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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Asia: Hi everyone, I'm Asia.
Daniele: And I'm Daniele.
Asia: And welcome to Must-Know Italian Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 15. Making Negative Commands.
Asia: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for requesting that someone refrain from doing something, in an informal way.
PATTERN
Asia: For example, "Don't eat too much."
Daniele: Non mangiare troppo.
Daniele: [slow] Non mangiare troppo.
Asia: The pattern for informally requesting that someone refrain from doing something has 3 elements. First, the negative adverb meaning "not."
Daniele: Non.
Asia: Second, a verb in the infinitive form, so in this case "to eat."
Daniele: mangiare.
Asia: And last, an adverb, meaning "too much."
Daniele: troppo.
Asia: Altogether, we have, "Don't eat too much."
Daniele: Non mangiare troppo. [slow] Non mangiare troppo. [normal] Non mangiare troppo.
Asia: Start with the negative adverb meaning “not”
Daniele: non
Asia: followed by an infinitive verb. The sentence may finish with a complement. The complement can be either a phrase, an adverb, a noun, a noun phrase, a phrasal verb, or something else.
Daniele: Non mangiare troppo.
Asia: So remember, for the informal negative commands, the negative adverb is followed by a verb in the infinitive form. Lastly, add a complement.
Asia: Here's another example meaning, "Don't drink alcohol." First, the negative adverb meaning "not."
Daniele: Non.
Asia: Second, a verb in the infinitive form, in this case "to drink."
Daniele: bere.
Asia: Third, noun, in this case "alcohol."
Daniele: alcol.
Asia: Altogether we have...
Daniele: Non bere alcol. [slow] Non bere alcol. [normal] Non bere alcol.
Asia: "Don't drink alcohol."
[pause]
Daniele: Non bere alcol.
Asia: How do you say - "Don’t speak in English." To give you a hint, "to speak" is...
Daniele: parlare. [slow] parlare. [normal] parlare.
Asia: "Don’t speak in English."
[pause]
Daniele: Non parlare in inglese. [slow] Non parlare in inglese. [normal] Non parlare in inglese.
[pause]
Daniele: Non parlare in inglese.
REVIEW
Asia: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in Italian. Here we go.
Asia: "Don't eat too much."
[pause]
Daniele: Non mangiare troppo.
[pause]
Daniele: Non mangiare troppo.
Asia: "Don't drink alcohol."
[pause]
Daniele: Non bere alcol.
[pause]
Daniele: Non bere alcol.
Asia: "Don't speak in English."
[pause]
Daniele: Non parlare in inglese.
[pause]
Daniele: Non parlare in inglese.

Outro

Asia: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for informally requesting someone to refrain from doing something, as in...
Daniele: Non mangiare troppo.
Asia: meaning "Don't eat too much."
Asia: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on ItalianPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Daniele: A presto!

3 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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How would you tell someone "don't run in the hallway"?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:34 PM
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Hi Jeanette Cook,


That is correct!:smile:

Brava!


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Jeanette Cook
Saturday at 01:19 PM
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Ciao!


Non correre nel corridoio!


Jeanette ?