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Lesson Transcript

Buongiorno!
Ciao a tutti! Sono Felice Angelini.
Hi, everyone! I’m Felice Angelini.
Welcome to the Italian Whiteboard Lesson!
In this lesson, you’ll learn the basic vocabulary for talking about the weather, in particular, when we talk about weather conditions.
Okay Let’s get started!
We have two kinds of words; nouns or adjectives.
I’d like to start with nouns.
The first is neve.
neve (enunciated)
neve
Put attention on the accent, E, the first E.
Neve is a female noun and neve means “snow.”
Pay attention to this pronunciation /ve/. “Ve” is like Venezia “Venice,” /ve/.
Maybe, we can find it in another word.
Okay. The next is pioggia.
pioggia (enunciated)
pioggia
The accent on O. And pay attention to this double consonant sound. It’s a little strong, /gg/, pioggia. Pioggia is a female noun like neve and means “rain.”
Okay. Then vento.
vento (enunciated)
vento
Vento, the accent is on E, vento.
Did you, did you notice? Yeah, the same “ve~”, “ve~,” vento.
Vento is a masculine noun and the meaning is “wind.”
The next, sole.
sole (enunciated)
sole
The accent is on O.
Sole is a masculine noun. Do you remember the song, Sole?
Sole means “sun.”
Then, cielo.
cielo (enunciated)
cielo
Cielo, the accent is on the E, E, attenzione “attention,” Italian E, cielo.
And cielo is a masculine noun.
Cielo means “sky.”
And I want your attention because we have two vowels. In this case, don’t consider I, Italian I, where there’s only E. So, put together “C” and “I” like “ci~,” “ci~” and the word is cielo.
Then, nebbia.
nebbia (enunciated)
nebbia
The accent is on E, but pay attention to this double consonant like pioggia, /gg/, in this case double B, /bb/, nebbia.
Nebbia is a female noun and the meaning is “fog.”
The last one, temporale.
temporale (enunciated)
temporale
The accent is on A, temporale.
Temporale is a masculine noun and the meaning is “thunderstorm.”
Well, we can continue now from adjectives, but did you notice, I missed one word?
Well, this one, sereno.
sereno (enunciated)
sereno
Because this word is an adjective and is using combination with cielo, sereno.
The accent is in, is in (the second) e. Again, sorry. Maybe, you can realize that I write it, but...okay.
Well, now, we can continue with adjective, but did you notice, I missed one word, this one, sereno.
sereno (enunciated)
sereno
Because this word is an adjective and, in this case, it’s used in combination with cielo.
Cielo sereno
And sereno, I have to put the accent on the second E, sereno.
Sereno means “clear / serene.” So, in combination, cielo sereno means “clear sky.”
Okay and do you remember, cielo is a masculine noun? So, in this case, we have to put masculine form in the adjective, sereno, cielo sereno.
Okay. Let’s check another adjective.
Are you ready?
The first is nuvoloso.
nuvoloso (enunciated)
nuvoloso
The accent is on the second O, nuvoloso, and this is the masculine form.
So, if you check the feminine form, you can realize that we have a different vowel at the end of the word. The accent is the same, on the O, second O, and is nuvolosa.
nuvolosa
nuvolosa
So, for masculine, nuvoloso.
For feminine, nuvolosa.
What’s the meaning? The meaning is “cloudy.”
Next one, instabile.
instabile (enunciated)
instabile
The accent is on A, instabile.
In this case, did you notice, for the feminine form, we have the same word, with the same pronunciation, instabile.
So, we can realize that we have, in Italian, two kinds of adjectives.
Like this: nuvoloso, nuvolosa.
Or like this: instabile, instabile.
And one more adjective, this one, soleggiato.
soleggiato (enunciated)
Or the feminine form, soleggiata.
soleggiata (enunciated)
soleggiata
The accent is on A.
And this kind of adjective is similar to nuvoloso, nuvolosa.
The meaning of, the meaning of soleggiato, soleggiata is “sunny.”
Okay. We finished this section about adjectives, but I have one, another point, very important, when we talk about these words. You can realize that in an adjective, sometimes, we have a noun. For example, in this word, soleggiato, “sole,” we have this word “sole” and it’s very good for understanding the context and the meaning of the word.
And in another case, for example, nuvoloso, there is one word, one noun, this is the masculine, but I prefer the feminine, nuvola, nuvola. That means “cloud,” cloud. So “cloud,” nuvolo, nuvola, nuvoloso. It’s very similar to soleggiato.
And then sometimes, an adjective that is very close to English, for example, instabile “unstable.”
Well, we have nouns, we have adjectives, so we are ready to talk about weather conditions.
So, imagine this situation, I talk about weather situations with Nana, my digital assistant, and I say, in Italian…
A: Nana, com'è il tempo oggi?
(And Nana reply)
B: Neve di mattina. Pioggia di pomeriggio.
Okay. Let’s take one more time, this dialogue.
The question, my question...
Nana, com'è il tempo oggi?
One more time…
Nana, com'è il tempo oggi? (enunciated)
That means, “Nana, how’s the weather today?”
Now, let’s check the question, first in Italian.
Nana, com'è il tempo oggi?
Nana is the name of my digital assistant, so, Nana, Nana.
Then the question, com'è.
com'è (enunciated)
com'è
The accent is on the È. È is the verb and com is com'è, is the question, the word for the question. In English, it’s “how’s,” com'è.
Then, il tempo, two words, il tempo.
That means “the weather.”
At the end of the phrase, oggi.
That means “today.”
Pay attention to the accent:
Nana…com'è…il tempo…oggi?
Nana, com'è il tempo oggi?
That means, “Nana, how's the weather today?”
Okay, this is clear.
Then, the answer.
Neve di mattina. Pioggia di pomeriggio.
The first word, neve “snow.”
Di mattina (two words), that means “in the morning,” in the morning.
In English, three words. In Italian, two words.
The accent is here, neve...di...mattina.
Then, pioggia di pomeriggio.
Do you remember, pioggia is “rain”?
Di pomeriggio, in Italian, two words, means “in the afternoon.”
In English, three words.
The accent is, pioggia “O,” di, pomeriggio, pomeriggio, on the first “E.”
One more, again.
Neve di mattina. Pioggia di pomeriggio.
“Snow in the morning. Rain in the afternoon.”
So, this is the dialogue.
In this case, we used two words; neve and pioggia.
So, I want to try another example. Maybe change this weather condition. For example, pioggia and cielo sereno.
Pioggia di mattina. Cielo sereno di pomeriggio.
“Rain in the morning. Clear sky in the afternoon.”
Or make another example, but this time, not using only nouns.
I want to use adjectives.
For example: cielo sereno and instabile.
So, in this case, the example is:
Cielo sereno di mattina. Instabile di pomeriggio.
“Clear sky in the morning. Unstable in the afternoon.”
Did you notice, in these two examples, we have the same patterns?
First, we talk about weather conditions, so first, weather condition.
For example, a noun or an adjective.
And then the when, di mattina or di pomeriggio.
So we can put together and say, in this case, a reply like Nana.
Well, did you notice, in this example, we have the same pattern:
(noun, noun, and adjective)
(noun, adjective, and adjective)
So, if you put the noun and the adjective for talking about weather conditions, then we can end with di mattina and di pomeriggio. We can use this pattern. It’s very, very useful in this situation.
So, you can use this pattern with this noun and this adjective.
So, I have 2 tips for you.
The first one is, well, we need to remember the pronunciation and the meaning of this word, this noun and this adjective. So repeat many times, maybe it’s the best practice to remember.
And the second one is pay attention to the word order. For example, when I said, cielo sereno, we have this order in this situation when we talk about weather conditions. First, the noun (cielo) and then the adjective, so not the opposite order. In this way (noun and adjectives). This is the best way to sound Italian words like consone in maschile e maschile “masculine and masculine” in the same way.

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