Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Consuelo: Ciao a tutti. Ben venuti.
Marco: Marco here. Upper intermediate, season 1, Lesson #13. Do You Want To Buy It From the Italian Store or Do it Yourself?
Consuelo: Hi, my name is Consuelo and I am joined here by Marco.
Marco: Hello everyone and welcome back to italianpod101.com
Consuelo: What are we learning today?
Marco: In today’s class, we will focus on the preposition Da and its usage.
Consuelo: This conversation takes place in a shop.
Marco: And it’s between Claudia and Irene.
Consuelo: They will be speaking informal Italian.
Marco: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Irene: Perché siamo venute all'Ikea? Odio questo posto. Guarda quante persone!
Claudia: Dobbiamo comprare dei bicchieri. Ti sei accorta che i nostri ospiti bevono il vino nelle tazze da latte?
Irene: Ah sì, in effetti... Ieri poi eri stanca e non abbiamo parlato, ma dimmi, come è andata a New York? Hai incontrato James?
Claudia: Sì, avevo tre ore libere, sono andata da lui... Ma.. Non so, sento che ci stiamo allontanando. Questa è una relazione troppo complicata.
Irene: Clau, lui abita in America mi sembra una complicazione abbastanza grossa...
Claudia: Hai ragione, ma io voglio stare con lui... E tu? Hai chiarito con Mirco poi?
Irene: Guarda che carini questi bicchieri azzurri!
Claudia: Pronto? Ti ho fatto una domanda!
Irene: Eh? Mirco? Sì, sì adesso tutto a posto. Ti piacciono o no questi bicchieri azzurri? E' un set da sei persone, ti danno anche i sottobicchieri.
Claudia: Quanto costano?
Irene: Poco.
Claudia: Allora vanno bene.
Marco: Let’s here it slowly now.
Irene: Perché siamo venute all'Ikea? Odio questo posto. Guarda quante persone!
Claudia: Dobbiamo comprare dei bicchieri. Ti sei accorta che i nostri ospiti bevono il vino nelle tazze da latte?
Irene: Ah sì, in effetti... Ieri poi eri stanca e non abbiamo parlato, ma dimmi, come è andata a New York? Hai incontrato James?
Claudia: Sì, avevo tre ore libere, sono andata da lui... Ma.. Non so, sento che ci stiamo allontanando. Questa è una relazione troppo complicata.
Irene: Clau, lui abita in America mi sembra una complicazione abbastanza grossa...
Claudia: Hai ragione, ma io voglio stare con lui... E tu? Hai chiarito con Mirco poi?
Irene: Guarda che carini questi bicchieri azzurri!
Claudia: Pronto? Ti ho fatto una domanda!
Irene: Eh? Mirco? Sì, sì adesso tutto a posto. Ti piacciono o no questi bicchieri azzurri? E' un set da sei persone, ti danno anche i sottobicchieri.
Claudia: Quanto costano?
Irene: Poco.
Claudia: Allora vanno bene.
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Irene: Perché siamo venute all'Ikea? Odio questo posto. Guarda quante persone!
Irene: Why did we come to Ikea? I hate this place. Look at how many people!
Claudia: Dobbiamo comprare dei bicchieri. Ti sei accorta che i nostri ospiti bevono il vino nelle tazze da latte?
Claudia: We have to buy some glasses. Did you notice that our guests drink wine from milk cups?
Irene: Ah sì, in effetti... Ieri poi eri stanca e non abbiamo parlato, ma dimmi, come è andata a New York? Hai incontrato James?
Irene: Oh yeah, as a matter of fact... Yesterday you were tired and we didn't talk, but tell me, how was New York? Did you meet James?
Claudia: Sì, avevo tre ore libere, sono andata da lui... Ma.. Non so, sento che ci stiamo allontanando. Questa è una relazione troppo complicata.
Claudia: Yes, I had three hours free; I went to his place... But... I don't know. I feel that we are drifting further apart. This relationship is too complicated.
Irene: Clau, lui abita in America mi sembra una complicazione abbastanza grossa...
Irene: Clau, he lives in America, quite a big complication, I guess...
Claudia: Hai ragione, ma io voglio stare con lui... E tu? Hai chiarito con Mirco poi?
Claudia: You're right, but I want to stay with him... And you? Did you clear things up with Mirco then?
Irene: Guarda che carini questi bicchieri azzurri!
Irene: Look at how pretty these light blue glasses are!
Claudia: Pronto? Ti ho fatto una domanda!
Claudia: Hello? I've asked you a question!
Irene: Eh? Mirco? Sì, sì adesso tutto a posto. Ti piacciono o no questi bicchieri azzurri? E' un set da sei persone, ti danno anche i sottobicchieri.
Irene: Eh? Mirco? Yes, now everything is fine. Do you or don't you like these light blue glasses? It's a six-person set. They also give you coasters.
Claudia: Quanto costano?
Claudia: How much are they?
Irene: Poco.
Irene: Not much.
Claudia: Allora vanno bene.
Claudia: They're fine then.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: The girls are shopping at Ikea. Is it popular in Italy?
Consuelo: Oh yes it is. Recently more and more Ikea stores are opening.
Marco: Why? You have many skilled craftsmen who can make furniture in Italy.
Consuelo: That’s true but those are extremely expensive. It’s all a matter of money I guess.
Marco: The crisis brought Italians to save money somehow.
Consuelo: Sure in the past, the families of brand new married couple really cared about the house: good design products and good furniture. But now we are so into these fai da te style.
Marco: What is Fai da te?
Consuelo: That is DIY Do it yourself.
Marco: Ah okay! You can save money if you work hard.
Consuelo: It seems so but sometimes it is so complicated to put together a simple shelf.
Marco: Ahaha, it can be fun though.
Consuelo: For you probably. For me, it’s just tiring and boring.
Marco: If you all buy furniture at Ikea in Italy, you are going to have all the same furnishings in houses.
Consuelo: That is exactly what is happening right now.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we should see is
Consuelo: Accorgersi.
Marco: To notice, realize.
Consuelo: Accorgersi. Accorgersi.
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Ospite.
Marco: Guest.
Consuelo: Ospite. Ospite
Marco: And the next word is
Consuelo: Tazza.
Marco: Cup, mug.
Consuelo: Tazza. Tazza.
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Allontanarsi.
Marco: To drift away, go away, move away.
Consuelo: Allontanarsi. Allontanarsi
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Relazione.
Marco: Relationship, affair.
Consuelo: Relazione. Relazione
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Complicato.
Marco: Complicated.
Consuelo: Complicato. Complicato
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Abbastanza.
Marco: Enough, quite, fairly, rather.
Consuelo: Abbastanza. Abbastanza
Marco: And today’s last word is
Consuelo: Bicchiere.
Marco: Glass.
Consuelo: Bicchiere. Bicchiere.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: So Consuelo, what word are we studying today?
Consuelo: The Italian verb allontanarsi.
Marco: To drift away, to go away or to move away.
Consuelo: In the dialogue, Claudia uses this verb when describing her relationship with the American guy. She says: ci stiamo allontanando.
Marco: We are drifting further apart.
Consuelo: So this one is the more emotional meaning of this verb that is the same as in mi sto allontanando dal mio migliore amico.
Marco: I am drifting away from my best friend. Please notice that the preposition to use is Da, meaning from.
Consuelo: Well said. Allontanarsi also means to go away in more literal terms.
Marco: Al-lon-ta-nar-si. I can hear the adjective lontano far inside this word. That makes sense.
Consuelo: Si, andare lontano, to go far away.
Marco: When using it at the imperative, it can be useful I think.
Consuelo: Sure, like in: è pericoloso, allontanatevi.
Marco: It’s dangerous. Go away.
Consuelo: Remember that allontanarsi is a reflexive verb.
Marco: Good hint. Thank you Consuelo.

Lesson focus

Consuelo: Let’s take a look at today’s grammar point.
Marco: In today’s lesson, we will focus on the preposition Da and its uses.
Consuelo: Yep. We continue our trip through Italian prepositions.
Marco: Today we have Da which in English stands for since, from or by.
Consuelo: Da can have many different meanings in Italian.
Marco: Let’s go on with its articulated forms first.
Consuelo: Okay. Those are dal, dallo, dagli, dai, dalla and dalle.
Marco: Please remember. The articulated forms are the combination of the simple preposition, in this case Da, plus the definite articles.
Consuelo: Now we can go on analyzing the different uses of Da.
Marco: It is used to indicate the origin or the source of someone or something.
Consuelo: Like in: vengo da Milano.
Marco: I come from Milan.
Consuelo: Or: l’aria entra dalla finestra.
Marco: The air comes in from the window. Da is also used to express a sense of separation. For example
Consuelo: Ha divorziato da suo marito.
Marco: She divorced her husband.
Consuelo: Or: mi allontano da te.
Marco: I move away from you. The next usage covers how to indicate at the house, at the office or at a business of someone.
Consuelo: For instance: stasera, andiamo da Maria.
Marco: Tonight, we are going to Maria’s place.
Consuelo: Vado dal dentista.
Marco: I am going to the dentist.
Consuelo: Now let’s go on with the other usages for this proposition.
Marco: A common path is a verb at the present indicative plus Da plus an expression of time.
Consuelo: Like in: studio l’italiano da un anno.
Marco: I’ve been studying Italian for 1 year. We express the so called temporal meaning.
Consuelo: Da quanto tempo aspetti?
Marco: How long have you been waiting for?
Consuelo: Also, in the last case, we indicated an action that began in the past and is still going on in the present.
Marco: English in contrast uses the present perfect tense.
Consuelo: So please don’t be confused.
Marco: Good. Let’s go on now. Da is very useful in Italian.
Consuelo: Because we use it also to indicate the purpose.
Marco: Listen to the following examples.
Consuelo: Indosso un abito da sera.
Marco: I am wearing an evening dress. Here the purpose of the dress is specified.
Consuelo: Quello è un cavallo da corsa.
Marco: That is a racehorse.
Consuelo: One of the many uses of Da concerns the passive form.
Marco: In this case, in English, it is usually translated into by. Listen.
Consuelo: Un quadro dipinto da Tiziano.
Marco: A painting painted by Tiziano.
Consuelo: Or: una legge emanata dal governo.
Marco: A law enacted by the government.
Consuelo: Both statements wear the passive form, il passivo.
Marco: Da is used also to indicate the quantity or the quality of something.
Consuelo: Like in: una borsa da 100 euro.
Marco: A 100 Euro purse.
Consuelo: Una cosa da niente.
Marco: That in English is called a trifle.
Consuelo: Furthermore, the preposition Da is used in certain idiomatic expressions like: d’altra parte
Marco: On the other hand.
Consuelo: Farsi da parte
Marco: Stand aside.
Consuelo: Da parte di
Marco: From.
Consuelo: Tanto da
Marco: So much to.
Consuelo: Da morire
Marco: To die for.
Consuelo: Lastly, Da can be found in some special verbal constructions.
Marco: Such as
Consuelo: Difendersi da
Marco: To defend oneself from
Consuelo: Dipende da
Marco: To depend on
Consuelo: Tradurre da
Marco: To translate from
Consuelo: Pretendere qualcosa da qualcuno
Marco: To expect something from someone.

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Consuelo: Attention premium members, have you used the grammar bank.
Marco: The grammar bank is a one stop collection of detailed write ups on Italian grammar.
Consuelo: This is a must have tool for mastering Italian.
Marco: Learn the basic formations.
Consuelo: Read sample sentences
Marco: And study teacher tips which will really help you master the construction of the Italian language.
Consuelo: Go to the resource material section on Italianpod101.com and click grammar bank.
Marco: Arrivederci.
Consuelo: Ciao.

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