Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
None (manual write in):
Jason: Ciao! Jason here. Welcome to ItalianPod101.com!
Cristina: Cristina here! Intermediate. Lesson 4 – Suffering Losses in Italy.
Jason: In this lesson you'll learn how use pronomi combinati. Such as me lo, te lo, and so on…
Cristina: Me li devo mettere al collo.
Jason: "I should put them around my neck" – This conversation takes place at work.
Cristina: Sara e Giovanna parlano insieme.
Jason: The conversation is between Sara and Giovanna.The speakers are co-workers and friends, so they'll be speaking informal language.
Cristina: Ascoltiamo
Jason: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Sara: Giovanna hai per caso visto i miei occhiali? Li lascio sempre in giro...
Giovanna: Quelli piccoli e dorati? No mi dispiace. Sai, dovresti usare una catenella.
Sara: Hai ragione. Me li devo mettere al collo. Ogni due per tre, li perdo!
Giovanna: Ti porto in un negozio dove fanno degli accessori molto carini, incluse delle catenelle per occhiali simpatiche e colorate.
Sara: Dovrei anche decidermi a comprare un portaocchiali.
Giovanna: Ma non te l’ha regalato Lucia a Natale?
Sara: Era nero e così ho perso pure quello.
Giovanna: Al tuo compleanno te lo regalo arancio!
Sara: Spiritosa!
James: Scusate, qualcuna ha portato lo spartito delle musiche di Morricone da provare oggi? Lo volevo prestare a Sandro, ma credo di averlo lasciato a casa. Glielo avevo promesso!
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Sara: Giovanna hai per caso visto i miei occhiali? Li lascio sempre in giro...
Giovanna: Quelli piccoli e dorati? No mi dispiace. Sai, dovresti usare una catenella.
Sara: Hai ragione. Me li devo mettere al collo. Ogni due per tre, li perdo!
Giovanna: Ti porto in un negozio dove fanno degli accessori molto carini, incluse delle catenelle per occhiali simpatiche e colorate.
Sara: Dovrei anche decidermi a comprare un portaocchiali.
Giovanna: Ma non te l’ha regalato Lucia a Natale?
Sara: Era nero e così ho perso pure quello.
Giovanna: Al tuo compleanno te lo regalo arancio!
Sara: Spiritosa!
James: Scusate, qualcuna ha portato lo spartito delle musiche di Morricone da provare oggi? Lo volevo prestare a Sandro, ma credo di averlo lasciato a casa. Glielo avevo promesso!
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Sara: Giovanna hai per caso visto i miei occhiali? Li lascio sempre in giro...
Jason: Giovanna, have you seen my glasses by any chance? I always leave them around...
Giovanna: Quelli piccoli e dorati? No mi dispiace. Sai, dovresti usare una catenella.
Jason: The small, golden ones? No, I'm sorry. You should use a glasses chain.
Sara: Hai ragione. Me li devo mettere al collo. Ogni due per tre, li perdo!
Jason: You're right. I should put them around my neck. I lose them every so often.
Giovanna: Ti porto in un negozio dove fanno degli accessori molto carini, incluse delle catenelle per occhiali simpatiche e colorate.
Jason: I'll take you to a shop where they make some really nice accessories, including some cute and colorful glasses chains.
Sara: Dovrei anche decidermi a comprare un portaocchiali.
Jason: I should also finally buy a case for my glasses.
Giovanna: Ma non te l’ha regalato Lucia a Natale?
Jason: Lucia gave one to you for Christmas, didn't she?
Sara: Era nero e così ho perso pure quello.
Jason: Yes, but it was black, and I lost that too.
Giovanna: Al tuo compleanno te lo regalo arancio!
Jason: For your birthday, I'll give you an orange one.
Sara: Spiritosa!
Jason: Very funny.
James: Scusate, qualcuna ha portato lo spartito delle musiche di Morricone da provare oggi? Lo volevo prestare a Sandro, ma credo di averlo lasciato a casa. Glielo avevo promesso!
Jason: Excuse me, has anyone brought the score of Morricone's music that we're going to rehearse today? I wanted to lend it to Sandro, but I think I left it at home. I had promised it to him!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Cristina: Hey Jason, do you know the composer of A fistful of dollars’ soundtrack, Ennio Morricone?
Jason: Of course I do, he’s very famous! Didn’t he write the soundtrack of several Sergio Leone movies?
Cristina: Yes, he did. He wrote the musical scores of many movies, most of them Spaghetti Westerns.
Jason: Is he Italian?
Cristina: Yes, he is. He was Leone’s school friend. That’s how he started composing movie music after the conservatory.
Jason: That’s interesting…If I remember well he wrote something for the American folksinger Joan Baez, too.
Cristina: Infatti! He wrote Sacco and Vanzetti’s soundtrack, and the most famous song of the movie was sang by Joan Baez. It was very famous in the Seventies.
Jason: Did he win some prizes for his music?
Cristina: Well, Morricone has composed music for more than 500 movies or tv series and received two Grammy Awards and two Golden Globes, among other prestigious prizes.
Jason: Did he win any Academy Award?
Cristina: First of all he won an Honorary Academy Award for career achievement in 2007. He also had several nominations for his movie musical scores.
Jason: That’s amazing!
VOCAB LIST
Jason: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Cristina: per caso [natural native speed]
Jason: by chance
Cristina: per caso [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: per caso [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: in giro [natural native speed]
Jason: around
Cristina: in giro [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: in giro [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: dorato [natural native speed]
Jason: golden
Cristina: dorato [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: dorato [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: catenella [natural native speed]
Jason: chain
Cristina: catenella [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: catenella [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: ogni due per tre [natural native speed]
Jason: every so often
Cristina: ogni due per tre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: ogni due per tre [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: simpatico [natural native speed]
Jason: cute
Cristina: simpatico [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: simpatico [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: portaocchiali [natural native speed]
Jason: glasses case
Cristina: portaocchiali [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: portaocchiali [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: spiritoso [natural native speed]
Jason: funny, hilarious, witty
Cristina: spiritoso [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: spiritoso [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: spartito [natural native speed]
Jason: score
Cristina: spartito [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: spartito [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cristina: provare [natural native speed]
Jason: to rehearse
Cristina: provare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cristina: provare [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Jason: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Jason: The first one we'll look at is...
Cristina: IN GIRO
Jason: Literally "AROUND"
Cristina: Together with different verbs, it acquires different meanings.
Jason: For example?
Cristina: Lasciare in giro means "to leave (stuff) lying around." Raccontare/dire in giro generally means "to spread some news around", "to divulge" but also "to snitch."
Jason: Is it used in other ways?
Cristina: An example that is a bit different is prendere in giro which means "to make fun of somebody/something". Here's a sample sentence. Mi stai prendendo in giro?
Jason: "Are you kidding me?"
Jason: What's the next one we'll look at?
Cristina: PROVARE.
Jason: "TO REHEARSE."
Cristina: This verb can be translated in English both as "to try" or "to rehearse". Here's a sample sentence. Stiamo provando per il concerto di domani
Jason: "We are rehearsing for tomorrow concert."
Cristina: You can also use fare le prove to replace provare for "practicing".
Jason: What does le prove mean?
Cristina: "Rehearsals".
Jason: Can you give us another example?
Cristina: Abbiamo fatto le prove fino a tardi.
Jason: "We rehearsed until late."

Lesson focus

Jason: The focus of this lesson is the usage of pronomi combinati.
Cristina: In the dialogue, we heard Me li devo mettere al collo.
Jason: "I should put them around my neck."
Cristina: The pronomi combinati are pairs of pronouns, formed by an indirect pronoun and the direct pronouns. This pair substitutes a noun that has the function of indirect object, and a noun that has the function of direct complement.
Jason: Let’s start reviewing the indirect pronouns. First singular person.
Cristina: MI
Jason: "TO ME". Second person singular.
Cristina: TI.
Jason: "TO YOU". Third person singular. Masculine.
Cristina: GLI.
Jason: "TO HIM". Third person singular. Feminine
Cristina: LE.
Jason: "TO HER". First person plural.
Cristina: CI.
Jason: "TO US". Second person plural.
Cristina: VI.
Jason: "TO YOU" (PLURAL). Third plural person.
Cristina: LORO or GLI.
Jason: "TO THEM".
Cristina: Then let’s review the direct pronouns.
Jason: First singular person.
Cristina: Mi
Jason: "ME". Second person singular.
Cristina: TI.
Jason: "YOU". Third person singular. Masculine.
Cristina: LO.
Jason: "HIM". Third person singular. Feminine
Cristina: LA.
Jason: "HER". First person plural.
Cristina: CI.
Jason: "US". Second person plural.
Cristina: VI.
Jason: "YOU" (PLURAL). Third person plural. Masculine.
Cristina: LI.
Jason: "THEM". Third person plural. Feminine.
Cristina: LE.
Jason: Let’s do some example with combined pronouns.
Cristina: Al tuo compleanno te lo regalo arancio!
Jason: "For your birthday, I’ll give you an orange one."
Cristina: In the dialogue above the direct pronoun lo refers to the glasses case (il portaocchiali), a singular masculine noun. The indirect pronoun te means "to you". The verb regalare in Italian, as it is in English, requires the preposition a ("to").
Jason: For example…
Cristina: Sandro ci porta delle briosches per la colazione. Ce le porta ogni sabato mattina.
Jason: "Sandro brings croissants to (for) us for breakfast. He brings them (to us) every Saturday morning."
Cristina: There are three rules to follow with the combined pronouns.
Jason: First rule. The position – the indirect pronoun always comes first.
Cristina: Ma non te l’ha regalato Lucia a Natale?
Jason: "Lucia gave one to you for Christmas, didn’t she?"
Cristina: Second rule.
Jason: The form – the indirect pronoun changes I to E.
Cristina: Mi piace quel libro. Me lo presti?
Jason: "I like that book. Can you lend it to me?"
Cristina: Notice that the indirect pronoun MI ("to me") changes to ME.
Jason: Third rule. In combination with GLI ("to them"), the indirect pronoun and the direct pronoun that follows become a single word and the letter E is added in between the two pronouns.
Cristina: Glielo volevo prestare.
Jason: "I wanted to lend it to him."
Cristina: When combined with a direct pronoun, it is not possible to use le as an indirect pronoun for lei. Gli substitutes le.
Jason: For example…
Cristina: Hai ricordato a Claudia l’ appuntamento dal dentista? Sì, gliel’ho ricordato stamattina.
Jason: "Did you remind Claudia about out dentist appointment? Yes I reminded her about it this morning."
Cristina: Please notice that the indirect pronoun for the third person singular and plural is the same. There is also the form loro for the third person plural, but it has fallen out of fashion, especially in the spoken language.

Outro

Jason: OK. That's all for this lesson. In the lesson notes, you can find more examples on this grammar point. So be sure to read them.
Cristina: A presto!
Jason: Bye-bye!

10 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Ciao! Let us know if you have any questions!

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:37 AM
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Hi Simon,

thanks for your question.


That's because you need to make the past participle agree with the object.

Did you remind Claudia .... what? -> the appointment. In this sentence, the object is "l'appuntamento", so you need the singular masculine ending, -o (ricordato).


Hope this helps!

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Simon
Tuesday at 02:21 AM
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An example sentence you had was "Hai ricordato a Claudia l' appuntamento dal dentista? Sì, gliel'ho ricordato stamattina." why don´t you say "gliel'ho riccordata"?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:05 AM
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Buongiorno a tutti,

Hi everyone,


Grazie per i commenti! Thank you for posting!


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Ian
Tuesday at 02:56 PM
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😄

Jet Sebus
Friday at 07:39 AM
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Grazie, Ofelia, per la risposta e il complimento:-)!


Le lezione mi piacciono tantissimo. Ogni volta sciopero nuove possibilità. Grazie a te e a il team di Italianpod101.com.


In questa lezione 'Ogni due su tre mi dimentico la patente a casa!' è un esempio nel vocabulario.


Ciao di


Jet.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:27 PM
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Hi Jet Sebus,


Brava, le tue frasi sono perfette! ?


-Grazie per avermi spiegato i pronomi complicati. (Be careful, “esplicare” doesn’t exist in Italian)

-Ogni due per tre mi dimentico la patente a casa. (I’ve never heard “ogni due su tre”, but it’s a slang and someone may say that too).

-Hai ragione! “Brioche” si scrive senza “s.” (We have fixed the lesson too).


Grazie mille, se hai altre domande, facci sapere!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Jet Sebus
Wednesday at 05:20 AM
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Ciao, Chiara e team di Italianpos101.com,


I pronomi combinati mi sembrano molto complicati. Spero ci sono più di esercici nelle lezioni prossimi.


Alcune domande:

Come si dice: Grazie per esplicarmi i pronomi combinati? Grazie per esplicarmeli? O: Grazie per meli esplicare? O qualcosa completamente differente?

Quale è l'espressione corretta: Ogni due su tre mi dimentico la patente a casa? O: Ogni due per tre mi dimentico la patente a casa? Forse le preposizioni 'su' e 'per' sono scambiabili?


E come si scrive le brioche? E scritto quì come le briosche, ma penso questa moda di scrivere sia sbagliata .


Grazie per le lezioni, sono molto interessanti. Meli piacciono tanto. Grazie mille per farle per noi, studenti.


Ciao a tutti

di Jet

Team ItalianPod.com
Friday at 05:52 AM
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Ciao!

Benissimo Edmar!


Chiara

Team ItalianPod101.com

Edmar
Monday at 07:13 AM
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Hai CD di Yasmien Kurdi? Me lo puoi prestare.

Do you have the CD of Yasmien Kurdi? Can you lend it to me?


Sto cercando un fermacapelli dorato. Mia moglie lo vuole talmente. Glielo vorrrei dare.

I am looking for a golden hairclip. My wife love it so much. I would like to give it to her.