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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Asia: Hi everyone, I'm Asia.
Daniele: And I'm Daniele.
Asia: And welcome to Must-Know Italian Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 24. Describing Excess with Quantifiers.
Asia: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing excess.
PATTERN
Asia: For example, "There is too much noise here."
Daniele: C'è troppo rumore qui.
Daniele: [slow] C'è troppo rumore qui.
Asia: The pattern for describing excess has 4 elements. First, the verb “there is” or “there are.” In this case, "there is."
Daniele: C'è.
Asia: Second, an adverb, meaning "too much."
Daniele: troppo.
Asia: Third, a noun, in this case the noun "noise."
Daniele: rumore.
Asia: And last, an adverb, in this case the adverb "here."
Daniele: qui.
Asia: Altogether, we have, "There is too much noise here."
Daniele: C'è troppo rumore qui. [slow] C'è troppo rumore qui. [normal] C'è troppo rumore qui.
Asia: Start with the verb meaning "there is/there are," conjugated in the third person singular or plural according to the following subject.
Daniele: c’è or ci sono
Asia: The verb is followed by the adjective "too much" in the masculine or feminine, singular or plural form, according to the subject.
Daniele: the masculine singular form is troppo
Asia: The subject, a noun or a noun phrase, is followed by a final complement, either an adverb, a prepositional phrase or an adjective.
Daniele: C'è troppo rumore qui.
Asia: So remember to describe excess, start with "there is" or "there are," followed by the adverb "too much." Then add the subject and finally, the complement.
Asia: Here's another example meaning, "There are too many people in the house." First, the verb there is/there are, in this case "there is" because the word for “people” in Italian is a singular noun.
Daniele: C'è.
Asia: Second, an adverb meaning "too many"
Daniele: troppa.
Asia: Third, a noun, in this case the noun "people."
Daniele: gente.
Asia: And last, a prepositional phrase, in this case "in the house."
Daniele: in casa.
Asia: Altogether we have...
Daniele: C'è troppa gente in casa. [slow] C'è troppa gente in casa. [normal] C'è troppa gente in casa.
Asia: "There are too many people in the house."
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppa gente in casa.
Asia: How do you say - "There is too much wind in this town." To give you a hint, "wind in this town" is...
Daniele: vento in questa città. [slow] vento in questa città. [normal] vento in questa città.
Asia: "There is too much wind in this town."
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppo vento in questa città. [slow] C'è troppo vento in questa città. [normal] C'è troppo vento in questa città.
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppo vento in questa città.
REVIEW
Asia: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Italian. Here we go.
Asia: "There is too much noise here."
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppo rumore qui.
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppo rumore qui.
Asia: "There are too many people in the house."
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppa gente in casa.
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppa gente in casa.
Asia: "There is too much wind in this town."
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppo vento in questa città.
[pause]
Daniele: C'è troppo vento in questa città.

Outro

Asia: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing excess, as in...
Daniele: C'è troppo rumore qui.
Asia: meaning "There is too much noise here."
Asia: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on ItalianPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Daniele: A presto!

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Monday at 06:30 PM
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