001-2100
Il ventesimo secolo XX Il Novecento “Twentieth century” 1901-2000
Il diciannovesimo secolo XIX l’Ottocento “Nineteenth century” 1801-1900
Il diciottesimo secolo XVIII Il Settecento “Eighteenth century” 1701-1800
Il diciassettesimo secolo XVII Il Seicento “Seventeenth century” 1601-1700
Il sedicesimo secolo XVI Il Cinquecento “Sixteenth century” 1501-1600
etc…


9. Numbers in Proverbs

Numbers are everywhere in our daily lives and it’s no wonder that they also have a big space in Italian proverbs and common sayings. Here are some of the most common and meaningful:

Sayings with Numbers Literal Meaning Real Meaning
Non c’è due senza tre “There’s no two without three” Good or bad things always come in threes
Dare i numeri “Giving numbers” Being crazy or confused
Costa 4 soldi “It costs 4 coins” Being really cheap
Sparare a zero “Shoot to zero” Insulting or badmouthing somebody
Sudare sette camicie “Sweat seven shirts” To make a tremendous effort


10. Math Operations

And last but definitely not least, you’ll need to practice how to talk about simple math operations in Italian.

+ più 2 più 2 uguale 4 “2 plus 2 equals 4”
- meno 5 meno 2 fa 3 “5 minus 2 equals 3”
x per 3 per 2 uguale 6 “3 times 2 is 6”
: diviso 6 diviso 3 uguale 2 “6 divided by 3 equals 2”

When you’re writing numbers in Italian, there are some other little differences, particularly relative to periods and commas. Italian numbers use the period with thousands and the comma for decimals. For example:

  • 1.000 mille “one-thousand” (in English you would write 1,000)
  • 1,5 uno virgola cinque “one dot five” (in English you would write 1.5)

And now, as promised… here’s the answer on how to say sei uno zero in numbers: 610 (sei [6] uno [1] zero [0]). Clever, right?


11. Conclusion

Have you enjoyed discovering all about Italian numbers? I’m sure that you’re now ready to tackle phone numbers, addresses, prices, and numbers up to a miliardo (”billion”). Hopefully you’ve also learned a little bit about numbers in Italian grammar.

But if you want to keep having fun learning Italian, don’t miss out on all the material available on ItalianPod101.com.

This includes helpful, relevant, and free vocabulary lists, as well as our MyTeacher program, which allows you to have one-on-one guidance as you delve into the Italian language and culture.

You deserve to have the best Italian-learning experience, and ItalianPod101.com has your back!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Count to One Billion in Italian

How To Post In Perfect Italian on Social Media

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You’re learning to speak Italian, and it’s going well. Your confidence is growing! So much so that you feel ready to share your experiences on social media—in Italian.

At Learn Italian, we make this easy for you to get it right the first time. Post like a boss with these phrases and guidelines, and get to practice your Italian in the process.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Italian

1. Talking about Your Restaurant Visit in Italian

Eating out is fun, and often an experience you’d like to share. Take a pic, and start a conversation on social media in Italian. Your friend will be amazed by your language skills…and perhaps your taste in restaurants!

Matteo eats at a restaurant with his friends, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

POST

Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

Ottimo cibo e ottima compagnia!
“Great food and great company!”

1- Ottimo cibo

First is an expression meaning “Great food.”
This expression means that the food is extremely good. Italian adjectives change according to the noun they’re referring to. In this sentence, it takes the singular masculine form.

2- e ottima compagnia

Then comes the phrase - “and great company.”
And here you can see the feminine singular form of the adjective meaning “great.”

COMMENTS

In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

1- Buon appetito!

His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Enjoy your meal!”
This is a commonly-used, well known comment, good for any post involving eating.

2- Wow, che ristorante è?

His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Wow, which restaurant is that?”
Asking a question is a very good way to keep conversation going.

3- Salutami i tuoi amici.

His girlfriend, Giulia, uses an expression meaning - “Say hi to your friends for me.”
A friendly, warm comment!

4- Non spendere troppo!

His girlfriend’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t spend too much!”
Francesco is obviously the worripot or realist in the family. A friendly admonition to not overspend.

VOCABULARY

Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ottimo: “great, excellent, very good”
  • appetito: “appetite”
  • ristorante: “restaurant”
  • amici: “friends”
  • spendere: “to spend”
  • troppo: “too much”
  • So, let’s practice a bit. If a friend posted something about having dinner with friends, which phrase would you use?

    Now go visit an Italian restaurant, and wow the staff with your language skills!

    2. Post about Your Mall Visit in Italian

    Another super topic for social media is shopping—everybody does it, most everybody loves it, and your friends on social media are probably curious about your shopping sprees! Share these Italian phrases in posts when you visit a mall.

    Giulia shop with her sister at the mall, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    In giro per negozi con mia sorella.
    “Around the shops with my sister.”

    1- In giro per negozi

    First is an expression meaning “Around the shops.”
    In Italian social media, it’s pretty common to omit verbs, as long as the meaning is clear. In this expression, for example, you could say both “walking around the shops,” or just “around the shops.”

    2- con mia sorella

    Then comes the phrase - “with my sister.”
    Remember that Italian possessives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. “Sister” is feminine and singular. Therefore, the possessive will also have to be feminine and singular.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Adoro lo shopping.

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “I love shopping!”
    This is a friendly, optimistic opinion to share.

    2- Fateci vedere cosa comprate!

    Her friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Show us what you bought!”
    Alice is curious and wants more information about the shopping spree. A request like this is another excellent way to keep a thread going.

    3- Buoni acquisti!

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Happy shopping!”
    Laura wants to be part of the conversation and does this by wishing the shoppers well.

    4- Siete bellissime, ragazze.

    Her boyfriend’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “You’re beautiful, Girls.”
    Davide is appreciative of the girls’ looks and pays them a compliment with his comment. Wonder if Matteo is a jealous kind of boyfriend…?!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • negozio: “shop”
  • shopping: “shopping”
  • comprare: “to buy”
  • acquisto: “purchase”
  • bellissimo: “beautiful”
  • So, if a friend posted something about going shopping, which phrase would you use?

    3. Talking about a Sport Day in Italian

    Sports events, whether you’re the spectator or the sports person, offer fantastic opportunity for great social media posts. Learn some handy phrases and vocabulary to start a sport-on-the-beach conversation in Italian.

    Matteo plays with his friends at the beach, posts an image of the game, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Solo una partitina a beach volley con gli amici.
    “Just a round of beach volleyball with my friends.”

    1- Solo una partitina

    First is an expression meaning “Just a round.”
    This is an informal expression meaning “match, round, game.” The Italian word used for “match” here is a modified noun. The suffix tells you that it’s something small, so you could translate it literally as “little game.” Modified nouns are very common in social media.

    2- a beach volley con gli amici

    Then comes the phrase - “of beach volleyball with my friends.”
    In Italian, some sports keep the English names, but sometimes they are shortened. So it’s “beach volley” instead of “beach volleyball. “Another example is basketball, which in Italian is “basket.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Anch’io vorrei essere in spiaggia.

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “I’d like to be at the beach too.”
    Use this friendly comment if you wish you were part of the fun.

    2- Che bella squadra!

    His girlfriends’ neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “What a great team!”
    Laura compliments the team.

    3- Proprio come ai vecchi tempi.

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “Just like (in) the old times.”
    Roberto reminisces about days gone by with this nostalgic post.

    4- Che fortuna!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Lucky you!”
    Alice is also yearning to be on the beach and part of the fun, rather.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • partitina: “round”
  • spiaggia: “beach”
  • squadra: “team”
  • proprio: “really, actually”
  • tempo: “time, weather, tense”
  • fortuna: “luck”
  • Which phrase would you use if a friend posted something about sports?

    But sport is not the only thing you can play! Play some music, and share it on social media.

    4. Share a Song on Social Media in Italian

    Music is the language of the soul, they say. So, don’t hold back—share what touches your soul with your friends!

    Giulia shares a song she just heard at a party, posts an image of the artist, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Vi piace questa canzone?
    “Do you like this song?”

    1- Vi piace

    First is an expression meaning “Do you like.”
    This phrase literally means “it’s pleasing to you.” In Italian, the verb meaning “to like” is always in the third person (either singular or plural), as the subject is the object, not the person who likes it. You can use this phrase anytime you want to address a similar question to your friends.

    2- questa canzone?

    Then comes the phrase - “this song?.”
    Notice how the tone of voice raises when you ask a question in Italian. The order of the words doesn’t usually change.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Chi la canta?

    Her boyfriend, Matteo, uses an expression meaning - “Who sings it?”
    Mateo requests some more info - a good way to keep a conversation going.

    2- È molto orecchiabile.

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “It’s very catchy.”
    Sara shares an appreciative opinion about the song.

    3- Mi piace il ritmo.

    Her boyfriend’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “I like the rhythm.”
    Davide does the same as Sara, which is to share a positive opinion. Both are showing that they actually listened to the song. Showing real interest in friends’ posts on social media is a great way to connect!

    4- Mm, non è il mio genere.

    Her nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Mmh, it’s not my style.”
    But not everyone will like your taste in music. That’s no problem, and Francesco should be commended for his honesty. His comment is respectful, even if it’s negative, so that’s OK.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • canzone: “song”
  • cantare: “to sing, chant”
  • orecchiabile: “catchy”
  • ritmo: “rhythm”
  • genere: “style”
  • piacere: “to like”
  • Which song would you share? And what would you say to a friend who posted something about sharing music or videos?

    Now you know how to start a conversation about a song or a video on social media!

    5. Italian Social Media Comments about a Concert

    Still on the theme of music—visiting live concerts and shows just have to be shared with your friends. Here are some handy phrases and vocab to wow your followers in Italian!

    Matteo goes to a concert, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Ce l’ho fatta! Sono al concerto dei Negramaro!
    “I did it! I’m at Negramaro’s concert!”

    1- Ce l’ho fatta!

    First is an expression meaning: “I did it!”
    This is what you say when you have achieved something good.

    2- Sono al concerto dei Negramaro.

    Then comes the phrase - “I’m at Negramaro’s concert..”
    To express possessives in Italian, you have to combine the preposition “of” and the correct definite article. This is an example of the masculine plural article.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Che invidia!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “I’m so jealous!”
    Alice is showing his appreciation for what Matteo is doing and clearly wishes he was joining in the fun.

    2- Come hai fatto ad avere i biglietti?

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “How did you manage to get the tickets?”
    Francesco is expressing amazement here, which could be construed in more than one way. Is he being negative and sarcastic here because he’s jealous, or positively amazed because the tickets are difficult to come by?

    3- Divertiti alla grande!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Have a blast!”
    Davide is happy for his friend and wishes him well.

    4- Grande, uno dei miei gruppi preferiti!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Cool, one of my favorite groups!”
    Sara shares a personal opinion that adds positively to the conversation.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • concerto: “concert”
  • invidia: “envy”
  • biglietto: “ticket, note, card, banknote”
  • divertirsi: “to have fun, enjoy oneself”
  • gruppo: “group, band”
  • preferito: “favorite”
  • If a friend posted something about a concert , which phrase would you use?

    6. Talking about an Unfortunate Accident in Italian

    Oh dear. You broke something by accident. Use these Italian phrases to start a thread on social media. Or maybe just to let your friends know why you are not contacting them!

    Giulia accidentally breaks her mobile phone, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Tragedia! Ho rotto il cellulare!
    “Disaster! I broke my (mobile) phone!”

    1- Tragedia!

    First is an expression meaning “Tragedy!.”
    You can use this expression to comment on an unfortunate event. Although it literally means “tragedy,” it’s often used in a humorous or melodramatic way.

    2- Ho rotto il cellulare!

    Then comes the phrase - “I broke my mobile phone!.”
    In this sentence the word for mobile phone literally translated means “cellular.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Com’è successo?

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “How did it happen?”
    Laura could be expressing warmhearted concern and asks for more details.

    2- Sono cose che capitano.

    Her highschool friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “These things happen.”
    Sara takes a stoic stance on her friend’s misfortune, and plays the event down with this comment.

    3- La solita sbadata!

    Her nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Careless as usual!”
    Francesco sounds like a stern, pernickety old grandmother! Unless he has a fun relationship with Giulia and they tease each other this way.

    4- Se vuoi ti do il mio vecchio cellulare.

    Her boyfriend’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “If you want, I’ll give you my old phone.”
    What a generous guy! This type of comment is sure to get you many Likes on social media.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • cellulare: “cellphone, mobile phone”
  • succedere: “to happen”
  • cosa: “thing”
  • sbadato: “careless”
  • solito: “usual, common”
  • vecchio: “old”
  • If a friend posted something about having broken something by accident, which phrase would you use?

    So, now you know how to describe an accident in Italian. Well done!

    7. Chat about Your Boredom on Social Media in Italian

    Sometimes, we’re just bored with how life goes. And to alleviate the boredom, we write about it on social media. Add some excitement to your posts by addressing your friends and followers in Italian!

    Matteo gets bored at home, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Gente, mi annoio a morte.
    “Guys, I’m bored to death.”

    1- Gente

    First is an expression meaning “Guys.”
    On social media, you probably have both female and male friends. Using this expression, you can address both. This colloquial expression literally means “people, folks” but here it means “guys” or “everyone.”

    2- mi annoio a morte.

    Then comes the phrase - “I’m bored to death..”
    A more literal translation would be “I’m getting bored to death.” In Italian, the present is often used instead of the gerund to talk about things happening right now.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- In TV c’è un film fantastico, guardalo!

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “There’s a great movie on TV. Watch it!”
    Sara offers advice to alleviate Matteo’s boredom.

    2- Perché non esci?

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “Why don’t you go out?”
    Roberto does the same as Sara, by asking a question.

    3- Ti va di fare una passeggiata?

    His girlfriend’s neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Wanna go for a walk?”
    Laura is being a friend by offering to help alleviate Matteo’s boredom. Wonder what Giulia would say about this!

    4- Chattiamo!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Let’s chat!”
    Davide also offers to alleviate Matteo’s boredom.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • annoiarsi: “to get bored, (lit. “to bore oneself” )”
  • a morte: “to death”
  • film: “movie”
  • uscire: “to go out”
  • passeggiata: “walk, ride”
  • chattare: “to chat”
  • If a friend posted something about being bored, which phrase would you use?

    Still bored? Share another feeling and see if you can start a conversation!

    8. Exhausted? Share It on Social Media in Italian

    Sitting in public transport after work, feeling like chatting online? Well, converse in Italian about how you feel, and let your friends join in!

    Giulia feels exhausted after a long day at work, posts an image of herself looking tired, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Mamma mia, che stanchezza! Ho lavorato troppo!
    “My goodness, so tired! I worked too much!”

    1- Mamma mia, che stanchezza!

    First is an expression meaning “My goodness, so tired!.”
    In this sentence there is a very common expression. Literally, it means “my mom,” but you can use it to express wonder or exasperation.

    2- Ho lavorato troppo!

    Then comes the phrase - “I’ve worked too much!”
    The verb “to work” is conjugated in a past tense that is similar to the English “present perfect,” even though it is used much more extensively in Italian. For example, you can use it to talk about what happened today, yesterday, or even last year.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Vai a dormire!

    Her boyfriend’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Go to sleep!”
    Alice is probably teasing here, or he’s making a good suggestion - if it’s safe to sleep on public transport!

    2- Adesso cerca di riposarti.

    Her boyfriend’s supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “Now try to get some rest.”
    Roberto is making a suggestion.

    3- Poverina!

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Poor girl!”
    Laura is showing empathy with Guilia’s predicament.

    4- Buonanotte allora.

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Goodnight then.”
    Sara probably implies that Guilia will be going to sleep soon.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • Mamma mia!: “My goodness!”
  • stanchezza: “tiredness, weariness”
  • dormire: “to sleep”
  • riposarsi: “to get rested (lit. “to rest oneself” )”
  • poverino!: “poor you!”
  • buonanotte: “goodnight”
  • If a friend posted something about being exhausted, which phrase would you use?

    Now you know how to say you’re exhausted in Italian! Well done.

    9. Talking about an Injury in Italian

    So life happens, and you manage to hurt yourself during a soccer game. Very Tweet-worthy! Here’s how to do it in Italian.

    Matteo suffers a painful injury, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Mi sono fatto male al ginocchio giocando a calcio.
    “I hurt my knee playing football.”

    1- Mi sono fatto male al ginocchio

    First is an expression meaning “I hurt my knee.”
    Use this expression to say that you suffered an injury. You can substitute the word for “knee” with another noun to indicate some other part of the body.

    2- giocando a calcio

    Then comes the phrase - “playing football.”
    The gerund is used to explain how it happened, pretty much like in English.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Sei andato dal medico?

    His girlfriend’s neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Have you been to the doctor?”
    Laura shows concern for Matteo’s wellbeing, and keeps the conversation going with a question.

    2- È rotto?

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Is it broken?”
    Davide also wants more information - all ways to express concern.

    3- Immagino sia molto doloroso.

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “I suppose it’s very painful.”
    Roberto is making conversation, but this is also a way of showing concern.

    4- Fatti forza!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Hang in there!”
    Alice chooses to encourage his friend with this comment.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ginocchio: “knee”
  • medico: “doctor”
  • rotto: “broken”
  • immaginare: “to imagine”
  • doloroso: “painful”
  • Fatti forza!: “Hang in there!”
  • If a friend posted something about being injured, which phrase would you use?

    We love to share our fortunes and misfortunes; somehow that makes us feel connected to others.

    10. Starting a Conversation Feeling Disappointed in Italian

    Sometimes things don’t go the way we planned. Share your disappointment about this with your friends!

    Giulia feels disappointed about today’s weather, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Uffa, piove!
    “Ugh, it’s raining!”

    1- Uffa

    First is an expression meaning “Ugh.”
    This is a colloquial expression you can use when something doesn’t go the way you hoped, and you’re disappointed.

    2- piove

    Then comes the phrase - “it’s raining.”
    This is called an impersonal verb, and it doesn’t have a subject. The verb follows the third person singular. Lots of impersonal verbs are used to talk about weather conditions.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Già, che peccato.

    Her boyfriend’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Yeah, what a pity.”
    Alice seems to feel somewhat sorry for Giulia.

    2- Odio questo tempo.

    Her boyfriend’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “I hate this weather.”
    Davide feels very strong about this type of weather!

    3- Che sfortuna.

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Too bad.”
    Laura is making conversation with this short but slightly sympathetic comment.

    4- Speriamo che smetta.

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Let’s hope it stops.”
    Sara shares an optimistic wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • piovere: “to rain”
  • peccato: “too bad”
  • odiare: “to hate, to loathe, to detest”
  • tempo: “weather”
  • sfortuna: “bad luck”
  • smettere: “to stop”
  • How would you comment in Italian when a friend is disappointed?

    Not all posts need to be about a negative feeling, though!

    11. Talking about Your Relationship Status in Italian

    Don’t just change your relationship status in Settings, talk about it!

    Matteo changes his status to “In a relationship”, posts an image of himself and Giulia, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Vi presento la mia ragazza.
    “Introducing, my girlfriend.”

    1- Vi presento

    First is an expression meaning “Introducing.”
    In English, the pronoun “you” can be both singular and plural. In Italian, on the other hand, there are two different pronouns. In this expression, the meaning is “introducing to you (plural).”

    2- la mia ragazza

    Then comes the phrase - “my girlfriend.”
    In English, you can’t use the article before a possessive, but in Italian you usually have to. So here we have article + possessive + noun.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Che bella coppia!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “What a lovely couple!”
    A sweet comment from a good friend, Davide obviously feels good about this match.

    2- Era ora…

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “About time…”
    Francesco is either perpetually in a sour mood, or he’s using negative teasing to be playful with the couple.

    3- Io invece sono ancora single!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “I’m still single, though!”
    Alice is sorry about his own predicament.

    4- Siete carini insieme.

    His girlfriend’s neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “You’re cute together.”
    Laura is also appreciative of the match.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ragazza: “girlfriend”
  • coppia: “couple, pair”
  • ora: “time, hour”
  • single: “single”
  • carino: “cute”
  • insieme: “together”
  • What would you say in Italian when a friend changes their relationship status?

    Being in a good relationship with someone special is good news - don’t be shy to spread it!

    12. Post about Getting Married in Italian

    Wow, so things got serious, and you’re getting married. Congratulations! Or, your friend is getting married, so talk about this in Italian.

    Giulia is getting married to Matteo today, so she eaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Oggi è il gran giorno, mi sposo!
    “Today’s the big day. I’m getting married!”

    1- Oggi è il gran giorno

    First is an expression meaning “Today is the big day.”
    This is what you say when it’s an important occasion, such as your wedding day.

    2- mi sposo!

    Then comes the phrase - “I’m getting married!.”
    The verb “to get married” in Italian is reflexive, meaning that the subject carries out the action on itself. The short word in front of the verb is called a reflexive pronoun, and it changes based on the subject.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Congratulazioni!

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling optimistic.

    2- Evviva gli sposi!

    Her boyfriend’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Long live the newlyweds!”
    Alice is feeling optimistic and generous about this big event, and wishes the couple a long life together with this comment.

    3- Tantissimi auguri per il vostro matrimonio!

    Her supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “Best wishes on your wedding day!”
    An old-fashioned well wish that is still commonly in use.

    4- Sarai una sposa bellissima.

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “You’re going to be a beautiful bride.”
    Laura is warmhearted and complimentary towards Giulia with this comment.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • sposarsi: “to get married (lit. to marry oneself)”
  • Congratulazioni!: “Congratulations!”
  • evviva!: “Hooray!”
  • sposo: “groom”
  • matrimonio: “marriage, holy matrimony, wedding”
  • sposa: “bride”
  • How would you respond in Italian to a friend’s post about getting married?

    For the next topic, fast forward about a year into the future after the marriage…

    13. Announcing Big News in Italian

    Wow, huge stuff is happening in your life! Announce it in Italian.

    Matteo finds out he and his wife are going to have a baby, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Sto per diventare papà, fatemi gli auguri!
    “I’m going to be a dad, wish me luck!”

    1- Sto per diventare papà

    First is an expression meaning “I’m going to be a dad.”
    The verb construction in this phrase is used to express something that is about to happen, usually in the near future.

    2- fatemi gli auguri!

    Then comes the phrase - “wish me luck!.”
    This expression is commonly used before facing an important situation, such as a test or, as in this example, the arrival of a child.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Buona fortuna, preparati alle notti in bianco!

    His wife’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Good luck, get ready for all-nighters!”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling cynical.

    2- È una meravigliosa notizia, auguri.

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “That’s wonderful news, best wishes.”
    This is a positive reaction to the news, together with a short well-wish.

    3- Sono felicissima per voi!

    His neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “I’m so happy for you!”
    Laura shares her positive feelings about the newcomer with this comment.

    4- È un maschietto o una femminuccia?

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Is it a boy or a girl?”
    Alice is curious about the baby’s gender and asks a question - a good way to keep the conversation going.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • papà: “dad”
  • notte in bianco: “sleepless night”
  • notizia: “a piece of news, news”
  • felice: “happy, glad, joyful”
  • maschietto: “baby boy”
  • femminuccia: “baby girl”
  • Which phrase would you choose when a friend announces their pregnancy on social media?

    So, talking about a pregnancy will get you a lot of traction on social media. But wait till you see the responses to babies!

    14. Posting Italian Comments about Your Baby

    Your bundle of joy is here, and you cannot keep quiet about it! Share your thoughts in Italian.

    Giulia plays with her baby, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Guardate che sorriso. Amore di mamma!
    “Look at that smile. Sweetheart!”

    1- Guardate che sorriso.

    First is an expression meaning “Look at that smile..”
    The verb “look” here is in the second person plural of the imperative form. Literally this sentence is “Look what a smile.”

    2- Amore di mamma!

    Then comes the phrase - “Sweetheart!.”
    This expression literally means “mom’s love,” but the meaning is “sweetheart, sweetie.” You can change the word for “mom” with others, such as “dad,” “aunt,” or “grandma,” depending on your relationship with the child.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Ma che carina!

    Her boyfriend’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “She’s so cute!”
    This is a positive observation from Davide about the baby.

    2- È tale e quale a te!

    Her boyfriend’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “She’s your spitting image!”
    Alice sees similarities between Giulia and her baby, and shares that friendly opinion.

    3- Dalle un bacetto per me!

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Give her a peck for me!”
    Sara is feeling loving towards Giulia’s baby and obviously wants to kiss it.

    4- Davvero adorabile!

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Really adorable!”
    This is a warm-hearted, common compliment usually reserved for babies of all kinds!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • sorriso: “smile”
  • amore di mamma: “sweetheart”
  • tale e quale: “spitting image”
  • bacetto: “peck”
  • adorabile: “adorable”
  • davvero: “really, truly, indeed”
  • If your friend is a new mother or father, which phrase would you use on social media?

    Congratulations, you know the basics of chatting about a baby in Italian! But we’re not done with families yet…

    15. Italian Comments about a Family Reunion

    Family reunions - some you love, some you hate. Share about it on your feed.

    Matteo goes to a family gathering, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Pranzo della domenica dai miei.
    “Sunday lunch at my folks’ place.”

    1- Pranzo della domenica

    First is an expression meaning “Sunday lunch.”
    Many Italians visit their mothers on Sunday, and they have a big lunch, usually consisting of traditional, homemade dishes, with all the family.

    2- dai miei

    Then comes the phrase - “at my folks’ place.”
    This is a very common expression. It literally means “at mine’s.” Even though “folk’s place” is omitted, Italians understand that you’re referring to your parents.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- La cucina della mamma è sempre la migliore!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Mom’s cooking is always the best!”
    Alice shares a universal truth about most mother’s cooking skills.

    2- Wow, quanti siete!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Wow, so many of you!”
    Davide is making a friendly, personal observation to be part of the conversation.

    3- Auguro una buona domenica a tutti voi.

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “I wish you all a good Sunday.”
    Roberto is a bit more old-fashioned in the way he expresses himself, but this well-wish works just fine.

    4- È bello stare in famiglia.

    His neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “It’s nice to be with family.”
    Laura makes a general observation that is positive and warmhearted.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • pranzo: “lunch”
  • i miei: “my parents”
  • cucina: “kitchen, cooking, food, cuisine”
  • domenica: “Sunday”
  • famiglia: “family”
  • stare: “to be, to stand, to lie, to be located, to be situated”
  • Which phrase is your favorite to comment on a friend’s photo about a family reunion?

    16. Post about Your Travel Plans in Italian

    So, the family is going on holiday. Do you know to post and leave comments in Italian about being at the airport, waiting for a flight?

    Giulia waits at the airport for her flight, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    In partenza, ma il mio volo è in ritardo…
    “I’m leaving, but my flight is delayed…”

    1- In partenza

    First is an expression meaning “I’m leaving.”
    In English you need a verb, such as “leaving” or “departing,” but in Italian you can use the word for “departure,” which is a noun.

    2- ma il mio volo è in ritardo

    Then comes the phrase - “but my flight is delayed.”
    Delays in public transportation are not uncommon in Italy. The word “flight” can be changed, for example, with “bus” or “train.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Buon viaggio!

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Have a nice trip!”
    Using a very common expression, Sara wishes her friend well with the trip.

    2- Facci sapere quando arrivi.

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Let us know once you’ve arrived.”
    Laura is showing some concern here for Giulia’s travel plans.

    3- Tienici aggiornati!

    Her boyfriend’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Keep us updated!”
    Alice also wants to be reassured that all goes well, therefore he asks for an update.

    4- Ritardi…Sai che novità.

    Her nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Delays… That’s nothing new.”
    Francesco is being cynical again…

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • volo: “flight”
  • ritardo: “delay, lateness”
  • aggiornato: “updated”
  • viaggio: “trip”
  • aggiornato: “updated”
  • novità: “newness, something new”
  • Choose and memorize your best airport phrase in Italian!

    Hopefully the rest of the trip is better!

    17. Posting about an Interesting Find in Italian

    So maybe you’re strolling around at a local market during the holidays, and find something interesting. Here are some handy Italian phrases!

    Matteo finds an unusual item at a local market, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Guardate qua. Secondo voi cos’è?
    “Look at this. What do you think it is?”

    1- Guardate qua.

    First is an expression meaning “Look at this..”
    This literally means “look here.” It’s a more generic expression than “look at this,” since you don’t have to specify the number or gender of the thing you’re talking about.

    2- Secondo voi cos’è?

    Then comes the phrase - “What do you think it is?.”
    Use this phrase to ask for somebody’s opinion. In this example the person is “you” plural, but you can change that to “you” singular, or even “they.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Dove l’hai trovato?

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Where did you find it?”
    Davide wants more information, so he asks this question to keep Matteo engaged.

    2- È un reperto alieno, ovviamente!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “It’s an alien artifact, of course!”
    Alice is joking around a bit with his friend.

    3- Spero solo che non sia il mio regalo di compleanno.

    His wife’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “I just hope it’s not my birthday gift.”
    As said - either Francesco is as positive and pleasant as a wet rag, or this is his way of bantering with family.

    4- Potrebbe trattarsi di un oggetto antico.

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “It might be an antique.”
    Roberto is the only one who ventures a serious opinion about the nature of the item.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • guardare: “to look, to watch”
  • trovare: “to find”
  • reperto: “find, archeological find”
  • alieno: “alien”
  • regalo: “present, gift”
  • oggetto antico: “antique”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s interesting find?

    Perhaps you will even learn the identity of your find! Or perhaps you’re on holiday, and visiting interesting places…

    18. Post about a Sightseeing Trip in Italian

    Let your friends know what you’re up to in Italian, especially when visiting a remarkable place! Don’t forget the photo.

    Giulia visits a famous landmark, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Saluti da questa stupenda città d’arte!
    “Greetings from this wonderful city of art!”

    1- Saluti da

    First is an expression meaning “Greetings from.”
    Italians often use this expression on postcards and social media to say where they are.

    2- questa stupenda città d’arte!

    Then comes the phrase - “this wonderful city of art!.”
    The expression “city of art” refers to cities with lots of famous monuments and museums, such as Rome, Venice, Florence, and many others. Italians love to visit such cities on long weekends or in the summer.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Mandami una cartolina!

    Her husband’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Send me a postcard!”
    Davide seems happy for Giulia and wants to have a momento too.

    2- La prossima volta ci andiamo insieme!

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Next time, let’s go there together!”
    Sara expresses a wish to visit this place with her friend.

    3- Troppi turisti per i miei gusti.

    Her nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Too many tourists for my liking.”
    Yea, trust Francesco to criticize the place.

    4- Aspettiamo tante foto!

    Her husband’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “We expect lots of photos!”
    Alice wants to also experience this via photos.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • città d’arte: “city of art”
  • mandare: “to send”
  • cartolina: “postcard”
  • insieme: “together”
  • turista: “tourist”
  • foto: “photo, picture”
  • Which phrase would you prefer when a friend posts about a famous landmark?

    Share your special places with the world. Or simply post about your relaxing experiences.

    19. Post about Relaxing Somewhere in Italian

    So you’re doing nothing yet you enjoy that too? Tell your social media friends about it in Italian!

    Matteo relaxes at a beautiful place, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Sole, mare e un po’ di meritato relax.
    “Sun, sea, and some well-deserved relaxation.”

    1- Sole, mare

    First is an expression meaning “Sun, sea.”
    Thanks to the hot summers and amazing beaches, the seaside is the most popular destination among Italian people.

    2- e un po’ di meritato relax.

    Then comes the phrase - “and some well-deserved relaxation..”
    This phrase is used to express that you have been working hard and now you can spend some time just relaxing.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Insomma, sei in paradiso!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “In short, you’re in heaven!”
    Davide clearly thinks Matteo is in an enviable place.

    2- Metti la crema solare!

    Their neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Put on your sunscreen!”
    Laura is acting a bit like a mother.

    3- Scottature, meduse… Non ti invidio.

    His wife’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “Sunburns, jellyfish… I don’t envy you.”
    Francesco needs to be negative and different from all the others, it seems!

    4- Facciamo cambio?

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Wanna swap places?”
    Alice is clearly wishing he was sharing in the fun.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • sole: “sun”
  • mare: “sea”
  • relax: “relaxation”
  • paradiso: “paradise”
  • crema solare: “sunblock, sun cream”
  • scottatura: “sunburn”
  • medusa: “jellyfish”
  • invidiare: “to envy”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s feed?

    The break was great, but now it’s time to return home.

    20. What to Say in Italian When You’re Home Again

    And you’re back! What will you share with friends and followers?

    Giulia returns home after a vacation, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Eccomi qui, sono a casa!
    “Here I am, I’m home!”

    1- Eccomi qui

    First is an expression meaning “Here I am.”
    Say this whenever you arrive at a place where someone is waiting for you. For example, on a date, or on social media when you’ve been away for a while.

    2- sono a casa!

    Then comes the phrase - “I’m home!.”
    In Italian, you always have to use a preposition before “home”.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Bentornata!

    Their neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Welcome back!”
    A commonly-used, warmhearted comment.

    2- Ci sei mancata!

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “We missed you!”
    This is a friendly sentiment to share, showing friends that they are valuable.

    3- Usciamo per un caffè così mi racconti tutto!

    Her husband’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Let’s go out for a coffee so you can tell me everything!”
    Alice would love to hear firsthand from the family how their holiday went.

    4- Dov’è il mio souvenir?

    Her husband’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Where’s my souvenir?”
    Davide is making a fun, playful comment, probably hoping they did get him a souvenir!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • casa: “home, house, one’s place”
  • bentornato: “welcome back”
  • mancare: “to be lacking, missing”
  • caffè: “coffee, espresso”
  • uscire: “to go out”
  • raccontare: “to tell, recount”
  • tutto: “everything, all”
  • souvenir: “souvenir”
  • How would you welcome a friend back from a trip?

    What do you post on social media during a public commemoration day such as the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Italy?

    21. It’s Time to Celebrate in Italian

    It’s an historic day and you wish to post something about it on social media. What would you say?

    Matteo celebrates the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, posts an image of this event, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    A Ferragosto, niente di meglio di una grigliata in montagna!
    “On August 15th, (there’s) nothing better than a barbecue in the mountains!”

    1- A Ferragosto

    First is an expression meaning “On August 15th.”
    “Ferragosto” is an Italian holiday on the 15th of August celebrating the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. Most businesses are closed on this day.

    2- niente di meglio di una grigliata in montagna!

    Then comes the phrase - “nothing better than a barbecue in the mountains!.”
    Mid-August is when most people are on summer vacation. On this day, it’s traditional to go on a trip to the beach or to the mountains, and enjoy some food with family and friends.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Buon Ferragosto!

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “Happy 15th of August!”
    Roberto uses a common expression suitable for this day.

    2- Come fa a piacerti la montagna? Meglio il mare!

    His wife’s nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “How can you like the mountains? The sea is better!”
    Francesco is being his negative, critical self again, it seems!

    3- Salsicce! Gnam!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Sausages! Yum!”
    Alice is commenting on the food, and clearly likes what he sees.

    4- Puoi dirlo forte!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “That’s right!”
    Davide simply agrees with Matteo here, a suitable comment for this thread.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • grigliata: “barbeque”
  • montagna: “mountain”
  • ferragosto: “August 15th”
  • salsiccia: “sausage”
  • forte: “strong, powerful, loud, tough, heavy, severe”
  • gnam: “yum”
  • If a friend posted something about a holiday, which phrase would you use?

    Assumption of the Virgin Mary and other public commemoration days are not the only special ones to remember!

    22. Posting about a Birthday on Social Media in Italian

    Your friend or you are celebrating your birthday in an unexpected way. Be sure to share this on social media!

    Giulia goes to her birthday party, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Grazie a tutti per la meravigliosa festa!
    “Thank you all for the wonderful party!”

    1- Grazie a tutti

    First is an expression meaning “Thank you all.”
    When you want to express your gratitude to a group of people for something, use this expression.

    2- per la meravigliosa festa!

    Then comes the phrase - “for the wonderful party!.”
    The phrase that follows “for” is the thing you’re grateful for.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Buon compleanno!

    Her husband’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Happy birthday!”
    THe universal wish on a person’s birthday is suitable here.

    2- Ce l’hai fatta a spegnere tutte le candeline?

    Her husband’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Did you manage to blow out all the candles?”
    Alice is asking a playful question to remain part of the conversation.

    3- Giornata super!

    Her high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “Fabulous day!”
    This could be a wish or a comment on Giulia’s post.

    4- La torta era deliziosa.

    Her neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “The cake was delicious.”
    Laura was also there, obviously, and confirms Giulia’s post.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • festa: “feast, holiday, party”
  • compleanno: “birthday”
  • candelina: “candle”
  • super: “fabulous”
  • torta: “cake, tart, pie”
  • delizioso: “delightful, delicious”
  • If a friend posted something about birthday greetings, which phrase would you use?

    23. Talking about New Year on Social Media in Italian

    Impress your friend with your Italian New Year’s wishes this year. Learn the phrases easily!

    Matteo celebrates the New Year, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Buon anno a tutti!
    “Happy New Year, everyone!”

    1- Buon anno

    First is an expression meaning “Happy New Year.”
    This is the most common way to wish a happy New Year. In Italy, people say “happy New Year” even later on in January, when they meet someone again for the first time that year.

    2- a tutti

    Then comes the phrase - “everyone!.”
    On social media, use this expression to address wishes, such as “happy new year” or “merry christmas,” to everyone.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Felice anno nuovo!

    His neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Happy New Year!”
    This is the universal, commonly-used wish for New Year almost everywhere in the world. Suitable for this occasion too.

    2- Che il nuovo anno sia migliore di quello vecchio!

    His wife’s high school friend, Sara, uses an expression meaning - “May the new year be better than the last!”
    This is a sweet, optimistic wish that can be used anywhere with anyone on New Year.

    3- Cin cin!

    His friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Cheers!”
    Alice is short and sweet, saying thank you for Matteo’s wish.

    4- Hai già fatto i buoni propositi?

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “Have you already made any good resolutions?”
    Davide asks a question, perhaps to keep the conversation going.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • anno: “year”
  • felice: “happy, glad, joyful”
  • migliore: “better”
  • vecchio: “old”
  • cin cin: “cheers”
  • proposito: “resolution”
  • Which is your favorite phrase to post on social media during New Year?

    But before New Year’s Day comes another important day…

    24. What to Post on Christmas Day in Italian

    What will you say in Italian about Christmas?

    Giulia celebrates Christmas with her family, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Giulia’s post.

    Buon Natale a tutti, vi auguro di festeggiare con i vostri cari!
    “Merry Christmas, everyone, may you celebrate with your loved ones!”

    1- Buon Natale a tutti

    First is an expression meaning “Merry Christmas, everyone.”
    This is the traditional phrase to wish everyone a merry Christmas, both in person and on social media.

    2- vi auguro di festeggiare con i vostri cari!

    Then comes the phrase - “may you celebrate with your loved ones!.”
    In Italy, Christmas is the most important family holiday of the year. Christmas Eve, however, is a working day for many people. But businesses usually close early to allow people to enjoy Christmas Eve supper with their families, and they remain closed until the 26th, which is also a holiday.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Giulia’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Non vedo l’ora di aprire i regali!

    Her husband’s college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “I can’t wait to open my presents!”
    Frivolous Davide allows his inner child to be excited about the prospect of Christmas gifts.

    2- Auguro un sereno Natale a te e alla tua famiglia.

    Her supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “I wish a merry Christmas to you and your family.”
    A traditional Christmas wish, suitable for this time of year.

    3- Andateci piano col panettone!

    Her husband’s friend, Alice, uses an expression meaning - “Take it easy on the panettone!”
    Alice gives advice light-heartedly. Panettone is a traditional sweet bread loaf commonly enjoyed on this day in Italy.

    4- Odio le feste, svegliatemi quando sono finite…

    Her nephew, Francesco, uses an expression meaning - “I hate the holidays, wake me up when it’s all over…”
    Poor, pessimistic Francesco seems to be having a difficult time.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • Natale: “Christmas”
  • festeggiare: “to celebrate”
  • caro: “loved one”
  • panettone: “panettone (sweet bread)”
  • svegliare: “to wake up”
  • If a friend posted something about Christmas greetings, which phrase would you use?

    So, the festive season is over! Yet, there will always be other days, besides a birthday, to wish someone well.

    25. Post about Your Anniversary in Italian

    Some things deserve to be celebrated, like wedding anniversaries. Learn which Italian phrases are meaningful and best suited for this purpose!

    Matteo celebrates his wedding anniversary with his wife, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Matteo’s post.

    Un altro anno insieme. Grazie amore!
    “Another year together. Thank you, my love!”

    1- Un altro anno insieme.

    First is an expression meaning “Another year together..”
    In Italy, couples usually do something special for their anniversary. For example, they go out to dinner or on a romantic date, and they exchange presents.

    2- Grazie amore!

    Then comes the phrase - “Thank you, my love!.”
    The Italian word for “love” is masculine, but you can use it to refer to your partner, as well.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Matteo’s friends leave some comments.

    1- Buon anniversario, ti amo!

    His wife, Giulia, uses an expression meaning - “Happy anniversary, I love you!”
    The couple clearly likes to show their affection online. This is a traditional, sweet wish suitable for the occasion.

    2- Auguri ragazzi, vi auguro molti altri anni felici.

    His neighbor, Laura, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations guys, I wish you many other years of happiness.”
    Laura is being warmhearted and positive with this well-wish for the couple.

    3- Un brindisi per voi!

    His college friend, Davide, uses an expression meaning - “A toast to you!”
    Davide also makes a short but meaningful and positive comment, toasting the couple’s marriage. A toast traditionally both celebrates an occasion, and signifies good wishes.

    4- Vi auguro di essere sempre felici come il primo giorno.

    His supervisor, Roberto, uses an expression meaning - “May you always be as happy as the first day.”
    What a sweet, positive wish for any marriage!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • amore: “love”
  • anniversario: “anniversary”
  • augurare: “to wish, bid, hope”
  • amare: “to love”
  • brindisi: “toast”
  • giorno: “day”
  • If a friend posted something about Anniversary greetings, which phrase would you use?

    Conclusion

    Learning to speak a new language will always be easier once you know key phrases that everybody uses. These would include commonly used expressions for congratulations and best wishes, etc.

    Master these in fun ways with Learn Italian! We offer a variety of tools to individualize your learning experience, including using cell phone apps, audiobooks, iBooks and many more. Never wonder again what to say on social media!

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    Carnevale: How to Celebrate the Carnival Season in Italy

    In Italian, it is said that “anything goes during Carnival.”

    Some countries simply feast to their heart’s content during Carnival, the holiday just before the Lent period of fasting. Others participate in lots of dancing. Some countries hold to more religious celebrations.

    But in Italy, this is a time of Masquerades and rule-breaking—in addition to feasting and other merry activities.

    Let ItalianPod101.com show you all the unique facets of Italy’s Carnevale!

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    1. What is Italian Carnival?

    Many aspects of the the content and nature of the current Carnival—such as Saturnalia—can be easily traced back to their ancient Roman origins. As for the etymology of the word Carnival, it most likely derives from the Latin expression carne levare, which means “eliminate the meat.” This makes reference to the religious practice of abstaining from meat during the period of Lent.

    During the Carnival, Italy allows everyone to eat at will, and above all, break the rules, while wearing a mask (maschera). The Italy Carnival season is truly a unique feature of the country’s culture, and in this article you’ll learn how Carnival is celebrated in Italy.

    2. Italian Carnevale Date

    Single Mask

    The date of Carnival in Italy varies each year, as it depends on the date of Easter. For your convenience, here’s this holiday’s date for the next ten years:

    • 2019: March 4
    • 2020: February 24
    • 2021: February 15
    • 2022: January 31
    • 2023: February 20
    • 2024: February 12
    • 2025: March 3
    • 2026: February 16
    • 2027: February 8
    • 2028: February 28

    3. How is it Celebrated?

    Clown Float

    Today in Italy, this holiday is primarily a festival for children, but Carnival in Italy’s history
    was a festival especially for adults. The rule of the Carnival is that you have to break the rules and do everything that is normally prohibited during the year. This is where the custom of masquerade originates—so that those who break the rules cannot be recognized.

    The typical dishes of Carnival are sweets, one of the most popular being the chiacchiere made of sugar-coated fried pastry.

    In Italy, there are various mask traditions that began many centuries ago and are well-known all over the world today.

    Among the most famous is Harlequin, a mask from Bergamo, and Pulcinella, a typical mask of Naples. Both Harlequin and Punchinello represent clever servants, always ready to play a joke on their master. Both of these masked men are the symbols of the revenge of the servants on their masters.

    Even though the Carnival takes place in winter, there are many events that are held outdoors. Italians, both adults and children, are very fond of attending the parades of the allegorical wagons, which are huge papier-mâché wagons representing traditional masked men or famous public figures in an ironic manner.

    However, the Carnival of Venice may be the most famous of the Italy Carnevales, because of its particular beauty and the sophistication of its masked men, of which everyone has seen a picture at least once.

    4. Reading Practice: Oranges!

    Read the Italian text below to learn about another fascinating aspect of Carnevale in Italy (you can find the English translation directly below it).

    —–

    Sapete perche’ a Carnevale piu’ di duecentocinquantamila chili di arance vengono portati nella citta’ di Ivrea, in provincia di Torino?

    Perche’ tra i riti del Carnevale c’e’ anche la battaglia delle arance, durante la quale i partecipanti si tirano le arance addosso.

    —–
    Do you know why, during Carnival, more than 250 kilos of oranges are brought into the city of Ivrea, in the province of Turin?
    It’s because one of the rituals of the Carnival is the battle of the oranges, during which the participants throw oranges at each other.

    5. Must-know Vocab

    Harlequin Costume

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for Carnival Season in Italy!

    • Carnevale — “Carnival”
    • Maschera — “Mask”
    • Costume — “Costume”
    • Scherzo — “Joke”
    • Festa — “Celebration”
    • Mascherarsi — “Cloak”
    • Arlecchino — “Harlequin”
    • Chiacchiere — “Chiacchiere”
    • Carro allegorico — “Float”
    • Sfilata — “Parade”
    • Quaresima — “Lent”

    If you want to hear each word’s pronunciation, visit our Italian Carnival vocabulary list. Here you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio of its pronunciation.

    Conclusion

    What do you think about Carnevale (and Italy’s Carnival masks)? Do you celebrate Carnival in your own country, or a similar holiday? Let us know in the comments!

    To learn more about Italian culture and the language, visit us at ItalianPod101.com! We offer an array of insightful blog posts, free vocabulary lists, and an online community to discuss lessons with fellow Italian learners. You can also check out our MyTeacher program if you’re interested in a one-on-one learning experience with your own personal Italian teacher!

    We hope you enjoyed learning about Carnival season in Italy with us. Continue delving into Italy’s culture and practicing your language skills, and you’ll be speaking like a native in no time!

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    How to Start Thinking in Italian

    Learn 4 tools and techniques to stop translating in your head and start thinking in Italian

    Going through Italian lessons is enough to get by and learn the basics of Italian, but to truly become fluent you need to be able to think in Italian. This will allow you to have conversations with ease, read smoothly, and comprehensively understand natives. To do this, you need to go beyond just completing daily or weekly lessons.

    We naturally translate in our heads because it’s viewed as the easiest way to learn the definitions needed when learning a language. This way of learning can actually hinder your skills and fluency later on. If your brain has to make neural connections between the word you’re learning, what it means in your native tongue, and the physical object the connection will not be nearly as strong. When you bypass the original translation between Italian and your native language then there is a more basic and strong connection between just the Italian vocabulary word and the tangible object.

    start thinking in Italian

    In this blog post, you will learn the 4 important techniques to easily and naturally begin to speculate about the daily occurrences in your life. The best part is all of these techniques are supported and can be achieved through ItalianPod101.com.

    Create Your Free Lifetime Account and Start Learning the whole Italian Language from the Beginning!

    1. Surround yourself with Italian

    Surround Yourself

    By surrounding yourself with Italian constantly you will completely immerse yourself in the language. Without realizing it you’ll be learning pronunciation, sentence structures, grammar, and new vocabulary. You can play music in the background while you’re cooking or have a Italian radio station on while you study. Immersion is a key factor with this learning process because it is one of the easiest things to do, but very effective. Even if you are not giving the program your full attention you will be learning.

    One great feature of ItalianPod101.com is the endless podcasts that are available to you. You can even download and listen to them on the go. These podcasts are interesting and are perfect for the intention of immersion, they are easy to listen to as background noise and are interesting enough to give your full attention. Many of them contain stories that you follow as you go through the lessons which push you to keep going.

    2. Learn through observation
    learn through observation

    Learning through observation is the most natural way to learn. Observation is how we all learned our native languages as infants and it’s a wonder why we stop learning this way. If you have patience and learn through observation then Italian words will have their own meanings rather than meanings in reference to your native language. Ideally, you should skip the bilingual dictionary and just buy a dictionary in Italian.

    ItalianPod101.com also offers the materials to learn this way. We have numerous video lessons which present situational usage of each word or phrase instead of just a direct translation. This holds true for many of our videos and how we teach Italian.

    3. Speak out loud to yourself
    talk to yourself

    Speaking to yourself in Italian not only gets you in the mindset of Italian, but also makes you listen to how you speak. It forces you to correct any errors with pronunciation and makes it easy to spot grammar mistakes. When you speak out loud talk about what you did that day and what you plan to do the next day. Your goal is to be the most comfortable speaking out loud and to easily create sentences. Once you feel comfortable talking to yourself start consciously thinking in your head about your daily activities and what is going on around you throughout the day.

    With ItalianPod101.com you start speaking right away, not only this, but they have you repeat words and conversations after a native Italian speaker. This makes your pronunciation very accurate! With this help, you are on the fast path to making clear and complex sentences and then actively thinking about your day.

    4. Practice daily

    If you don’t practice daily then your progress will be greatly slowed. Many people are tempted to take the 20-30 minutes they should be practicing a day and practice 120 in one day and skip the other days. This isn’t nearly as effective because everyday you practice you are reinforcing the skills and knowledge you have learned. If you practice all in one day you don’t retain the information because the brain can realistically only focus for 30 minutes at most. If you’re studying for 120 minutes on the same subject little of the information will be absorbed. Studying everyday allows you to review material that you went over previous days and absorb a small amount of information at a time.

    It’s tough to find motivation to study everyday, but ItalianPod101.com can help. It’s easy to stay motivated with ItalianPod101.com because we give you a set learning path, with this path we show how much progress you’ve made. This makes you stick to your goals and keep going!

    Conclusion

    Following the steps and having patience is the hardest part to achieving your goals, it’s not easy learning a new language. You are essentially teaching your brain to categorize the world in a completely new way. Stick with it and you can do it just remember the 4 tools I taught you today! With them, conversations, reading, and understanding will become much easier. The most important thing to remember is to use the tools that ItalianPod101.com provides and you will be on your way to being fluent!

    Learn Italian With ItalianPod101 Today!

    Top 20 Italian Words and Phrases you need to survive the Apocalypse

    Zombies are coming, and they speak Italian! Do you have what it takes to survive? No?
    How lucky you are, we have exactly what you need. Here is the Top 20 Words and Phrases you need to survive this Apocalypse!

    top Italian words and phrases to survive zombies apocalypse

    Click here to listen how to pronounce those phrases!

    infezione (n)
    infection

    spaventoso (adj)
    scary

    teschio (n)
    skull

    tomba (n)
    grave

    Qual è il tuo film di zombi preferito??
    What’s your favorite zombie movie?

    https://media.giphy.com/media/kfztfA622HDGM/giphy.gif

    Click here to access this lesson for free!

    apocalisse (n)
    apocalypse

    alzarsi dalla tomba.
    rise from the grave

    Zombi! Correte!
    Zombies! Run!

    Se ci fosse un attacco di zombi, dove andresti?
    If there was a zombie attack, where would you go?

    soprannaturale (adj)
    supernatural

    https://media.giphy.com/media/idXYLeInD4wkU/giphy.gif

    scorta alimentare (n)
    food supply

    morti che camminano
    walking dead

    pelle d’oca(n)
    goose bumps

    immaginazione (n)
    imagination

    cultura pop (n)
    pop culture

    https://media.giphy.com/media/3o85xHe5CUfiRi0d5m/giphy.gif

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    acqua dolce (n)
    fresh water

    cadavere (n)
    corpse

    raccapricciante (adj)
    gruesome

    nascondersi (v)
    hide

    cimitero (n)
    graveyard

    Want to amaze zombies? Become their friends? Learn Italian with our vocabulary lists!

    More sample sentences, vocabulary, audio and video lessons when you sign up for free at ItalianPod101.com.

    How to Learn Italian in Your Car?

    How to Learn Italian in Your Car? Learn language in car

    Stuck in traffic? Losing time in your car? Have you ever felt that in all this wasted time, you could have watched the 750 episodes of One Piece, finished the last Super Mario ten times, or even better…you could have learned Italian? Between family, friends and work, in addition to this time-consuming commute, it can become difficult to find time to properly learn Italian.

    Fortunately, every problem has a solution, and what could be a better solution than turning that commute time into learning time? Stop passing the time mindlessly listening to the radio and try some of our best tips for mastering Italian in your car!

    https://media.giphy.com/media/3o6Mb2Qgu6RbzYlByU/giphy.gif

    Click Here To Start Learning Italian Right Now!

    You can learn Italian in your car, hands free
    While driving, it’s important that you keep your focus on the road, so this is why our top tips won’t require you to use your hands!

    Listening to Italian audio content in the car is a good way to learn
    This is because it is a fun and efficient way to learn. With ItalianPod101.com podcasts, you will be able to discover Italian culture through topics about everyday life. Instead of the radio, listen to a Italian podcast adapted to your level, from Absolute Beginner to Advanced, and you will make progress sooner that you would expect!

    https://media.giphy.com/media/pXsF2CgWoiel2/giphy.gif

    You can listen to Italian music in the car
    Did you know that you can learn Italian by singing while driving? Listen to songs from cartoon or drama and try to identify some words you learned.

    Challenge yourself! Use the Italian you’ve studied up to this point and see how much you understand! Making the jump to real-life Italian is a scary one, but friendly children’s songs are a great place to start!

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    You can learn alone in your car
    When you’re driving alone, you can be as loud as you want – there is nothing better for remembering your Italian lessons than repeating loudly, again and again. Next time you see a driver who seems to be talking alone, you will know he or she is just learning Italian!

    https://media.giphy.com/media/uSXTDFYDWpelW/giphy.gif

    You can learn through repetition with your passengers
    If there are passengers in the car, it can be more stimulating to learn together. You can set a role play with Italian dialogues. With ItalianPod101.com, you can download all the lessons transcript including the dialogues, as a PDF. Print it out and have some fun speaking in Italian!

    One of the passengers can answer the quiz available on each of our lessons, while another can correct that person. Listening to someone at a more advanced level of Italian or a better accent is positive and helps you improve.

    You can learn Italian offline
    Do you have a poor connection or are unable to use the Internet? It’s not a problem for learning Italian! Before you start your commute, use our App to download the lessons you want to study and the podcast you want to listen to in your car, and you will be able to enjoy your lessons offline. Entering a tunnel won’t be a problem anymore. What a pleasure to listen to audio content without having the host freezing every 5 seconds!

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    Click here to download the App and learn offline!

    You can learn every day at your own pace
    One of the best approaches for learning a language is little by little and often. It’s not efficient to take in a huge amount of information at one time. What you need is to study on a regular basis – a little bit of Italian every day. You commute several days a week, and that is all time you can take advantage of!

    You have the freedom to choose the lessons and podcasts you want to focus on, at your own rhythm. You may want to do a little revision or discover how to talk about a new topic. And if you’re wondering what to learn next, you can use the new Learning Paths, which is our customized pathway feature that gives you a step-by-step way to learn Italian without getting lost!

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    Click here to access Learning Paths at ItalianPod101!

    If you don’t have a car and commute by another method, these tips are still valid! Learning Italian is no longer limited to the classroom or your house; there are so many benefits to learning in your car or elsewhere. Reaching a conversational level will take you less time than you could ever have imagined! Don’t forget to sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and enjoy our content!