Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Cinzia: Ciao a tutti!
Marco: Marco here. Newbie Series, season 1, lesson#46 - Learning the Italian Rules of Engagement.
Cinzia: Hello, everyone! I'm Cinzia, and welcome to ItalianPod101.
Marco: With us, you'll learn to speak Italian with fun and effective lessons.
Cinzia: We also provide you with cultural insights
Marco: and tips you won't find in a textbook.
Cinzia: In this lesson we shall be analyzing the presente progressivo (present progressive) tense.
Marco: This conversation takes place on the streets of Italy.
Cinzia: The conversation is between Laura and John.
Marco: The speakers are friends, therefore they will be speaking informal Italian.
Marco: Now, before we listen to the conversation...
Cinzia: We want to ask...
Marco: Do you read the lesson notes, while you listen?
Cinzia: We received an e-mail about this study tip.
Marco: So we were wondering if you've tried it, and if so,
Cinzia: what do you think of it.
Marco: You can leave us feedback in the comment section of this lesson. Okay...
Marco: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Laura: Ma, ma... Cosa stanno facendo?
John: Stanno comprando delle caldarroste.
Laura: Sta pagando lui.
John: Allora è davvero gentile.
Laura: Ora stanno andando via.
John: Li vuoi seguire?
Laura: Dai andiamo, è divertente.
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Laura: Ma, ma... Cosa stanno facendo?
John: Stanno comprando delle caldarroste.
Laura: Sta pagando lui.
John: Allora è davvero gentile.
Laura: Ora stanno andando via.
John: Li vuoi seguire?
Laura: Dai andiamo, è divertente.
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Laura: Ma, ma... Cosa stanno facendo?
Marco: But, but... What are they doing?
John: Stanno comprando delle caldarroste.
Marco: They are buying some roast chestnuts.
Laura: Sta pagando lui.
Marco: He is paying.
John: Allora è davvero gentile.
Marco: Then he is really kind.
Laura: Ora stanno andando via.
Marco: Now they are going away.
John: Li vuoi seguire?
Marco: Do you want to follow them?
Laura: Dai andiamo, è divertente.
Marco: Come on. Let's go, it's fun.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Cinzia: Ahh, caldarroste!
Marco: I guess we could go out and buy some as soon as the lesson is finished.
Cinzia: Really?
Marco: Sure, my treat, but solo se fai la brava. Only if you behave well.
Cinzia: Certo! But wait we still have to explain what caldarroste are.
Marco: Oh yes, my bad.
Cinzia: They are fresh chestnuts that have a slight slice into their skin, then cooked on a pan that has holes on the bottom.
Marco: And it takes about two minutes or less to cook them.
Cinzia: Che buone!
Marco: Very good!
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word is
Cinzia: comprare [natural native speed]
Marco: to buy, to purchase
Cinzia: comprare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: comprare [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: caldarrosta [natural native speed]
Marco: roasted chestnut
Cinzia: caldarrosta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: caldarrosta [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word is
Cinzia: pagare [natural native speed]
Marco: to pay
Cinzia: pagare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: pagare [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: gentile [natural native speed]
Marco: kind, nice, polite
Cinzia: gentile [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: gentile [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: seguire [natural native speed]
Marco: to follow
Cinzia: seguire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: seguire [natural native speed]
Marco: And last word
Cinzia: divertente [natural native speed]
Marco: funny, fun, amusing
Cinzia: divertente [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: divertente [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Cinzia: The first word we will look at is comprare.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Ho comprato della verdura e della carne per la cena di stasera.
Marco: I bought some vegetables and some meat for tonight's dinner.
Cinzia: The next word we will look at is caldarrosta.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Alla sagra della castagna possiamo mangiare dolci e caldarroste.
Marco: At the chestnut festival we can eat cakes and roast chestnuts.
Cinzia: The next word is pagare.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Quanto hai pagato quella borsa?
Marco: How much did you pay that bag?
Cinzia: Next we have gentile.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Grazie! Sei davvero gentile.
Marco: Thank you! You are really kind.
Cinzia: Next we have seguire.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Quel tipo mi sta seguendo.
Marco: That guy is following me.
Cinzia: And lastly one is divertente.
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Il film che abbiamo visto ieri sera è stato davvero divertente.
Marco: The movie we saw last night was really funny.

Lesson focus

Marco: Similarly to the presente indicativo (simple present), the presente progressivo (present progressive) is used in Italian to express ongoing actions; but be careful, stressing its progressive nature over the temporal aspect. For example
Cinzia: Mario parla con i suoi amici.
Marco: Mario's speaking with his friends.
Cinzia: Mario sta parlando con i suoi amici.
Marco: Mario's speaking with his friends.
Marco: The first sentence simply states a matter of fact, while the second sentence stresses the ongoing action of Mario speaking.
Cinzia: Please remember that differently to its English equivalent, the Italian presente progressivo can never be used to talk about planned future occurrences.
Marco: it always refers to the time at which the statement is formulated. For example...
Cinzia: Dove vai questo fine settimana?
Marco: Where are you going to this weekend?
Cinzia: Vado a Milano.
Marco: I'm going to Milan.
Cinzia: The presente progressivo is realized by conjugating the present form of the auxiliary stare
Marco: “to be”
Cinzia: according to the subject it refers to, followed by the gerundio presente of the main verb.
Marco: The gerundio presente is the present gerund, equivalent to the English “-ing” form
Cinzia: So to recap we have Subject + stare + main verb in present gerund.
Marco: Let us now take a look at the verb
Cinzia: mangiare
Marco: “to eat”
Cinzia: Io sto mangiando
Marco: I am eating
Cinzia: Tu stai mangiando
Marco: You are eating
Cinzia: Lui/lei sta mangiando
Marco: He/she/it is eating
Cinzia: Noi stiamo mangiando
Marco: We are eating
Cinzia: Voi state mangiando
Marco: You are eating
Cinzia: Loro stanno mangiando
Marco: They are eating

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Marco: Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Cinzia: The voice recording tool...
Marco: Yes, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center...
Cinzia: Record your voice with a click of a button,
Marco: and then play it back just as easily.
Cinzia: So you record your voice, and then listen to it.
Marco: Compare it to the native speakers...
Cinzia: And adjust your pronunciation!
Marco: This will help you improve your pronunciation fast!
Marco: Ciao!
Cinzia: Ciao a tutti!

20 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Link to youtube, how to cook caldarroste http://it.youtube.com/watch?v=fArEIrGNtA8

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:20 AM
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Ciao Bill,

ottimo lavoro!

I only have a minor correction for you:


Conosci quell’uomo?

No, non lo conosco, e lei non mi piace. -> I believe you meant "lui non mi piace" (I don't like him = that man)


As for your question, "ora" and "adesso" are interchangeable. :)


A presto!

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:22 AM
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Ciao Bill,


Thank you very much for sharing this with us and your fellow classmates.😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


A presto,

Levente

Team ItalianPod101.com

Bill
Saturday at 09:12 PM
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Marco, cosa stai facendo?

Ciao, Ricco! Sto guardando quella bella donna.

Dov’è lei? Ci sono alcune belle donne là.

Lei sta parlando con quell’uomo.

Ora la vedo. Hai ragione. È molto bella. La conosci?

Sì, la conosco bene.

Conosci quell’uomo?

No, non lo conosco, e lei non mi piace.

Ti piace la donna?

Sì, mi piace molto, ma non le piaccio.

Peccato! Così triste! Dai andiamo. Beviamo un bicchiere di birra.

Questa è una buona idea. Voglio bere due bicchieri di birra. Non voglio seguirla.


Is there a difference in usage between ora and adesso or are they interchangeable?

Bill
Saturday at 08:29 PM
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Hello,


In answer to the question posed early in the recording of this lesson, I try not to read the texts or transcripts while listening to the Italian speech. I think it's better ear and comprehension training when one tries not to rely on the texts. Of course the transcripts are good especially for reviewing the grammar parts, and for helping when I do not understand what is said.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:48 PM
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Hi Norojika,


Good question!

You can use "pagare" also as a transitive verb, so you can say "ho pagato la borsa 5 euro", literally meaning "I payed the bag 5 euro."

It's also correct to say "Quanto hai pagato per quella borsa?"


Thank you,

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Norojika
Monday at 02:03 AM
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In the lesson PDF, there's this sentence: "Quanto hai pagato quella borsa?". Shouldn't there be a "per"? It sounds strange to me without.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:49 PM
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Hi Heba Abed,


They are observing who is going to pay and be gentle to the other, please check out also next lesson!:smile:


Grazie!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Heba Abed
Sunday at 12:29 AM
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Hello,

The title of the lesson " Learning the Italian rules of engagement" has nothing to do with the provided dialog!

The dialog talks about buying chestnuts and I cannot figure out what you mean by rules of engagement

Consuelo
Friday at 10:19 AM
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Caro Ken,


continua a seguirci e scrivi pure commenti quando hai dubbi.


Grazie e a presto,


Consuelo

Ken
Friday at 09:07 AM
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Consuelo,

Bummer! Same mistakes.:sad: Penso che devo studiare di più e scrivere di meno.

Ken