Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Marco: Buongiorno, mi chiamo Marco. Lower intermediate series, season 1, Lesson 8. Did You Just Answer The Phone in Italian?
Cinzia: Buongiorno a tutti. My name is Cinzia and I am joined here by Marco, come stai Marco?
Marco: Sto molto bene, grazie. Hello everyone and welcome to the 8th lesson of the Lower Intermediate series.
Cinzia: Here we take a broad approach to the language, emphasizing listening comprehension.
Marco: Speech, grammar
Cinzia: Vocabulary and usage.
Marco: So join us for this lesson of italianpod101.com
Cinzia: And before we jump in, don’t forget to check out the verb conjugation charts available in the learning center at italianpod101.com. What are we talking about today Marco?
Marco: Something about the differences and the usage of imperfetto and passato prossimo?
Cinzia: Oh okay.
Marco: Is that right?
Cinzia: Yes, yes imperfetto and passato prossimo are often used together in Italian.
Marco: But since this is a rather difficult topic, we are going to see today but also in other lessons as well.
Cinzia: Of course.
Marco: And please check the newbie series for the complete explanation of the conjugation.
Cinzia: Okay so let’s start.
Marco: I would be Manuel while Cinzia will be
Cinzia: Giulia.
Marco: And well, Manuel and Julia are both friends. So they will be talking in informal Italian. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
Manuel: Ieri mentre eri a pranzo ti ha chiamato Marcella.
Giulia: Ah si? Ti ha detto perchè chiamava?
Manuel: Voleva solo farti un saluto.
Giulia: Grazie, ora la richiamo.
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Manuel: Ieri mentre eri a pranzo ti ha chiamato Marcella.
Giulia: Ah si? Ti ha detto perchè chiamava?
Manuel: Voleva solo farti un saluto.
Giulia: Grazie, ora la richiamo.
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Manuel: Ieri mentre eri a pranzo ti ha chiamato Marcella.
Manuel: Marcella called you yesterday while you were out to lunch.
Giulia: Ah si? Ti ha detto perchè chiamava?
Giulia: Really? Did she say what she was calling for?
Manuel: Voleva solo farti un saluto.
Manuel: She just wanted to say hi.
Giulia: Grazie, ora la richiamo.
Giulia: Thank you; I'll call her back right now.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: Italians really like talking on the telephone. Don’t they?
Cinzia: Oh yes especially friends in spare time, they call each other.
Marco: Spare time. I have seen Italians calling each other during lessons. I mean school lessons, during work.
Cinzia: Really?
Marco: Any time is good. Just say hi, did you call me? Why were you looking for me? We are very curious and inquisitive I think. If a friend of yours calls you but you are not there to take the call.
Cinzia: I call him back.
Marco: As soon as possible, don’t you?
Cinzia: Of course because I want to know what he was looking for.
Marco: Yeah you are curious.
Cinzia: But it can be something important or I don’t know. If someone calls you, it means that he or she wants to talk to you.
Marco: Yes and we Italians love to talk to each other.
Cinzia: Yes actually we love chatting.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: So now let’s take a look at today’s vocabulary.
Cinzia: The first word is ieri.
Marco: Yesterday.
Cinzia: Ieri. Ieri.
Marco: Next word is
Cinzia: Mentre.
Marco: While, whilst.
Cinzia: Mentre. Mentre.
Marco: The next word is
Cinzia: Pranzo.
Marco: Lunch
Cinzia: Pranzo. Pranzo.
Marco: The next word is
Cinzia: Chiamare.
Marco: To call
Cinzia: Chiamare. Chiamare.
Marco: And the next word
Cinzia: Dire.
Marco: To say
Cinzia: Dire. Dire.
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: Volere.
Marco: To want
Cinzia: Volere. Volere.
Marco: Next we have an expression
Cinzia: Fare un saluto.
Marco: To drop in, to say hi.
Cinzia: Fare un saluto. Fare un saluto.
Marco: And last word
Cinzia: Richiamare.
Marco: To call someone back.
Cinzia: Richiamare. Richiamare.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Cinzia: And now let’s take a look at the usage for some of the words and expressions.
Marco: The first word we will look at is
Cinzia: Ieri.
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Ieri sono rimasto a casa.
Marco: Yesterday I stayed at home.
Cinzia: The next word we will look at is mentre.
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Mentre tornavo ho incontrato Matteo.
Marco: I met Matteo while I was going back.
Cinzia: The next word is pranzo.
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Ti invito a pranzo.
Marco: I invite you for lunch.
Cinzia: So pranzo can be noun but it can also be a verb.
Marco: Yes the first person singular of the verb pranzare.
Cinzia: Yes to have lunch and be careful because we have the verbs pranzare, to have lunch and cenare, to have dinner but we have something different for breakfast. We have fare colazione.
Marco: Literally to do breakfast.
Cinzia: Yes and the verb colazionare doesn’t exist.
Marco: Really doesn’t. Be careful about that.
Cinzia: Yes. So this is an exception. Remember it.
Marco: So Cinzia, what is the next word?
Cinzia: Volere.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Voleva solo salutarti.
Marco: She just wanted to say hi.
Cinzia: Next we have an expression.
Marco: And what is it?
Cinzia: Fare un saluto.
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Passo a salutarti uno di questi giorni.
Marco: I will drop in one of these days.
Cinzia: And the last word we will look at is richiamare.
Marco: And the last example sentence is
Cinzia: Ti posso richiamare fra 5 minuti?
Marco: Can I call you back in 5 minutes? This is also very used in Italian.
Cinzia: Maybe you are on the phone. You are rushing as always and you say Ah, ti posso richiamare fra 5 minuti?
Marco: Yes or maybe you have the house phone ringing while you are talking on the internet and your cell phone is also ringing and the postman came too.
Cinzia: And what else?

Lesson focus

Cinzia: And now let’s take a look at today’s grammar which is actually very interesting.
Marco: Yes it is.
Cinzia: So first of all, let’s take a look at the usage of the imperfetto.
Marco: When do we use the imperfetto?
Cinzia: We have several different cases. The first regards expressing an action still occurring in the past and not completed yet.
Marco: For example, alle 8 di sera guardavo ancora la televisione.
Cinzia: At 8 in the evening, I was still watching the TV.
Marco: In the second case instead, we can also use the imperfetto tense to express two actions occurring at the same time in the past. For example,
Cinzia: Mentre lavoravo ascoltavo la musica.
Marco: I was listening to the music while I was working.
Cinzia: And another case regarding expressing habitual actions which used to occur in the past.
Marco: For example, da bambino andavo in vacanza al mare.
Cinzia: When I was little, I used to go on holiday to the beach. Marco, when do we use the passato prossimo instead?
Marco: Well we use it to express an action occurred and completed in the past.
Cinzia: So this is the first difference. In the imperfetto, the action is not completed yet.
Marco: No.
Cinzia: While in the past, in the passato prossimo the action is completed.
Marco: Exactly. For example, ho guardato la televisione fino alle 8 di sera.
Cinzia: I watch TV till 8 in the evening.
Marco: Because we state that we watched TV until a certain time, it is certainly finished in the past.
Cinzia: Yes and the second case regards expressing two actions occurred one after another in the past. For example, prima ho studiato e poi sono uscito con gli amici.
Marco: First I studied. Then I went out with friends.
Cinzia: So two actions finished, completed. Can we use them together then?
Marco: Sure we can. For example, we can use the imperfetto and passato prossimo together when expressing two past actions in which
Cinzia: One is completed and one is still occurring.
Marco: For example
Cinzia: Mentre studiavo è arrivato un mio amico.
Marco: A friend of mine came while I was studying.
Cinzia: Exactly the same case we saw in the dialogue. Mentre eri a pranzo ti ha chiamato Marcella.
Marco: While you are out to lunch, Marcella called you.
Cinzia: Yes the imperfetto indicativo tense is frequently used in Italian, actually more frequently used in Italian than in English.
Marco: Oh yes certainly.
Cinzia: Sometimes it can correspond to the English use too or to the English simple past tense.
Marco: While the passato prossimo can correspond both to the English simple past or a present perfect.

Outro

Cinzia: What else easier than this?
Marco: Eating an Italian ice cream. Buon appetito a tutti.
Cinzia: Oh okay, okay he wants to go. Okay listeners, thank you and bye, bye.
Marco: Ciao.

19 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:25 AM
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Hi Paul Di Marino,

thanks for leaving a comment.


You can find them here:

https://www.italianpod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammarbank?filter=category&value=VmVyYnM


Hope this helps!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101

Paul Di Marino
Monday at 06:16 AM
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In the transcript, you mention the verb conjugation chart. I can’t seem to find it....grazie mille

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:19 PM
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Hello Todd,


Thank you for your question.

Please check the following links:

https://www.italianpod101.com/italian-verbs/

https://www.italianpod101.com/italian-grammar/


We hope you liked the lesson!

Let us know if you have any further questions.

Cheers,

Lena

Team ItalianPod101.com

Todd Sankovich
Thursday at 03:26 AM
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Hello...


In the lesson, Cinzia says, "And before we jump in, don’t forget to check out the verb conjugation charts available in the learning center at italianpod101.com". Where do I find these? Can you simply provide me a link to the verb conjugation charts?


Thank you.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:03 PM
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Ciao Ken,


Ops! ti ho già risposto nell'altra lezione! Scusa, spero vada bene lo stesso!

Se hai altre domande, chiedi!


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:01 PM
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Ciao Gaby,


Grazie mille :smile: anche a te!


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Ken
Friday at 07:40 AM
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Team 101, Please excuse my mistake. For some reason when I want to comment on this lesson, which I consider very important, I end up commenting on lesson 9. Please ignore the one on lesson 9. If I can erase it I will. Anyway, I am trying to use the imperfetto. I hope I am improving. For a long time it was a mystery to me.

Ken

FRIDAY AT 7:21 AM

Torno ancora una volta per ripassare questa lezione. Quando giovane passavo molte ore con i miei amici al angolo della strada . Giocavamo molti diversi giochi come: “kick the can,” “sardines,” “prisoner’s base,” and “hide and go seek.” Spesso non ritornavo a casa fino alle ventidue. In quelli giorni i genitori non hanno nessun paure quando i figli rimanevano fuori più tardi. In Italia, i bambini giocano fuori come facevamo, o passano i tempi liberi solo su i loro computer? Questi giochi sono conosciuti agli Italiani?


I am returning once again to review this lesson. When I was young, I spent many hours with my friends at the street corner. We played many different games like; kick the can, sardines, prisoner’s base, and hide and seek. Often, I didn’t return home until 11:30 pm. In those days, parents didn’t have any fears when their kids stayed out late. In Italy, do kids play outside as we did, or do they spend their free time only on their computers? Are these games familiar (known) to Italians?

Gaby
Saturday at 12:51 PM
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Grazie Ofelia!!! Buona fine settimana!:smile:

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:45 AM
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Hi ItalianPod101.com listeners!


Thank you for posting :smile:


Gaby, the sentences are written very well, but to sound more natural, let's say:

-Da bambino andavo in vacanza negli Stati Uniti con mia mamma. Oggi vado principalmente in Europa.

-A mezzanotte, stavo ancora lavorando sulla presentazione, mentre la mia amica ha chiamato perchè voleva andare alla festa di Gianluca.


Keep up the good work! :thumbsup:

Grazie! Arrivederci!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Gaby
Wednesday at 09:07 PM
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Alle mezzonotte, lavoravo ancora sulla presentazione mentre mia amica chiamato perchè voleve andare a la festa di Gianluca.


At midnight I was still working on the presentation while my friend called because she wanted to go to Gianluca's party.


(let me know if this sentence is OK)