Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Asia: Hi everyone, I'm Asia.
Daniele: And I'm Daniele.
Asia: And welcome to Must-Know Italian Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 4. Using Adjectives to Describe.
Asia: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something using an adjective.
PATTERN
Asia: For example,
Asia: "That book is interesting."
Daniele: Quel libro è interessante.
Daniele: [slow] Quel libro è interessante.
Asia: The pattern for describing something using an adjective has 4 elements. First, a demonstrative adjective, in this case "that."
Daniele: Quel.
Asia: Second, a noun, in this case "book."
Daniele: libro.
Asia: Third, the verb "to be", conjugated in the third person singular.
Daniele: è.
Asia: And last, an adjective, in this case "interesting."
Daniele: interessante.
Asia: Altogether, we have.. "That book is interesting."
Daniele: Quel libro è interessante. [slow] Quel libro è interessante. [normal] Quel libro è interessante.
Asia: In Italian, the demonstrative adjective
Daniele: quel
Asia: “that”, describes an object or a person that is not close to the speaker. It always precedes the noun it refers to. Like all adjectives, it is modified by the gender and the number of the noun.
Daniele: Quel
Asia: refers only to the masculine, singular nouns.
Laura: Quella
Asia: refers to a feminine singular noun, for example..
Daniele: quella casa,
Asia: “that house”
Daniele: Quel libro è interessante.
Asia: So remember that to indicate that an object is far from the speaker, say
Daniele: quel
Asia: when it’s a masculine, singular noun, or say...
Daniele: quella
Asia: ...when it’s a feminine singular noun.
Asia: Here is another example meaning, "That painting is an antique." First, the demonstrative adjective, in this case "that."
Daniele: Quel.
Asia: Second, the noun, in this case "painting."
Daniele: quadro.
Asia: Third, the verb "to be", conjugated in the third person singular.
Daniele: è.
Asia: And last, an adjective, in this case "antique."
Daniele: antico.
Asia: Altogether we have..
Daniele: Quel quadro è antico. [slow] Quel quadro è antico. [normal] Quel quadro è antico.
Asia: "That painting is antique."
[pause]
Daniele: Quel quadro è antico.
Asia: How do you say - "That sofa is comfortable"? To give you a hint, "comfortable" is..
Daniele: comodo. [slow] comodo. [normal] comodo.
Asia: That sofa is comfortable
[pause]
Daniele: Quel divano è comodo [slow] Quel divano è comodo [normal] Quel divano è comodo
[pause]
Daniele: Quel divano è comodo
REVIEW
Asia: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Italian. Here we go.
Asia: "That book is interesting."
[pause]
Daniele: Quel libro è interessante.
[pause]
Daniele: Quel libro è interessante.
Asia: "That painting is an antique."
[pause]
Daniele: Quel quadro è antico.
[pause]
Daniele: Quel quadro è antico.
Asia: "That sofa is comfortable"
[pause]
Daniele: Quel divano è comodo
[pause]
Daniele: Quel divano è comodo

Outro

Asia: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something using an adjective, as in..
Daniele: Quel libro è interessante.
Asia: meaning "That book is interesting."
Asia: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on ItalianPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Daniele: A presto!

11 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Try describing what you have in front of you now.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:57 PM
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Hi Daniel,

thanks for your question.


1- Use quello before singular masculine words starting with Z, S+consonant, Y, PS. (quello zaino, quello studente, quello yogurt, quello psicologo)

2- Use quell' before singular masculine AND feminine words starting with a vowel (quell'orologio, quell'arancia)

3- Use quel before singular masculine words starting with a different consonant than those in point 1 (quel bambino, quel libro, quel cane)


Hope this helps!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Daniel
Tuesday at 08:26 PM
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What is the difference between Quel and Quello?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:15 AM
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Ciao Dina T Campos,

you're right, thanks for pointing that out! We'll have the mistakes fixed as soon as possible.


A presto,

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Dina T Campos
Saturday at 01:55 PM
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There is a mistake on “that: feminine plural, it says “questa” when it should be “quella”

And is picciono correct, or is it piacciono.?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:42 AM
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Ciao Bill,

tutto perfetto! Ottimo lavoro 👍


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Bill
Saturday at 12:25 AM
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Quel portatile è caro. Quella tazzina è grande. Quel telefono cellulare è antico.


Tutti é beni?


Grazie e ciao!

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:49 AM
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Ciao E,

molto bene, perfetto!


Let us know if you have any questions.

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

E
Thursday at 10:47 PM
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Quel telefono è piccolo.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:47 AM
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Hi Katryn,

thanks for your question.


The meaning is the same ("that").

Use QUELLO in front of words starting with Z, S+CONSONANT, X, GN, PS (just remember the first two, as very few Italian words start with x, gn or ps)..


Use QUEL in all other cases.


Examples:


Quello zio = that uncle

Quello studente = that student


Quel bambino = that child

Quel sito = that site


Cheers,

Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Katryn
Wednesday at 06:36 AM
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Buona sera,


Quando usiamo 'quel' o 'quello' ? Qual è a differenza?


Molto grazie,

Kat