Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Consuelo: Ciao
Marco: Marco here. Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 7: Italian Sandwiches Free to a Good Home.
Consuelo: Hello, everyone. I’m Consuelo and welcome to ItalianPod101.com.
Marco: With us, you learn to speak Italian with fun and effective lessons.
Consuelo: We also provide you with cultural insights…
Marco: And tips you won’t find in a textbook. In today’s class, we will focus on plural definite articles.
Consuelo: This conversation takes place in a little park.
Marco: The conversation is between Melissa and Alessio.
Consuelo: The speakers are friends, therefore, they will be speaking informally.
Marco: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Melissa: Mmmm, buono!
Alessio: Sì, i panini del bar di fronte sono molto buoni.
Melissa: Eh sì. Il mio ha le olive, il tonno e i pomodori. E tu che panino hai?
Alessio: Il mio panino invece ha il prosciutto, la mozzarella e le melanzane.
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Melissa: Mmmm, buono!
Alessio: Sì, i panini del bar di fronte sono molto buoni.
Melissa: Eh sì. Il mio ha le olive, il tonno e i pomodori. E tu che panino hai?
Alessio: Il mio panino invece ha il prosciutto, la mozzarella e le melanzane.
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Melissa Mmmm, buono!
Marco Mmmm, good!
Alessio Sì, i panini del bar di fronte sono molto buoni.
Marco Yes, the sandwiches of the bar in front of here are very good.
Melissa Eh sì. Il mio ha le olive, il tonno e i pomodori. E tu che panino hai?
Marco Oh yes. Mine has olives, tuna, and tomatoes. And you, which sandwich do you have?
Alessio Il mio panino invece ha il prosciutto, la mozzarella e le melanzane.
Marco My sandwich has ham, mozzarella cheese, and eggplant instead.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: Consuelo, do Italians eat a lot of Panini for lunch?
Marco: Consuelo, do Italians eat a lot of "panini" for lunch?
Consuelo: Oh yes, Marco. Because they are very good, cheap, and quick to prepare! It is very normal in Italy to see people eating their sandwiches on the streets or on a bench for lunch but also during the afternoon.
Marco: That's true, and tourists have started to do the same actually.
Consuelo: Oh, you're right. My grandmother always said "there is nothing better than a 'panino' with cheese and a glass of red wine under the sun."
Marco: Wow, your grandmother is a wise woman.
Consuelo: That's for sure, but almost every Italian thinks exactly the same!
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is…
Consuelo panino [natural native speed]
Marco sandwich, panino
Consuelo panino [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo panino [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo molto [natural native speed]
Marco very, really
Consuelo molto [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo molto [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo oliva [natural native speed]
Marco olive
Consuelo oliva [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo oliva [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo pomodoro [natural native speed]
Marco tomato
Consuelo pomodoro [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo pomodoro [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo invece [natural native speed]
Marco instead
Consuelo invece [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo invece [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo melanzana [natural native speed]
Marco eggplant
Consuelo melanzana [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo melanzana [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Marco: Consuelo, what word are we studying today?
Consuelo: That's the Italian word "panino" and its plural form "panini." We'll also look at the word "bar."
Marco: A "panino" is the Italian sandwich.
Consuelo: As we have seen in the previous lesson, masculine nouns ending in "o" take the "i" in their plural form, and as we will see in this lesson's grammar point, the definite article to use is "i."
Marco: That's why Alessio says "i panini del bar."
Consuelo: "Bar" in Italian is a masculine noun; nouns ending in a consonant are usually masculine.
Marco: And which types of nouns end with a consonant in Italian?
Consuelo: Those are mostly words taken from English or other languages.
Marco: For example?
Consuelo: "Bar," "autobus," "film," "sport"…
Marco: I see, but how can I make the plural of those nouns?
Consuelo: In this case, you can't change the noun; you can only recognize it from the definite article. For instance, "bar" has only "i bar" as the plural form.
Marco: Ah okay, okay. And if I say "i bari?"
Consuelo: Oh no, that's a big mistake!!

Lesson focus

Consuelo: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.
Marco: The focus of this lesson is on plural definite articles.
Consuelo: As mentioned in our previous lesson, definite articles correspond to the English counterpart "the." Today we shall see the plural form.
Marco: There are basically three rules that help you to decide which plural article to use.
Consuelo: First rule.
Marco: Use "I" before masculine nouns starting with a consonant. For example…
Consuelo: "i ragazzi"
Marco: "the boys" and
Consuelo: "i panini"
Marco: "the sandwiches."
Consuelo: Second rule.
Marco: Use "gli" before masculine nouns starting with a vowel, the letter "-z," or the letter "-s" + a consonant. For instance…
Consuelo: "gli unicorni"
Marco: "the unicorns,"
Consuelo: "gli zerbini"
Marco: "the doormats," and
Consuelo: "gli scoiattoli"
Marco: "the squirrels."
Consuelo: Third rule.
Marco: Use "le" for every feminine noun, regardless of the starting letter. For example…
Consuelo: "le camicie"
Marco: "the shirts,"
Consuelo: "le unghie"
Marco: "the fingernails,"
Consuelo: "le zanzare"
Marco: "the mosquitoes," and
Consuelo: "le melanzane"
Marco: "the eggplants."
Marco: One difference between the Italian and English languages is that in Italian, we often employ "substantive adjectives," which are adjectives we use as stand-alone nouns.
Consuelo: Oh yes. We normally use substantive adjectives when we take one quality of the subject and make it become a temporary or permanent synonym of the subject we refer to.
Marco: Let me think of an example… Oh, I have an idea. Let's say we have a group of five people and only one of them has blond hair. We could say "il biondo," meaning "the blond one," since the context clarifies that we can identify just one person.
Consuelo: Exactly! And these adjectives follow all the grammatical rules concerning nouns, thus they can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural; they can be preceded by articles and so on.
Marco: That’s just about does it for today. Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Consuelo: The voice recording tool.
Marco: Yes, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Consuelo: Record your voice with a click of a button.
Marco: And then play it back just as easily.
Consuelo: So you record your voice and then listen to it.
Marco: Compare it to the native speakers.
Consuelo: And adjust your pronunciation.
Marco: This will help you improve your pronunciation fast.

29 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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ItalianPod101.com
Monday at 02:37 AM
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Hi Colleen,


don't let the name "substantive adjectives" scare you. It's easier than you think. Just remember that every time in English there is the construction "the + adjective + one/ones", in Italian you need to make the adjective agree with the person/object it is referring to. Example: Ci sono 2 ragazze: La alta è Laura, la rossa è Sara. [there are 2 girls: the tall one is Laura, the redhead (one) is Sara]


Hope this helps!

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Colleen
Wednesday at 11:10 AM
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buona sera,


will there be more lessons/explanations on substantive adjectives? I do not fully understand it based on what was given.


ciao,


Colleen

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:23 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Leslie,


With the free account, you can access the most recent lessons from the past three weeks as well as the first three lessons from any difficulty level. As we publish several lessons per week you'll receive many hours of free audio lessons to stream or download! Also, you get word lists, learning tips, apps, ebooks and more, all for free.


Hope this helps!


Thank you,

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Leslie Wolf
Monday at 04:45 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What elements of italianpod101 are available for free on the internet? Or are the free elements time-limited? My interest in Italian is for tourist travel purposes only, so I'm not looking for a lot of grammar, etc. Just vocabulary and handy phrases. I had thought that all the Absolute Beginner pathways would be available.... Please advise. Thanks!


Leslie

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:04 AM
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Hi Johanna,


Thank you for posting.


The voice recorder is in both the [Dialogue] and the [Vocabulary] sections.

It pops out when you click on the microphone icon.

If you can't find it, please let us know!


PS: The voice recording tool is developed by Flash, and you need access to the site on your PC or Mac to enjoy the feature.


Best Regards,

Cristiane

Team ItalianPod101.com

Johanna Ecseri
Friday at 03:26 PM
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Hi,

Please ad I e where can I find the voice recording tool. Can’t see it.

Grazie mille.

Johanna🙏

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Marrium,


Thank you for studying with us.

In the previous lesson, they mentioned that this lesson would be about articles.

Unfortunately, in Italian it's not possible to choose the article without knowing the noun's gender.

But don't get scared, in most cases you'll be able to recognize the gender from the spelling!

??


A presto,

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Marrium
Wednesday at 04:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

In the last lesson, you guys said that you will explain which articles to use with nouns that cannot be identified as masculine or feminine from the spellings, but you didn't explain it

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:49 PM
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Hi Martin Harte,


Thank you for posting.

That would be "Dove posso mangiare un panino?"

Keep up the good work!:thumbsup:


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Martin Harte
Monday at 01:28 PM
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Dove posse mangaire la panino.

Where can I eat a sandwich?