Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Marco: Marco here. Newbie Series, Season 1, lesson #26 - Have You Read Montale’s Poems?
Cinzia: Buon giorno! I’m Cinzia.
Marco: And I’m Marco, and we’d like to welcome you to this new lesson in the Newbie Series in Italianpod101.com.
Cinzia: Thank you to listeners joining us at Italianpod101.com. We are going to teach Italian in a fun and interesting way.
Marco: So stay tuned.
Cinzia: Woh! What do we have here? Montale!
Marco: Yes, Montale is a famous Italian poet, right?
Cinzia: Did you like it?
Marco: Well, if my high school teachers actually listen to this, they would be very angry, I forgot all of his poems.
Cinzia: Oh, no, Marco, come on!
Marco: I am very bad at poetry.
Cinzia: Don't you remember Ossi di seppia? It's a very famous poem by Montale.
Marco: No, I forgot them all, I’m sorry, my internal hard disk is very limited, I don’t have enough space for all the data.
Cinzia: Oh, fine. Ok, so, I think it’s better to see the dialogue now.
Marco: Yes, and the dialogue is between Laura and John.
Cinzia: It’s in the informal speech.
Marco: And well, as you’ll notice, they’ll be talking about poetry. Before we jump in, take a look at the learning center, especially at the vocabulary flashcards that now have a audio option. You can now listen to Cinzia’s voice reading the vocabulary questions as you do the flashcards.
Cinzia: Fortunali
Marco: Lucky, lucky!
DIALOGUE
Laura: Hai letto le poesie di Eugenio Montale?
John: Ho preso la raccolta di poesie, ma io preferisco leggere la narrativa.
Laura: Allora ti consiglio di leggere i romanzi di Italo Calvino.
John: È vero che è nato a Cuba?
Laura: Sì.
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Laura: Hai letto le poesie di Eugenio Montale?
John: Ho preso la raccolta di poesie, ma io preferisco leggere la narrativa.
Laura: Allora ti consiglio di leggere i romanzi di Italo Calvino.
John: È vero che è nato a Cuba?
Laura: Sì.
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Laura: Hai letto le poesie di Eugenio Montale?
Laura: Have you read Eugenio Montale's poems?
John: Ho preso la raccolta di poesie, ma io preferisco leggere la narrativa.
John: I bought the collection of poems, but I prefer reading prose.
Laura: Allora ti consiglio di leggere i romanzi di Italo Calvino.
Laura: Then I suggest you read Italo Calvino's novels.
John: È vero che è nato a Cuba?
John: Is it true he was born in Cuba?
Laura: Sì.
Laura: Yes, it is.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: So many famous names in this short dialogue.
Cinzia: Yes, Montale and Calvino.
Marco: Well, Calvino is, yes, he was born in Cuba, but he actually stayed at my city.
Cinzia: Really?
Marco: Yes, Sanremo.
Cinzia: Oh wow!
Marco: He wrote a few books about Sanremo. One is called il sentiero dei nidi di ragno.
Cinzia: Oh yeah, I’ve read it.
Marco: Very nice, isn’t it?
Cinzia: Yes I actually love Calvino.
Marco: And the story narrated in il sentiero dei nidi di ragno actually takes place just around where I live.
Cinzia: Oh wow!
Marco: Well certainly the city has changed tremendously but you can still actually go around the places where the book is set.
Cinzia: And Marco, what about le città invisibili?
Marco: Very, very nice book but maybe the one that touched me the most was Il barone rampante.
Cinzia: Oh, I haven’t read it.
Marco: It talks about this young boy that actually then becomes a baron because his family is a very wealthy family. He decides after having argued with his family to spend his whole life on trees.
Cinzia: Oh!
Marco: And so really he spends his whole life just hanging on trees.
Cinzia: Ho wow! I am curious. Now I want to read it.
Marco: Yeah it’s very, very nice. I mean my childhood imagination was really touched by this.
Cinzia: Yes I can imagine. He is so great.
Marco: Yes, he is, but let’s move on with...
Cinzia: Vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: The first word is
Cinzia: poesia [natural native speed]
Marco: poem
Cinzia: poesia [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: poesia [natural native speed]
Marco: And the next word is
Cinzia: prendere [natural native speed]
Marco: to take, get (figuratively, to buy)
Cinzia: prendere [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: prendere [natural native speed]
Marco: And the next word is
Cinzia: ma [natural native speed]
Marco: but
Cinzia: ma [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: ma [natural native speed]
Marco: The next word is
Cinzia: preferire [natural native speed]
Marco: to prefer
Cinzia: preferire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: preferire [natural native speed]
Marco: And the next word is
Cinzia: narrativa [natural native speed]
Marco: prose
Cinzia: narrativa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: narrativa [natural native speed]
Marco: The next word is
Cinzia: allora [natural native speed]
Marco: so, then
Cinzia: allora [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: allora [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: consigliare [natural native speed]
Marco: to suggest, to advise
Cinzia: consigliare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: consigliare [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: romanzo [natural native speed]
Marco: novel
Cinzia: romanzo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: romanzo [natural native speed]
Marco: And next word
Cinzia: vero [natural native speed]
Marco: true
Cinzia: vero [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: vero [natural native speed]
Marco: And finally
Cinzia: nascere [natural native speed]
Marco: to be born
Cinzia: nascere [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: nascere [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Cinzia: Now let’s have a look at the usage for some of the words and expressions.
Marco: What a nice voice today Cinzia! You’re so….I don’t know. Such a gentle voice, what happened?
Cinzia: Oh thank you Marco. I don’t know. It’s my voice.
Marco: Okay. Let’s have the same voice for the examples then.
Cinzia: The first word we will look at is poesia.
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Scrivo una poesia.
Marco: I write a poem.
Cinzia: The next word is prendere
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Hai preso il pane?
Marco: Did you buy the bread?
Cinzia: Next word, narrativa.
Marco: And the example is
Cinzia: Non mi piace la narrativa.
Marco: I don’t like prose.
Cinzia: I like prose.
Marco: Well, with all our famous Italian writers out there, it’s actually difficult not to like Italian prose I think.
Cinzia: Actually most of our Italian writers wrote both prose and poetry.
Marco: But there is one in particular who wrote poetry in prose. Who are we talking about?
Cinzia: Dante
Marco: Yes! Dante Alighieri with La Divina Commedia. That was difficult to read.
Cinzia: But very, very interesting.
Marco: Yes. Every single word he says is actually sought out a 100,000 times I think and most of the time, it’s connected with people, facts of the time when he was writing. Cinzia, do you recommend it for our students?
Cinzia: Ahh…
Marco: Well in English.
Cinzia: Oh of course, of course I do recommend it.
Marco: So if you have time, try reading La Divina Commedia. Okay so let’s move on with the next word.
Cinzia: Which is allora
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Allora è deciso.
Marco: Then it’s settled. Next word.
Cinzia: consigliare
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Ti consiglio di guardare quel film.
Marco: I suggest you watch that movie.
Cinzia: And the next word we will see is romanzo
Marco: The example sentence is
Cinzia: Ho scritto il mio primo romanzo.
Marco: I wrote my first novel.
Cinzia: And the last word we will look at is nascere.
Marco: And the example sentence is
Cinzia: Sono nato sotto una buona stella.
Marco: I was born under a lucky star.
Cinzia: Oh what a nice sentence!
Marco: Yes, yes very nice.
Cinzia: But now let’s take a look at the grammar.

Lesson focus

Cinzia: So Marco, do you think it’s difficult?
Marco: What, the passato prossimo?
Cinzia: Yes, all the grammar we have today.
Marco: Well no, it’s actually altogether I mean we saw in the last lesson the passato prossimo of the first conjugation and today, we are going to take a look at the passato prossimo of the second conjugation.
Cinzia: Oh okay. So it’s not that difficult.
Marco: No, no, no we are just seeing it again and again because it’s important for our students to remember it.
Cinzia: Of course.
Marco: Especially because we have three conjugations plus all the regular verbs.
Cinzia: Um yes.
Marco: But let’s focus on the second conjugation but let’s not forget that the second conjugation follows the same rules as the first conjugation and now let’s take a look at the first example. That is…
Cinzia: nascere
Marco: "to be born", which has to have the auxiliary essere.
Cinzia: "to be”.
Cinzia: Io sono nato
Marco: "I was born"
Cinzia: Tu sei nato
Marco: "You were born"
Cinzia: Lui è nato
Marco: "He was born"
Cinzia: Lei è nata
Marco: "She was born"
Cinzia: Noi siamo nati
Marco: "We were born"
Cinzia: Voi siete nati
Marco: "You were born"
Cinzia: Loro sono nati
Marco: "They were born"
Cinzia: So just as we have seen in the previous lesson, we have the feminine exception.
Marco: Yes because as always, if the auxiliary is essere, the past participle has to be matched, has to agree with the gender of the subject which it refers to. For example, if Cinzia says “I was born”, she would say...
Cinzia: Io sono nata
Marco: While I would say io sono nato. very simple.
Cinzia: So very easy, yes, yes, yes.
Marco: Yes, yes, yes.
Cinzia: Oh Marco!
Marco: Now let’s take a look at another example for the second conjugation. That is…
Cinzia: leggere
Marco: "to read", which need the auxiliary avere.
Cinzia: Io ho letto
Marco: "I have read"/"I read"
Cinzia: Tu hai letto
Marco: "You have read"/"You read"
Cinzia: Lui/Lei ha letto
Marco: "He/She/It has read”/"He/She/It read"
Cinzia: Noi abbiamo letto
Marco: "We have read"/"We read"
Cinzia: Voi avete letto
Marco: "You have read"/"You read"
Cinzia: Loro hanno letto
Marco: "They have read"/"They read"

Outro

Cinzia: Bellissimo.
Marco: Very straightforward.
Cinzia: E facilisimo.
Marco: Yes, yes. So I think we can say goodbye to our students and let them go and study these verbs by heart.
Cinzia: Yes, dear listeners, study the passato prossimo and be ready for the next lesson.
Marco: And the test. Oh! We didn’t tell them…
Cinzia: Oh…
Marco: We are going to have tests in the future. No, we are joking, don’t worry. Just study and have fun with us.
Cinzia: Yes. The most important thing is that you have fun with us.
Marco: And that you write comments. Please write us any comment, anything. Please let us grow with your comments.
Cinzia: Oh yes, maybe you could write me a love poem.
Marco: Me?
Cinzia: No, my listeners.
Marco: Okay. If you want to waste time, please do.
Cinzia: It’s not a waste of time.
Marco: Okay. Time is finished. Bye bye everybody.
Cinzia: Ciao!
Marco: Ciao ciao!

11 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Has anyone read Italo Calvino's books?

ItalianPod101.com
Wednesday at 01:27 AM
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Hi DebraP,

thanks for your comment. Actually, aside from the word "poesia" itself, the vocabulary is pretty generic. They could as well be talking about their favorite singer, and only a few words would be different.

We have lots of dialogues about different subjects, so that everyone can find something relatable for them. I'm sure you'll find something to your liking, as well 😉


Sincerely,

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

ItalianPod101.com
Wednesday at 01:18 AM
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Hi Barbara,

thanks for your comment, it's good to hear you enjoy the material on the site!

Maybe you'll be soon able to read some bits in Italian, as well 😉


Thanks for studying with us.

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

DebraP
Friday at 03:02 AM
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This dialogue nor subject relates to a beginner.....not many ordinary people need a vocabulary about poems. Why don't you dialogue a subject more relatable? 😞😳.

B
Thursday at 10:59 PM
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Barbara Extremely useful. Worth printing out. Thank you.


Yes, I have read some of Italo Calvino - but only in English.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:53 AM
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Hi Brij,


The rule is this:

-are verbs loose -are ending and get -ato => lavor-are, lavor-ato

-ere verbs loose -ere ending and get -uto => manten-ere, manten-uto

-ire verbs loose -ire ending and get -ito => sent-ire, sent-ito


Though there are many exceptions, learning this rule is the best way to get started!


Thank you,

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Brij
Thursday at 01:00 AM
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Hello guys, how do you form past participle of verbs? Is there a rule for forming it? like eding it all in -to?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:35 PM
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Hi Marcelo,

there is no difference. You can say both: "Ho comprato la raccolta di poesie" or "Ho preso la raccolta di poesie."

A presto!

Chiara

Team ItalianPod101.com

Marcelo
Thursday at 07:52 AM
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What is the difference between "preso" and "comprato" and why not say "Ho comprato la raccolta di poesie"?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:32 AM
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Hi,

It's part of a Trilogy called "I nostri antenati" (Our Ancestors). If you have time, try to get the French or English translation. The trilogy is hilarious! :wink:


Gianluca


Team ItalianPod101.com

petiteclaire
Tuesday at 09:08 PM
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I've heard a lot about "Il barone rampante", and read excerpts of it when I was on school. It was very nice !