Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Marco: Hello, and welcome to the Newbie Series S2 at ItalianPOD101.com, where we study modern Italian in a fun, educational format!
Cinzia: So, brush up on the Italian that you started learning long ago, or start learning today.
Marco: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Cinzia, what are we looking at in this lesson.
Marco: In this lesson we will continue to explain the imperfetto and passato prossimo tense agreement in narrations This conversation takes place on the streets of Italy
Cinzia: And it's between John and Laura They are friends therefore they will be speaking informal Italian
Marco: Attention listners, comment,
Cinzia: comment,
Marco: and comment some more!
Cinzia: It's easy,
Marco: and asking questions really helps improve progress.
Marco: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
John: Ieri sera nevicava molto forte e mentre tornavo a casa sono scivolato!
Laura: Ti sei fatto male?
John: No, ma ero molto imbarazzato.
Laura: Perché?
John: Dei bambini mi guardavano e ridevano.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
John: Ieri sera nevicava molto forte e mentre tornavo a casa sono scivolato!
Laura: Ti sei fatto male?
John: No, ma ero molto imbarazzato.
Laura: Perché?
John: Dei bambini mi guardavano e ridevano.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
John: Ieri sera nevicava molto forte e mentre tornavo a casa sono scivolato!
Marco: Yesterday evening it was snowing very heavily and while I was going back home I slipped!
Laura: Ti sei fatto male?
Marco: Did you hurt yourself?
John: No, ma ero molto imbarazzato.
Marco: No, but I was very embarrassed.
Laura: Perché?
Marco: Why?
John: Dei bambini mi guardavano e ridevano.
Marco: Some children were looking at me and laughing.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: This January, it snowed so much in Italy!
Cinzia: Yes! Incredible snow.
Marco: There’s also a YouTube video of an Italian man skiing on a closed highway access ramp in Milan.
Cinzia: For real!
Marco: Yeah! We’ll post the link in a comment under the lesson post.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Cinzia: forte [natural native speed]
Marco: strong, powerful, loud, tough, heavy, severe
Cinzia: forte [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: forte [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: mentre [natural native speed]
Marco: while, whilst
Cinzia: mentre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: mentre [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: tornare [natural native speed]
Marco: to go back, to come back, to get back
Cinzia: tornare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: tornare [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: scivolare [natural native speed]
Marco: to slide, slip, glide
Cinzia: scivolare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: scivolare [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: farsi male [natural native speed]
Marco: to hurt oneself
Cinzia: farsi male [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: farsi male [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: imbarazzare [natural native speed]
Marco: to embarrass
Cinzia: imbarazzare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: imbarazzare [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Cinzia: The first word we will look at is
forte
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Tuo papa è molto forte.
Marco: “Your father is very strong.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
mentre
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Ascolto musica mentre viaggio in treno.
Marco: “I listen to music while I travel by train.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
tornare
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Torno subito.
Marco: “I’ll be right back.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
scivolare
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Mario è scivolato mentre correva.
Marco: “Mario slipped while he was running.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
farsi male
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Mi sono fatto male correndo.
Marco: “I hurt myself while running.”
Cinzia: Today's last word/expression is
imbarazzare
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: La ragazza era imbarazzata.
Marco: “The girl was embarrassed.”

Lesson focus

Marco: In order to better illustrate the passato prossimo and imperfetto tense agreement, consider the following short story.
Cinzia: Ieri stava piovendo. Mentre guardavo la televisione è suonato il telefono. Stavo andando a rispondere e sono caduto a terra. Stavo per rialzarmi quando il telefono ha smesso di suonare. La stanza era fredda e scura. Io ero un po' nervoso a causa del tempo. Quando ero giovane guardavo la pioggia, mi faceva pensare al futuro come infinite gocce di possibilità. Ora pensavo alla mia famiglia e sorridevo.
Marco: ""Yesterday, it was raining. While I was watching the TV, the phone rang. I was going to answer (the call), and I fell on the floor. I was about to stand up when the phone stopped ringing. The room was cold and dark. I was a bit nervous due to the weather. When I was young, I used to look at rain. It made me think about the future as infinite drops of possibilities. Now, I thought about my family and smiled.
Cinzia: The short story above presented the main contexts in which to use the imperfetto tense.
Marco: I. We use the imperfetto tense to describe the traits of the environment, situations, or animate and inanimate beings in a narration. For example
Cinzia: Ieri stava piovendo.
Marco: ""Yesterday, it was raining.""
Cinzia: La stanza era fredda e scura.
Marco: ""The room was dark and cold.""
Marco: II. We can use the imperfetto to express past, ongoing actions before they were interrupted.
Cinzia: The conjunction mentre (""while"") often precedes these actions and we can also conjugate them in the passato progressivo (past progressive) tense.
Marco: For instance
Cinzia: Mentre guardavo la televisione...
Marco: ""While I was watching the TV..."" guardavo is imperfetto
OR
Cinzia: Mentre stavo guardando la televisione...
Marco: ""While I was watching the TV..."" guardando is passato progressivo
Marco: III. Another use of the imperfetto tense is to describe the character of individuals in the past. For example
Cinzia: Io ero un po' nervoso a causa del tempo.
Marco: ""I was a bit nervous due to the weather.""
Marco: IV. We can use the imperfetto tense to describe repetitions, recurrent actions, and past habits. For example
Cinzia: Quando ero giovane mi piaceva guardare la pioggia.
Marco: ""When I was young, I liked looking at the rain."" guardare (past habit and repetition)
Cinzia: ...mi faceva pensare al futuro come...
Marco: ""...it made me think about the future as..."" pensare (recurrent action)
Marco: V. One more way in which we can use the imperfetto tense is to express two or more contemporary actions in the past.
Cinzia: Ora pensavo alla mia famiglia e sorridevo.
Marco: ""Now, I thought about my family and smiled.""
Marco: We employ the passato prossimo tense to express the main actions of the narration, which take place at a particular time. For example
Cinzia: ...è suonato il telefono.
Marco: ""...the phone rang.""
Cinzia: ...sono caduto a terra.
Marco: ""...I fell on the floor.""
Cinzia: ...il telefono ha smesso di suonare.
Marco: ""...the phone stopped ringing.""

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Cinzia: Ready to test what you just learned?
Marco: Make this lesson's vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flashcards in the learning center.
Cinzia: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards...
Marco: They work...
Cinzia: They really do help memorization.
Marco: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at
Cinzia: ItalianPod101.com.
Marco: Okay....
Marco: A presto!
Cinzia: Ciao a tutti!"

20 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:39 AM
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Ciao Roberto,

thanks for sharing this! 😄


prima le sei -> prima delle sei


Other than that, great job!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Roberto
Sunday at 10:44 PM
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Ciao tutti!

I've been learning Italian from ItalianPod101.com for a month and a half now, so I should be able to tell this story in Italian. Apologies in advance for the grammar mishaps - hopefully not that many. :)


Mi sono svegliato prima le sei stamattina perche il mio cervello ha deciso pensare a un mistero della lingua italiana. Stavo coniugando nella mia testa il verbo "salire" quando ho notato che l'imperfetto dal verbo "salire" è lo stesso che il presente da "salivare", salvo la "i" mancante en "salivamo". 🤯

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:15 PM
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Hi Kandance,


Basically they are interchangeable.

There are some exception, such as "When I was child", which in Italian should be "Quando ero bambino/a", because you were a child for a long while.

Another expression that coincides to the Italian imperfect tense is "used to".


I hope this helps,

Thank you,

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Kandace
Wednesday at 07:17 AM
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Are imperfect tense and past progressive tense always interchangeable? Is one ever preferred over the other?

hamed
Saturday at 05:25 PM
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thank you

Ken
Friday at 08:52 AM
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Grazie, Marco.

Ken

Marco
Thursday at 10:34 AM
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Grazie per i complimenti.

Here are a few corrections:


Allora, questa lezione è stupenda, meravigliosa o semplicemente grande. Mi piace particolarmente la breve storia per usare i verbi — il passato prossimo e l’imperfetto. La storia stessa era buona; comunque, specificando quale frase ha quale funzione è stato speciale. Non avevo pensato che potessi imparare ad usarli. Tante grazie.

Divertitevi con le correzioni - - se volete!

Ken
Thursday at 10:03 AM
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Marco,

Io sono molto felice che io non ero un membro quando avete avuto i molti problemi con il programma.

Allora, per questa lezione: è stupenda, meravigliosa, o semplicemente grande. Mi piacciano particolarmente la corta storia per indicare

i verbi -- la passato prossimo e l'imperfetto. La storia se stesso era buona; comunque, a specificare quale frase ha fatto quale funzione era speciale. Non avevo pensato che potrei imparare come usarli. Grazie tanta.

Divertite con le correzioni - - se volete!

Marco
Thursday at 10:14 AM
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Thanks!


Continua a seguirci.

Keep following us!

Edzia
Friday at 10:31 PM
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Italian is cool:D Keep it up

greets