Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Cinzia: Hello everyone! I'm Cinzia, and welcome to ItalianPOD101.
Marco: With us, you'll learn to speak Italian with fun and effective lessons.
Cinzia: We also provide you with cultural insights
Marco: and tips you won't find in a textbook...
Marco: In this lesson we will explain the imperfetto and passato prossimo tense agreement in narrations This conversation takes place on the streets of Italy
Cinzia: And it's between John and Laura They are friends therefore they will be speaking informally
DIALOGUE
Laura: Ieri ha nevicato!
John: Sì, ho visto.
Laura: Mentre andavo in ufficio ho scattato delle foto ai tetti.
John: Perché ai tetti?
Laura: Sono belli quando sono coperti di neve.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Laura: Ieri ha nevicato!
John: Sì, ho visto.
Laura: Mentre andavo in ufficio ho scattato delle foto ai tetti.
John: Perché ai tetti?
Laura: Sono belli quando sono coperti di neve.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Laura: Ieri ha nevicato!
Marco: Yesterday, it snowed!
John: Sì, ho visto.
Marco: Yes, I saw.
Laura: Mentre andavo in ufficio ho scattato delle foto ai tetti.
Marco: While I was going to the office, I took some pictures of rooftops.
John: Perché ai tetti?
Marco: Why rooftops?
Laura: Sono belli quando sono coperti di neve.
Marco: They are pretty when they are covered in snow.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Cinzia: Snow in old Italian cities is just wonderful!
Marco: I guess only if you don’t have to go to school or work!
Cinzia: Always thinking about practical things! Think about the atmosphere!
Marco: You’re right as always. I loved to walk in the desert streets of Venice after it snowed, you could just hear the sound of your footsteps crushing the ice!
Cinzia: That’s more like it!
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Cinzia: nevicare [natural native speed]
Marco: to snow
Cinzia: nevicare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: nevicare [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: scattare una foto [natural native speed]
Marco: to take a picture
Cinzia: scattare una foto [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: scattare una foto [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: foto [natural native speed]
Marco: photo, picture
Cinzia: foto [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: foto [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: tetto [natural native speed]
Marco: roof, rooftop
Cinzia: tetto [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: tetto [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: coprire [natural native speed]
Marco: to cover, screen, blanket
Cinzia: coprire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: coprire [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: neve [natural native speed]
Marco: snow
Cinzia: neve [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: neve [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Cinzia: The first word we will look at is
nevicare
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Domani dovrebbe nevicare.
Marco: It should snow tomorrow.
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
scattare una foto
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Mi può scattare una foto.
Marco: Can you take a picture?
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
foto
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Posso scattare una foto?
Marco: Can I take a picture?
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
tetto
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: C’è un gatto sul tetto.
Marco: There’s a cat on the roof.
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
coprire
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Fa freddo, copriti!
Marco: It’s cold, cover yourself!
Cinzia: Today's last word/expression is
neve
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Giochiamo nella neve?
Marco: Let’s play in the snow.

Lesson focus

Marco: The tense agreement between passato prossimo and imperfetto tense is essential to comprehend how to convey past occurrences in formal narrations.
Cinzia: The main features of both tenses have already been introduced in previous classes. In today's class we will see how to correctly combine them.
Marco: The passato prossimo tense is used to express definite actions, which can be inserted into a precise, definite temporal context.
Marco: The imperfetto tense is principally used to describe any element of the narration that provides additional information to the main actions.
Cinzia: Within the limits we have just explained, they can be used rather freely.
Marco: Yes, the speaker is thus able to stress particular actions over the rest of the sentence. For instance
Cinzia: Ieri nevicava.
Marco: Yesterday it snowed. imperfetto
Cinzia: Ieri ha nevicato.
Marco: Yesterday it snowed. passato prossimo
Cinzia: Grammatically speaking, both sentences are correct.
Marco: However, in the first sentence the speaker casually illustrates an event that occurred,
whereas in the second he/she wishes to point out that it did snow yesterday.

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Marco: Testing yourself is one of the most effective ways to learn.
Cinzia: That's why we have 3 types of quizzes.
Marco: Vocabulary, grammar, and content specific.
Cinzia: Each quiz targets specific skill...
Marco: And together these quizzes will help you
master several fundamental skills. :
Cinzia: You can find them in the learning center at
Marco: ItalianPod101.com
Marco: Ciao a tutti!
Cinzia: A presto!"

19 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:19 AM
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Ciao Burak,

thanks for your question!


"Puoi scattare una foto" is also correct, but it's spoken in informal Italian. When you want to use formal Italian, "puoi" becomes "può" (basically, you should address the other person using the 3rd person singular instead of the second person [you]).


As for "mi", there is a slight difference between "può scattare una foto" and "mi può scattare una foto".


Può scattare una foto? -> Can you take a picture? (it's not clear of what or who)

Mi può scattare una foto? -> Can you take a picture OF ME?


Hope this helps!


Team ItalianPod101.com

Burak
Saturday at 03:35 AM
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Ciao,

In vocabulary, Mi può scattare una foto. translated as "Can you take a picture?". I'm a little bit confused. there are mi and puo that refers to first singular person but in translation it is second singular person. Shouldn't it be "puoi scattare una foto?"

Thanks :)

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:37 PM
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Ciao Ian,

in the Vocabulary session, there should be four buttons:

Add to Flashcard Deck

Add to Word Bank

Slideshow

Take Quiz (this is the one they're referring to)


Hope this helps!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Ian
Tuesday at 08:20 PM
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Ciao,


Where can I find the three types of quiz’s described in the audio?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:57 PM
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Hi larry lillie,


Your dictionary is correct! :smile:

In the dialogue, "sono coperti" is a passive voice, so it needs "essere".


Please let us know, if you have other questions.

Keep up the good work!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

larry lillie
Tuesday at 02:29 AM
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my dictionarty tells me thar COPRIRE takes avere and not essere. ::Which is correct ?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:54 PM
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Hi Michael,


Yes, you can!

Both versions are correct :thumbsup:


Keep up the good work!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Michael
Tuesday at 07:13 AM
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Can you say "Ci può scattare una foto" o "Può scattarci una foto" to say "Can you take a photo of us?"


Grazie.

Team ItalianPod101.com
Wednesday at 02:19 AM
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Ciao Jorge,

perfetto!


A presto.

Chiara

Team ItalianPod101.com

Jorge
Tuesday at 03:20 AM
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La mia casa è coperta di neve

Mi house it's covered in snow.

Mi casa está cubierta de nieve.