Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Consuelo: Ciao
Marco: Marco, here. Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 3: Of Course You're Doing Well If You're In Italy! Hi, my name is Marco and I'm joined here by Consuelo.
Consuelo: Ciao, Consuelo.
Marco: In today's class, we will focus on asking about how someone is.
Consuelo: This conversation takes place at the bar.
Marco: The conversation is between Ilaria Ravazzi and Alessio Martini.
Consuelo: In the first conversation, they will be speaking informal Italian. In the second conversation, they'll use formal Italian.
Marco: Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Marco: Informal.
Alessio: Ciao Ilaria, come stai?
Ilaria: Benone, e tu?
Alessio: Non c'è male, grazie.
Marco: Formal.
Alessio: Buona sera, signora Ravazzi. Come sta?
Ilaria: Molto bene, grazie. E lei?
Alessio: Mmm. Io sto così così.
Marco: Let's hear it slowly now.
Alessio: Ciao Ilaria, come stai?
Ilaria: Benone, e tu?
Alessio: Non c'è male, grazie.
Alessio: Buona sera, signora Ravazzi. Come sta?
Ilaria: Molto bene, grazie. E lei?
Alessio: Mmm. Io sto così così.
Marco: And now with the translation.
Alessio Ciao Ilaria, come stai?
Marco Hi, Ilaria, how are you?
Ilaria Benone, e tu?
Marco Terrific, and you?
Alessio Non c'è male, grazie.
Marco Not too bad, thank you.
Marco
Alessio Buona sera, signora Ravazzi. Come sta?
Marco Good evening, Mrs. Ravazzi. How do you do?
Ilaria Molto bene, grazie. E lei?
Marco Very well, thank you. And you?
Alessio Mmm. Io sto così così.
Marco Mmm. I'm not so well.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Consuelo: Marco, did you know that Italians tend to be more formal than Americans?
Marco: Oh yes, they often use titles in addressing each other. Why don't you tell us some of the most common courtesy titles?
Consuelo: Okay, Marco, let's start with "signore."
Marco: "Mister."
Consuelo: "Signora."
Marco: "Mrs."
Consuelo: In Italy, Marco, I am called "signorina."
Marco: Ah, "Miss", because you're not married! And what about professional titles?
Consuelo: The most used are "professore," masculine, and "professoressa," feminine.
Marco: "Professor."
Consuelo: Then we have "ingegnere."
Marco: "Engineer."
Consuelo: "Avvocato."
Marco: "Lawyer."
Consuelo: ...and "dottore," masculine, and "dottoressa," feminine.
Marco: "Doctor." Oh, thank you, Consuelo.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Consuelo come [natural native speed]
Marco how
Consuelo come [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo come [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo benone [natural native speed]
Marco very well, terrific
Consuelo benone [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo benone [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo grazie [natural native speed]
Marco thank you, thanks
Consuelo grazie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo grazie [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo buona sera [natural native speed]
Marco good evening
Consuelo buona sera [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo buona sera [natural native speed]
Marco: And today's last word is…
Consuelo: Signora
Marco: Madam, lady, missus.
Consuelo: Signora
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Marco: Consuelo, what expression are we studying today?
Consuelo: Today we talk about forms of greeting in Italian. As we have seen in the dialogues, "buona sera" is the exact equivalent of "good evening," and, as such, we should use this term only when we meet someone. Instead, you may use "buona serata" to wish someone a nice evening.
Marco: Ah, okay. But you should not use this greeting when meeting someone for the first time or upon entering a place. For example, when I enter a shop at nighttime, and the shopkeeper greets me with "buona sera," I can reply "buona sera," right?
Consuelo: Yes, of course, Marco, and when someone is about to go to bed we say "buona notte."
Marco: "Good night!"
Consuelo: As we saw in the previous lesson, "good morning" in Italian is…
Marco: "Buon giorno." But I also heard "buon pomeriggio."
Consuelo: Oh, that's "good afternoon" but it's not used much. So let me say "buona serata" to our listeners.
Marco: "Buona serata!"

Lesson focus

Consuelo: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.
Marco: The focus of this lesson is on asking how people are doing.
Consuelo: "Come stai" means "How are you?" referring to the second person singular "you" ("tu").
Marco: We use "come sta" in formal expressions, such as "How are you, sir?" This term has two alternative meanings.
Consuelo: To explain this better, let us look at our first Italian verb conjugation in present indicative form.
Marco: But before we jump in, let's tell our listeners that the meaning of the verb "stare" depends on the context in which it is used. Please note that the direct equivalent of to be is "essere." And now let's see the conjugation of the verb "stare."
Consuelo: "Io sto"
Marco: "I am"
Consuelo: "tu stai"
Marco: "you are"
Consuelo: "lui/lei sta"
Marco: "he/she/it is"
Consuelo: "noi stiamo"
Marco: "we are"
Consuelo: "voi state"
Marco: "you are"
Consuelo: "loro stanno"
Marco: "they are"
Consuelo: As you can clearly see, the informal way to ask "How are you?" uses the second person singular, "tu."
Marco: So when we want to speak formally, we just have to switch to the next person, "lui/lei," creating a distance between the speakers.
Consuelo: So "come sta" means "How are you?" in formal speech.
Marco: And "How is he/she?" in informal speech. The same happens for "tu" and "lei."
Consuelo: "Lei" means either "her" in informal speech or "you" (either masculine and feminine) in formal speech.
Marco: Its meaning is determined by the context it is used in. "Lui" can only mean "him." That’s just about does it for today.
Consuelo: Ready to test what you just learned.
Marco: Make this lesson's vocabulary stick by using lesson-specific flashcard in the Learning Center.
Consuelo: There is a reason why everyone uses flashcards.
Marco: They work.
Consuelo: They really do help the memorization.
Marco: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at…
Consuelo: ItalianPod101.com.
Marco: Okay.
Consuelo: Ciao

72 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Let us know if you have any questions.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:53 AM
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Hi Bea,

thanks for your question!


When you are addressing someone directly and you need to speak formally, you need to use "Lei" instead of "tu". Regardless if the person you're speaking to is a woman or a man. That means that "lei" can both mean "she" and "you", depending on the context.


Don't hesitate to leave a comment if you have other doubts!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Bea
Friday at 02:22 AM
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Hello, I have a doubt.

In the second dialogue (formal) why is it "lei" when that means she, instead of "tu" or "voi"?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:04 AM
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Hello Gunjan,


While it is not possible to slow down the audio in the Dialogue section itself, you can adjust the speed of the whole lesson to 0.5 and just skip to the dialogue.


I hope this helps!


Thanks for studying with us,

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Gunjan
Sunday at 08:58 PM
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Hello,


This is so much easy and fun to learn new language , Thank you for the effort.


Just need to confirm is it possible to add 0.5 sound effect for dialogues as it is in Vocabulary so that while leaning a per son could repeat with it.


Regards and grazie,

Gunjan

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:16 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Luciano,

thanks for leaving a comment!

There is no "right" or "wrong" approach, you need to find what works best for you. I do think 5 lessons a day can be a bit too many, especially if they cover multiple grammar points. But of course you can try for a couple of days and see if that works for you. Make sure to review what you learned before moving on to the next topic, and don't overdo it. You can also check out our Top 15 ways to start learning here: https://s3.amazonaws.com/cdn.innovativelanguage.com/sns/em/2017/Landing+Pages/cheatsheet+downloads/15_ways_to_learn.pdf


I hope this helps!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Luciano
Thursday at 10:03 PM
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Hello Team,


Thanks for this amazing language course.

could you tell, the best practice to go through this complete course.

does it make sence to repeat 5 lessons for several days?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:52 PM
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Hi Jim Eisberg,

thanks for your question!

Here are some variations. Don't take the English translation as fixed, as these expressions are simply a variation of "I'm well", and are mostly interchangeable.


Bene. (well)

Sto bene. (I'm well)

Mi sento bene. (I feel well)

Sono in forma. (I'm healthy)

Tutto ok. (everything's ok)

Tutto a posto. (everything's okay)

Non c'è male (not bad)

Non mi lamento (I can't complain)


Il mio medico dice che sto bene, ma secondo me mi prende in giro (My doctor says I'm well but I think he's just jiving me.) 😆


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:12 PM
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Hi CG,

yes, exactly 👍


Thanks for studying with us!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:55 PM
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Hi Alicat777,

thanks for your question! Remember that formal Italian only differs from informal Italian when you are directly addressing someone, using words such as "you", "your", and verbs referring to the other person (you go, you are, how are you...).


Not now, I'm busy = non adesso, sono impegnato (or "impegnata" if the speaker is female)

That can be used both in formal and informal contexts.


I hope this makes sense, let us know if you have any questions!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Jim Eisberg
Monday at 06:18 AM
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In English, you can answer "How are you?" with "I am staying well," which is not the same as "I am well," or "I am feeling well," or "I am doing well," or (my personal favorite) "My doctor says I'm well but I think he's just jiving me." How would you specify these in Italian?