Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Marco: Buon giorno! Mi chiamo Marco. Newbie Series season 1, lesson #18 - Versace and Valentino and Armani, Oh My!
Cinzia: Buon giorno a tutti! Hi, my name is Cinzia and I am joined here by Marco. Ciao, Marco. Come va?
Marco: Va tutto bene. Hello and welcome to the Newbie Series of Italianpod101.com.
Cinzia: Thanks for joining us for our 18th lesson of this Newbie Series.
Marco: Which focuses on the basics for anyone starting to learn the Italian language.
Cinzia: So please join us for this lesson of Italianpod101.com.
Marco: The focus of this lesson is the presente indicativo tense of the second conjugation verbs.
Cinzia: This conversation takes place in a cafe.
Marco: And it is between Laura and John.
Cinzia: They are friends, therefore they will be speaking informal Italian. Reinforce your Italian by using the Grammar Bank of the Learning Center at Italianpod101.com.
DIALOGUE
Laura: Cosa c’è?
John: Spendo troppi soldi!
Laura: Davvero?
John: Si!
Laura: Quanto spendi ogni giorno?
John: Hmm circa 100 euro.
Laura: Cosa?!? Nessuno spende così tanto!
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Laura: Cosa c’è?
John: Spendo troppi soldi!
Laura: Davvero?
John: Si!
Laura: Quanto spendi ogni giorno?
John: Hmm circa 100 euro.
Laura: Cosa?!? Nessuno spende così tanto!
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Laura: Cosa c’è?
Marco: What's happening?
John: Spendo troppi soldi!
Marco: I spend too much money!
Laura: Davvero?
Marco: Really?
John: Si!
Marco: Yes!
Laura: Quanto spendi ogni giorno?
Marco: How much do you spend a day?
John: Hmm circa 100 euro.
Marco: Hmm, around one hundred euros.
Laura: Cosa?!? Nessuno spende così tanto!
Marco: What?!? Nobody spends that much!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: Nobody? Somebody must spend that much, right Cinzia?
Cinzia: Yes, but not me. I don't like spending money I told you. What about you, Marco?
Marco: I don't know, I don't spend that much. Yes I like to spend a lot all at once, buying technology, all my gadgets!
Cinzia: We know, we know, Marco!
Marco: You mean... everybody knows that I like gadgets?
Cinzia: We've been talking about your addiction in the previous lesson!
Marco: Addiction? Nah. I just love gadgets.
Cinzia: Yes, so it's an addiction!
Marco: Ok. Well, on we go with the show.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let us take a look at today’s vocabulary.
Marco: First
Cinzia: cosa [natural native speed]
Marco: what
Cinzia: cosa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: cosa [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: spendere [natural native speed]
Marco: to spend
Cinzia: spendere [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: spendere [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: troppi [natural native speed]
Marco: too much, too many
Cinzia: troppi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: troppi [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: davvero [natural native speed]
Marco: really, truly, indeed
Cinzia: davvero [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: davvero [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: ogni [natural native speed]
Marco: every
Cinzia: ogni [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: ogni [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: circa [natural native speed]
Marco: about, around, nearly, circa
Cinzia: circa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: circa [natural native speed]
Marco: And last word
Cinzia: nessuno [natural native speed]
Marco: nobody, no one
Cinzia: nessuno [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: nessuno [natural native speed]
Marco: Nobody loves me! Nessuno mi ama!
Cinzia: No! Don’t say that! I love you so much, Marco!
Marco: Yeah, yeah… she’s winking at me and everybody else in the studio.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Cinzia: So now let’s have a look at the usage for some of the words and expressions. The first word we will look at is cosa.
Marco: Cinzia, can you give us an example sentence please?
Cinzia: Cosa hai detto?
Marco: “What did you say?” We hear this very often in Italian, don't we?
Cinzia: Yes. OK. The next word is spendere.
Marco: Let’s have an example.
Cinzia: Spendo sempre troppi soldi.
Marco: “I always spend too much money.”
Cinzia: And it's not me, but Marco.
Marco: Yes, yes, yes, let's go on.
Cinzia: Next word is troppi.
Marco: One example please.
Cinzia: Mangio troppi dolci.
Marco: “I eat too many sweets / cakes.”
Cinzia: Mmm... It's true...
Marco: It's true?
Cinzia: I love dolci!
Marco: And in Italian dolci means well... anything from sweets to candies to cakes to donuts to...
Cinzia: Yes
Marco: Stop me here because I'm going forever.
Cinzia: Yes, and I love everything.
Marco: On we go!
Cinzia: The next word we will see is ogni.
Marco: And the example is?
Cinzia: Vado in pizzeria ogni Sabato.
Marco: “I go to the pizzeria every Saturday.”
Cinzia: The next word we will see is circa
Marco: And the example is?
Cinzia: Luca ha circa trent’anni.
Marco: “Luca is nearly thirty years old.” And be careful trent'anni sounds like one word but as we have seen in the previous lesson it should actually be trenta anni but because the last letter of trenta is a vowel and the starting letter of anni is also a vowel we can drop down the last vowel of trenta, put an apostrophe and read it trent'anni.
Cinzia: And remember that both ways are correct. Trenta anni and trent'anni.
Cinzia: The next word we will see is nessuno.
Marco: And the example is?
Cinzia: Nessuno conosce il proprio destino.
Marco: Difficult difficult! “Nobody knows his/her destiny.” Let’s hear it one more time, Cinzia.
Cinzia: Nessuno conosce il proprio destino.
Marco: “Nobody knows his/her destiny.” Nice.
Cinzia: What a deep concept.
Marco: Yes. Ok then, this wraps it up for the vocabulary usage.
LESSON FOCUS
Cinzia: The second conjugation presente indicativo conjugation is realized by changing the verb’s stem.
Marco: and adding the endings presented in the following scheme. Now remember, that’s the stem that is what we are left with when we take out the ending, in this case, -ere from the infinitive. So let’s take a look at the conjugation of the regular verb spendere.
Io spend-o “I spend”
Tu spend-i “You spend”
Lui/lei spend-e “He/she spends”
Noi spend-iamo “We spend”
Voi spend-ete “You spend”
Loro spend-ono “They spend”
Marco: Now Cinzia, we must warn our listeners, that it is important to notice that many verbs belonging to the second conjugation are actually irregular.
Cinzia: This means that they do not follow the standard rules. Right, Marco?
Marco: Yes. They can either change the stem or the ending, but rarely they can change both.
Cinzia: Yes, and then the following modal verbs are the most notable, and widely used. For example. Dovere.
Marco: "to have to," "to ought to," "must"
Cinzia: Potere
Marco: "can," "may"
Cinzia: Sapere
Marco: "to know"
Cinzia: Volere
Marco: "to want," "to wish". And we shall see these verbs in detail in future lessons, but for now, you can also check their full conjugation in the Grammar Bank,
Cinzia: under the “Verbs” section.
Marco: Very good, very good.
OUTRO
Cinzia: This wraps up today's lesson.
Marco: Don't forget to try out the Italian Review in the Learning Center, where you'll find test questions, answers and comments on the answers.
Cinzia: It's a great way to start practicing on your own.
Marco: Ok. See you again.
Cinzia: Ciao! A presto! Arrivederci!
Marco: Ciao!

11 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Spending money... In Italy up until a few years ago few people used credit cards or debt cards, but recently, with the rise of prices and cost of life many are starting to do so. What about in your country?

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ItalianPod101.com
Monday at 9:13 am
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Hi Mehdi,


Thank you for posting.

In the dialogue "ci" is not the reflexive pronoun, but the adverb of place, meaning “there.”

C’è = there is

Ci sono = there are


I hope this helps!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

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Mehdi
Friday at 6:58 am
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Ciao a tutti!

I would like to know the exact meaning and different usages of the preposition c' mentioned in the dialogue.

Is it the same as the reflexive pronoun "ci"?

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ItalianPod101.com
Thursday at 11:41 am
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Hello Molly,


Thank you for your question.

It's right under the audio player (1. Introduction, 2. Lesson Materials, 3. Review).


Could it be that you’re checking the lesson through our new interface?

In that case the Learning Center (those 1,2,3 points) is shown differently.

You can find the 2. Lesson Materials underneath the player, then the 3. Review quizzes at the end o the Vocabulary list (next to the Add to WordBank button).


Let us know if you have any further questions.

Cheers,

Lena

Team ItalianPod101.com

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Molly McKean
Thursday at 6:56 pm
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Where can I find the learning centre?


Grazie!!!

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ItalianPod101.com
Thursday at 3:38 pm
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Ciao Charlene Charette,


Good catch! The issue was fixed!:thumbsup:

Grazie. L'errore è stato corretto.


A presto!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

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Charlene Charette
Wednesday at 2:03 pm
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C'è un errore nel PDF.


"Studio circa 3 ore al giorno."

"I study about two hours a day."

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Marco
Wednesday at 1:21 pm
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Dear Jon,

we cover them also in the lessons so please continue with the lessons and you will find them soon.


Buona giornata

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John
Wednesday at 12:09 pm
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Ciao Marco, this lesson makes reference to go to the Reference materials, Grammar bank and Verb Conjugation section to study 1st 2nd and 3rd conjugations as well as irregular 2nd conjugations. When I went there the site is under construction. Is there another route to conjugation practice and review?

Grazie, John

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Consuelo
Tuesday at 5:00 pm
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Ciao Ken,


thanks for sharing, maybe other listeners feel the same:smile:.


and...good luck with your studying! "Buona fortuna con il tuo studio!"


Consuelo

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Ken
Friday at 10:30 am
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Negli Stati Uniti tutti usano carte di credito. Many people charge too much and file for bancrupcy. I, however, never charge so much that I can't pay off the balance when the bill comes. As a matter fact, the credit card I use pays me for charging and not keeping a balance. Not a bad deal! Strano, io voglio a scrivere in italiano, ma non ancora ho il vocabolario. I was impressed by the "Getting Started . . ." disc that emphasized using the language. It's true that I can pass tests, but can't use the language because I never forced myself to do so. Frustrating!