Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Cinzia: Buon giorno a tutti! Mi chiamo Cinzia.
Marco: Marco here. Newbie Series, season 1, lesson 21 - How Much is Too Much? Buon giorno a tutti! Hi! My name is Marco and I'm joined here by Cinzia! Come stai Cinzia!
Cinzia: Bene, grazie, ma oggi fa caldissimo, Marco.
Marco: But today it's very hot isn't it?
Cinzia: Yes! It's really hot!
Marco: Caldissimo means very hot, right?
Cinzia: Yes.
Marco: In this lesson we will take a look at some of the most common frequency adverbs.
Cinzia: This conversation takes place at a train station.
Marco: And it is between John and Laura.
Cinzia: They are friends, therefore they will be speaking informal Italian.
DIALOGUE
John: Laura, che fai nel tempo libero?
Laura: Leggo spesso i romanzi di fantascienza. E tu?
John: Leggo a volte i romanzi d’amore e ascolto musica pop italiana.
Laura: Interessante, io preferisco il rock classico, conosci i Pink Floyd?
John: Li adoro!
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
John: Laura, che fai nel tempo libero?
Laura: Leggo spesso i romanzi di fantascienza. E tu?
John: Leggo a volte i romanzi d’amore e ascolto musica pop italiana.
Laura: Interessante, io preferisco il rock classico, conosci i Pink Floyd?
John: Li adoro!
Marco: And now, with the translation.
John: Laura, che fai nel tempo libero?
John: Laura, what do you do in your free time?
Laura: Leggo spesso i romanzi di fantascienza. E tu?
Laura: I often read science fiction novels. And you?
John: Leggo a volte i romanzi d’amore e ascolto musica pop italiana.
John: I sometimes read romantic novels and listen to Italian pop music.
Laura: Interessante, io preferisco il rock classico, conosci i Pink Floyd?
Laura: Interesting. I prefer classic rock. Do you know Pink Floyd?
John: Li adoro!
John: I love them!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Cinzia: So Marco, I have a great romantic novel to lend you!
Marco: To lend me? Or to lend John?
Cinzia: To lend you! Don't you read romantic novels?
Marco: No, no John does! John's is a strange fellow, well he's just a normal fellow I guess!
Cinzia: Ahahah!
Marco: So Cinzia, what about you? Do you read romanzi di fantascienza?
Cinzia: Yes, of course, I like romanzi di fantascienza, science fiction romance... science fiction novels.
Marco: What is this science fiction romance you've been reading?
Cinzia: What do you mean?
Marco: No you just said it.
Cinzia: Ah well, I was just thinking about a kind of romance somewhere in another age, I don't know, I just got confused, sorry, Marco!
Marco: Ok, she is daydreaming again! Sorry, people.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let us take a look at today’s vocabulary. First...
Cinzia: fare [natural native speed]
to do, to make, to build
Cinzia: fare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: fare [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Marco: tempo libero [natural native speed]
Marco: free time, spare time
Marco: tempo libero [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marco: tempo libero [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: leggere [natural native speed]
Marco: to read
Cinzia: leggere [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: leggere [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Marco: romanzo [natural native speed]
Marco: novel
Marco: romanzo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marco: romanzo [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: a volte [natural native speed]
Marco: sometimes
Cinzia: a volte [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: a volte [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Marco: fantascienza [natural native speed]
Marco: science fiction
Marco: fantascienza [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marco: fantascienza [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Cinzia: ascoltare [natural native speed]
Marco: to listen
Cinzia: ascoltare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: ascoltare [natural native speed]
Marco: Next word
Marco: preferire [natural native speed]
Marco: to prefer
Marco: preferire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Marco: preferire [natural native speed]
Marco: And last word
Cinzia: adorare [natural native speed]
Marco: to worship, to love, to like
Cinzia: adorare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: adorare [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Cinzia: Let’s have a look at the usage for some of the words and expressions. The first expression we will look at is tempo libero.
Marco: Cinzia, can you give us an example please?
Cinzia: Non ho tempo libero.
Marco: I don’t have any free time.
Cinzia: leggere
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Leggo il giornale.
Marco: I read the newspaper.
Cinzia: romanzi
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Leggi i romanzi?
Marco: Do you read novels?
Cinzia: a volte
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: A volte non ti capisco Marco.
Marco: Sometimes I don't understand you Marco.
Cinzia: Can I make a change? I want to change a volte in spesso?
Marco: Now, this is not a TV game where you can buy something or change vocals or something, so let's go on.
Cinzia: Ok, sorry, I was just telling the truth!
Marco: This is not la Ruota della Fortuna, with Mike Bongiorno!
Cinzia: Ahahaha!
Marco: Is still Mike Bongiorno on?
Cinzia: Yes, of course, Mike Bongiorno is Highlander!
Marco: Yes, and it's actually creepy, and before we forget, la Ruota della Fortuna is?
Cinzia: The wheel of fortune! Marco as always of course, you are so old style!
Marco: No, no...
Cinzia: That's why you like La Ruota della Fortuna!
Marco: I can just say no.
Cinzia: You like Ok, il prezzo è giusto with Iva Zanicchi?
Marco: You know I'm actually good, I'm actually good at that!
Cinzia: Really?
Marco: Yep. Before we forget O, il prezzo è giusto is The price is right.
Cinzia: And wait Marco, we shall see the last verb, adorare... You know how to use this verb! Come on, tell me you adore me.
Marco: No, adoro la cucina italiana! Oh actually it was your line!
Cinzia: Fine, but come on, say the truth! Ok, let's go to the grammar point!
Marco: We still have to translate Adoro la cucina italiana.
Cinzia: I love Italian cuisine!
Marco: Ok, this wraps it up for the vocabulary usage. On we go!

Lesson focus

Marco: In today’s lesson we will take a look at frequency adverbs. Frequency adverbs, what are those?
Cinzia: Marco! Don’t you know frequency adverbs?
Marco: I frequently forget frequency adverbs.
Cinzia: They are avverbi di frequenza. Come on, Marco!
Marco: Ok, that in Italian means frequency adverbs, so avverbi di frequenza. Cinzia, please tell me and everybody else, what is the function of frequency adverbs?
Cinzia: Yes, of course. So frequency adverbs are used to provide additional information regarding how often the subject performs a certain action.
Marco: Ok...
Cinzia: And this frequency is conveyed in relative terms, so this means it does not relate to an absolute time measure.
Marco: Oh, like, for example, “twice a week”?
Cinzia: Yes,twice a week, once a month.
Marco: Once a year, or whatever.
Cinzia: Yes, so they just specify a relative time measure.
Marco: Ok, a few examples then.
Cinzia: For example, we have sempre
Marco: “always”
Cinzia: and spesso
Marco: “often”
Cinzia: raramente
Marco: “rarely, seldom”, we did see spesso, “often”, in the dialog didn't we?
Cinzia: Yes of course!
Marco: So let's hear that phrase again!
Cinzia: So it was Laura saying to John, leggo spesso i romanzi di fantascienza.
Marco: And in English it means “I often read science fiction novels.” So we don’t know if she reads science fiction novels everyday, but we do know she often reads them.
Cinzia: So, many times.
Marco: Relatively many times.
Cinzia: As you can see in this phrase we have the adverb “often”, spesso, positioned after the verb. Actually this is a general rule, because frequency adverbs normally are positioned after the verb, in simple tenses.
Marco: OK So for example, io mangio spesso la pizza, “I often eat pizza.” We have io mangio, and then
Cinzia: ... spesso
Marco: Verb, and then...
Cinzia: frequency adverb... instead, in the compound tenses the frequency adverbs are normally positioned after the main verb past participle.
Marco: Yes, so here’s a short example for passato prossimo tense, which we should cover in later lessons, and it is, io ho parlato spesso a John, "I have often talked to John." Please note that spesso is after io ho parlato, the main verb past participle.
Cinzia: Please remember that the syntax of frequency adverbs may be changed in order to obtain diverse and more refined stylistic effects. Then what else did we see in the dialog?
Marco: Well, we did see the verb fare. What does it mean?
Cinzia: “To do”, “to make”,
Marco: Yes, and it is one of the most frequently used Italian verbs. I actually remember one of my high school Italian grammar teachers, that she printed a page from a dictionary with fare with its synonyms and told us, whenever you can, actually always, she actually said sempre, to use synonyms of fare unless you are forced to by the situation, because using fare in every single sentence actually make the conversation dull.
Cinzia: Yes this is true, Marco, this is actually true. But we have to say there are some cases that fare is appropriate.
Marco: Yes, for example, “please, make me an offer”.
Cinzia: Per favore fammi un'offerta.
Cinzia: Then, similarly to its English equivalent the verb preferire, “to prefer”, may be followed by either a direct object or a verb.
Marco: Yes. And finally, the last verb we saw today, was adorare, right?
Cinzia: Yes.
Marco: And it means?
Cinzia: To worship.
Marco: yes, to worship. And it really means “to love something intensely”, to really be a fan of something. For example in the dialogue, Laura said adoro i Pink Floyd, right?

Outro

Cinzia: Yes. And that’s it for today’s lesson.
Marco: Don't forget to check out the lesson transcript and the PDF on ItalianPod101.com.
Cinzia: And always feel free to use our forum for your questions.
Marco: And if you like to leave a comment we’ll be happy to answer back.
Cinzia: Vieni a trovarci! Drop by!
Marco: Ciao!
Cinzia: Ciao ciao!

38 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Cosa fai nel tempo libero? What do you do in your free time?

ItalianPod101.com
Wednesday at 11:43 PM
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Hi May,

"fare" is one of the 4 irregular verbs of the first conjugation (verbs ending in -are). Irregular means that there isn't a single stem, so you'll just have to memorize it.

You can find the present tense of "fare" here:

https://www.italianpod101.com/lesson/lower-beginner-3-lets-hang-out-this-weekend-in-italy/


Hope this helps!

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

May
Thursday at 07:03 PM
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Ciao,

I saw fari, facevi, Faccio, and fai in the sample sentences. I felt like fare is a stem, and where I can find a lesson to introduce about it? Thank you.


May


ItalianPod101.com
Saturday at 05:44 AM
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Ciao Andrea,


You should say "mi piace" or "a me piace", without "io". That's because the verb "piacere" has a peculiar construction.

A closer translation of "a me piace X" is "to me X is pleasing".


Other than that, good job!


A presto

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Andrea
Thursday at 08:51 AM
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Correction. I meant "nel", not "lel"

Andrea
Thursday at 08:50 AM
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Io mi piaci a fare lavoro con lenga lel tempo libero. I like to do wood working in my spare time. Did I say that correctly?

ItalianPod101.com
Wednesday at 09:52 PM
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Hi Agustino,


Please check out this lesson:

How do Reflexive Verbs Work?

https://www.italianpod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-marika-18-how-do-reflexive-verbs-work/


Should you need extra help with grammar, check out our grammar banks:

https://www.italianpod101.com/italian-grammar/


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team ItalianPod101.com

Agustino
Wednesday at 03:01 PM
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where could I find the reflexive verbs uses lessons?

Agustino
Wednesday at 02:56 PM
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It is really interesting and educating. You do a great service. Thank you.

ItalianPod101.com
Friday at 08:27 AM
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Hi Nadia,


"Cosa" is a pronoun and you can't ever use it before a noun (ex. "cosa ascolti?" - "what are you listening to?")

"Che" can be both a pronoun and an adjective, so you can use it either by itself or with a noun (ex. "che musica ascolti?" - "what (type of) music do you listen to?" or "che ascolti?" - "what are you listening to?").


I hope this helps!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Nadia
Thursday at 07:39 PM
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Hi there... looking forward to hearing a response to my question about when to use cosa and when to use and che? I’m confused. Thanks