Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Consuelo: Buongiorno a tutti.
Marco: Marco here. Lower intermediate series, season 2, Lesson 24. I Am Jealous of What You Did Last Night in Italy. Hi, my name is Marco and I am joined here by Consuelo. How are you Consuelo?
Consuelo: I am fine, thank you. E tu Marco, come stai?
Marco: Io sto bene, grazie. In today’s class, we will focus on tense agreement between the main and secondary clauses.
Consuelo: This conversation takes place at home.
Marco: The conversation is between Mario and Giulia.
Consuelo: The speakers are friends. Therefore they will be speaking informally. Remember, commenting each day
Marco: And posting in the forum are two great ways to get answers.
Consuelo: Community members
Marco: And staff are all ready to help.
Consuelo: Definitely take advantage.
Marco: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Giulia: Perchè non sei venuto al concerto?
Mario: Mi dispiace, ma ho avuto un impegno improvviso.
Giulia: Comunque è stato entusiasmante.
Mario: Davvero? Che invidia!
Giulia: Anche Jack dice che è stato sensazionale!
Mario: Spero che non sia esausto quel ragazzo.
Giulia: Mah, diceva che era completamente senza forze.
Mario: Perfetto. Proprio domani che trasmettiamo la partita al bar e ci saranno decine di tifosi scatenati...
Marco: Let’s here it slowly now.
Giulia: Perchè non sei venuto al concerto?
Mario: Mi dispiace, ma ho avuto un impegno improvviso.
Giulia: Comunque è stato entusiasmante.
Mario: Davvero? Che invidia!
Giulia: Anche Jack dice che è stato sensazionale!
Mario: Spero che non sia esausto quel ragazzo.
Giulia: Mah, diceva che era completamente senza forze.
Mario: Perfetto. Proprio domani che trasmettiamo la partita al bar e ci saranno decine di tifosi scatenati...
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Giulia: Perchè non sei venuto al concerto?
Giulia: Why didn't you come to the concert?
Mario: Mi dispiace, ma ho avuto un impegno improvviso.
Mario: I'm sorry, but I had an unexpected appointment.
Giulia: Comunque è stato entusiasmante.
Giulia: Anyway, it was exciting.
Mario: Davvero? Che invidia!
Mario: Really? I'm so jealous!
Giulia: Anche Jack dice che è stato sensazionale!
Giulia: Even Jack says it was stunning!
Mario: Spero che non sia esausto quel ragazzo.
Mario: I hope that guy is not exhausted.
Giulia: Mah, diceva che era completamente senza forze.
Giulia: Well, he said he was completely worn out.
Mario: Perfetto. Proprio domani che trasmettiamo la partita al bar e ci saranno decine di tifosi scatenati…
Mario: Perfect. Tomorrow, we are airing the match at the bar and there will be tons of wild fans...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: Hey Consuelo, is it common to watch matches in Italian bars?
Consuelo: Oh yes it’s very popular and if we say la partita, meaning the match, you probably know about which sport we are talking about.
Marco: Hmm let me guess. Is it soccer?
Consuelo: Of course Marco. The most popular sport in Italy. If you say you are watching a match, everybody knows you are talking about soccer. You don’t even need to specify.
Marco: I see. So who goes to watch a match in bars?
Consuelo: That’s simple. All the supporters who cannot go to the stadium.
Marco: Ah but they scream and shout also in bars, right?
Consuelo: That’s true. It is also an occasion to talk with people you don’t know.
Marco: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: The first word we shall see is
Consuelo: Improvviso.
Marco: Unexpected, sudden.
Consuelo: Improvviso. Improvviso.
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Entusiasmante.
Marco: Exciting, fascinating.
Consuelo: Entusiasmante. Entusiasmante.
Marco: And the next word is
Consuelo: Sensazionale.
Marco: Stunning, sensational, striking.
Consuelo: Sensazionale. Sensazionale.
Marco: And next we have
Consuelo: Esausto.
Marco: Exhausted, whacked, worn-out.
Consuelo: Esausto. Esausto.
Marco: And the next word is
Consuelo: Completamente.
Marco: Completely, totally, fully.
Consuelo: Completamente. Completamente.
Marco: And finally we have
Consuelo: Trasmettere.
Marco: Transmit, send, broadcast.
Consuelo: Trasmettere. Trasmettere.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Consuelo, which expression are we studying today?
Consuelo: That’s the Italian expression “che invidia”.
Marco: Literally what envy, what jealousy or also translated as I am so envious, I am so jealous.
Consuelo: We use it quite often and it does have a strong meaning.
Marco: For instance.
Consuelo: Parti per le Maldive? Mamma che invidia! Meaning you are leaving for Maldives? I am so jealous.
Marco: But can I use it in an ironic way?
Consuelo: Sure if one of your friends is doing or having something you would never do, you could say for example: a pranzo con la suocera oggi? Che invidia.
Marco: Today, you had lunch with your mother-in-law? I am so jealous.
Consuelo: Perfect. You could say it exactly in that way.
Consuelo: Let’s take a look at today’s grammar point.

Lesson focus

Marco: The focus of this lesson is on tense agreement between the main and secondary clauses. In addition, we will study the reference words of the first group, delving into its two categories.
Consuelo: The tense agreement between the main and secondary clauses depends on whether the action of the secondary clause takes place before, at the time of, or after the action expressed in the main clause.
Marco: The tense agreement describes exclusively the temporal connection between main and secondary clauses according to what kind of correlation we wish to express.
Consuelo: Please note that although there are some similarities, the tense agreement does not translate literally into English.
Marco: We strongly suggest you learn the Italian one without translating it into English because this procedure mirrors out to be really misleading.
Consuelo: We have two main groups of tense agreement according to whether the verb of the main clause calls for the subjunctive mood or not.
Marco: Each group is further subdivided into two categories according to what tense the verb of the main clause is conjugated in.
Consuelo: In today’s class, we will study the two categories of the first group.
Marco: The first group concerns main clauses whose verbs do not call for the subjunctive mood. These categories compose of the main clause at the present tense. In the following case, the secondary clause indicates posteriority and it uses the indicative simple future.
Consuelo: Mario dice che tu sarai felice.
Marco: Mario says that you will be happy. In the next example, the secondary clause indicates contemporaneity and it uses the indicative simple present.
Consuelo: Mario dice che tu sei felice.
Marco: Mario says that you are happy. In the next case, the secondary clause indicates anteriority and it uses the indicative imperfect or passato prossimo.
Consuelo: Mario dice che tu eri felice.
Marco: Indicative imperfect.
Consuelo: Mario dice che tu sei stato felice.
Marco: Passato prossimo. Now let’s continue with the second category which is composed of the main clause at the past tense. In this first case, the secondary clause indicates posteriority and it uses the past conditional.
Consuelo: Mario diceva...
Marco: Or
Consuelo: ha detto...
Marco: Or
Consuelo: disse che tu saresti stato felice.
Marco: Mario said that you will be happy. In the following example, the secondary clause indicates contemporaneousness. And it uses the indicative imperfect.
Consuelo: Mario diceva...
Marco: Or
Consuelo: ha detto...
Marco: Or
Consuelo: disse che tu eri felice.
Marco: Mario said that you were happy. In the last example, the secondary clause indicates anteriority and it uses the indicative pluperfect.
Consuelo: Mario diceva...
Marco: Or
Consuelo: ha detto...
Marco: Or
Consuelo: disse che tu eri stato felice.
Marco: Mario said that you had been happy.

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today. Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Consuelo: The voice recording tool
Marco: Yes the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Consuelo: Record your voice with a click of a button.
Marco: And then play it back just as easily.
Consuelo: So you record your voice and listen to it.
Marco: Compare it to the native speakers
Consuelo: And adjust your pronunciation.
Marco: This will help you improve your pronunciation fast. A presto.
Consuelo: Ciao.

11 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Awesome website.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:38 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Prego Antonette!


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Antonette
Friday at 10:42 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Gracie!

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 04:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Antonette,


"Proprio domani" literally means "Exactly tomorrow" and highlights the coincidence of two situations/events happening on the same day.


A presto,

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Antonette
Thursday at 10:25 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Why is it "proprio domani" and not just "domani."

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:42 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao Donna,


Thank you for posting!

A lower intermediate learner is someone who has mastered the basic grammar and needs to study more details and words.

An upper intermediate is someone who knows very well grammar and wants to become advanced, to be able to speak fluently as a native speaker.

Nevertheless our courses can be approached in different ways. You can try a lesson from any level just because you think that the content is interesting and useful for you. If you have any difficulty, you can always leave us a comment!


Grazie e a presto!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Donna
Wednesday at 10:51 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao tutti

Sono Americana e piacere questa podcast! I am American and like this podcast!

I consider myself an intermediate but not quite upper intermediate. In you opinion what are the differences between lower and upper intermediates. Grazie Mille! Thanks a lot!☺️

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:12 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao Francesa, or Francesca??:roll:


Where did you study Italian? If you need to practise more you can leave comments in Italian sometimes and I reply to you as soon as possible.


Grazie infinite per il tuo commento!!!:grin:


Consuelo


Team ItalianPod101.com

Francesa
Tuesday at 01:17 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Love your lessons! I've been studying for many years, but I need to listen and speak. Thank you very much...

Consuelo
Tuesday at 05:12 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao a tutti!!

Thank you so much for your comments!

We're very happy you're enjoying our website!!

Please continue following us and comment, comment, comment!!!

:mrgreen:


Grazie mille,

Consuelo

Julien
Thursday at 06:04 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Good afternoon. I'm french speaker. You're post interset me a lot. I think french are according with that. Sorry for languge errors ;-)