Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Cinzia: Ciao a tutti.
Marco: Marco here. Lower intermediate series, season 1, lesson 25. Spaghetti, Tortellini… Which Italian Food Will Prove the Most Delicious? Hi, my name is Marco and I am joined here by Cinzia. In this lesson, you will learn about the comparativo di maggioranza, Comparative of Majority.
Cinzia: This conversation takes place in a grocery store.
Marco: The conversation is between Giulia and Manuel.
Cinzia: And the speakers are friends. Therefore they will be speaking informal Italian.
Marco: Attention listeners! Comment
Cinzia: And comment
Marco: And comment some more.
Cinzia: It’s easy.
Marco: And asking questions really helps improve progress. Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Manuel: Compro questi spaghetti?
Giulia: No, quelli sono in offerta speciale.
Manuel: E questi tortellini?
Giulia: No, prendi questi che sono più economici.
Manuel: Cosa pensi di questo sugo pronto?
Giulia: Il sugo fatto in casa è più saporito!
Manuel: Lo so, ma non ho sempre tempo per preparare il sugo.
Giulia: Allora prendi quello che è più saporito.
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Manuel: Compro questi spaghetti?
Giulia: No, quelli sono in offerta speciale.
Manuel: E questi tortellini?
Giulia: No, prendi questi che sono più economici.
Manuel: Cosa pensi di questo sugo pronto?
Giulia: Il sugo fatto in casa è più saporito!
Manuel: Lo so, ma non ho sempre tempo per preparare il sugo.
Giulia: Allora prendi quello che è più saporito.
Marco: And now, with the translation.
Manuel: Compro questi spaghetti?
Manuel: Shall I buy these spaghetti?
Giulia: No, quelli sono in offerta speciale.
Giulia: No, those ones are on special offer.
Manuel: E questi tortellini?
Manuel: What about these tortellini?
Giulia: No, prendi questi che sono più economici.
Giulia: No, grab these ones that are cheaper.
Manuel: Cosa pensi di questo sugo pronto?
Manuel: What do you think about this ready-made sauce?
Giulia: Il sugo fatto in casa è più saporito!
Giulia: Homemade sauce is better!
Manuel: Lo so, ma non ho sempre tempo per preparare il sugo.
Manuel: I know, but I don't always have time to prepare the sauce.
Giulia: Allora prendi quello che è più saporito.
Giulia: Then take that one that is tastier.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Cinzia: Oh Marco, we have to point out that the Italian word economico does not have such a negative meaning as cheap sometimes has.
Marco: Very true. If in Italian I say è economico, it’s cheap, I am just stating a fact regarding a price.
Cinzia: Yes we can’t say lui è economico, he is cheap, as it doesn’t mean anything in Italian.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word is
Cinzia: Spaghetti.
Marco: Spaghetti.
Cinzia: Spaghetti. Spaghetti.
Marco: And next we have an expression.
Cinzia: In offerta speciale.
Marco: On special offer, on sale.
Cinzia: In offerta speciale. In offerta speciale.
Marco: Next word is
Cinzia: Tortellini.
Marco: Tortellini.
Cinzia: Tortellini. Tortellini.
Marco: And the next word is
Cinzia: Economico.
Marco: Cheap, economic.
Cinzia: Economico. Economico.
Marco: The next word is
Cinzia: Saporito.
Marco: Good, tasty, savory.
Cinzia: Saporito. Saporito.
Marco: And today’s last word is
Cinzia: Tempo.
Marco: Time, weather, tense
Cinzia: Tempo. Tempo.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Cinzia: The first word we will look at is spaghetti.
Marco: And the sample sentence is
Cinzia: Mi piacciono gli spaghetti al ragù.
Marco: I like meat sauce spaghetti.
Cinzia: Next we have an expression in offerta speciale.
Marco: And the sample sentence is
Cinzia: Ho preso questo panettone in offerta speciale.
Marco: I got this panettone on special offer.
Cinzia: The next word we will look at is Tortellini.
Marco: And the sample sentence is
Cinzia: A pranzo, mangio i tortellini ai quattro formaggi.
Marco: For lunch, I will eat Four Cheese Tortellini.
Cinzia: The next word is economico.
Marco: And the sample sentence is
Cinzia: Questo supermercato è molto economico.
Marco: This supermarket is very cheap.
Cinzia: And the next word we will look at is saporito.
Marco: And the sample sentence is
Cinzia: è molto saporito.
Marco: It’s very tasty.
Cinzia: And today’s last word is tempo.
Marco: So the final sample sentence is
Cinzia: Scusami, non ho tempo per aiutarti.
Marco: Sorry, I have no time to help you.

Lesson focus

Marco: Let’s take a look at today’s grammar point. As in English, in Italian, there are three different comparative grades.
Cinzia: The first one is the comparativo di maggioranza.
Marco: Comparative of majority in which X is greater than Y.
Cinzia: The second one is comparativo di minoranza.
Marco: Comparative of minority in which X is lesser than Y.
Cinzia: The third one is comparativo di uguaglianza.
Marco: Comparative of equality, X is equal to Y. The comparative forms are used to compare two different situations, people, inanimate objects, traits etcetera.
Cinzia: In other words, they compare either a single trait between two nouns or two or more characteristics of a single noun.
Marco: The comparative grade concerns both adjectives and adverbs. For example
Cinzia: Antonio è più fortunato di Valeria.
Marco: Antonio is luckier than Valeria. Fortunato is an adjective.
Cinzia: Io cammino meno velocemente di te.
Marco: I walk less fast than you. Velocemente is an adverb.
Cinzia: The comparativo di maggioranza is realized by inserting the adverb Più
Marco: More
Cinzia: Before the adjective or adverb and the preposition Di right after it, thus obeying the following syntax.
Marco: First comparison term, verb, Più, adjective or adverb, Di or Che + second comparison term.
Cinzia: The usage of Che instead of Di will be discussed in the next lesson.
Marco: Please note that only the number and gender of adjectives have to agree with the first comparison term or terms that they refer to. For example
Cinzia: Annalisa e Maria sono più furbe di Gianluca e Marco.
Marco: Annalisa and Maria are cleverer than Gianluca and Marco. Furbe is an adjective, feminine plural.
Cinzia: I bambini hanno mangiato più lentamente degli adulti.
Marco: Kids ate slower than adults. Lentamente is an adverb.
Cinzia: And let’s not forget that the preposition Di may be combined with the definite article preceding the second comparison term, thus forming a compound preposition.
Marco: For example
Cinzia: Il mare è più azzurro del cielo.
Marco: The sea is bluer than the sky. Del is Di + IL.

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Cinzia: Are you ready to test what you just learned?
Marco: Make this lesson’s vocabulary stick by using lexical specific flashcards in the learning center.
Cinzia: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards.
Marco: They work.
Cinzia: They really do help memorization.
Marco: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at
Cinzia: italianpod101.com
Marco: Ok, ciao.
Cinzia: Ciao e grazie.

3 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:10 PM
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Hi Edmar,


Good sentences with the comparatives. Well done!

Just notice that'la Trinidad' is feminine therefore the adjective becomes altA, not altO.

A presto

Chiara

Team ItalianPod101.com

Edmar
Tuesday at 10:56 AM
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Apo e' piu' alto di Arayat. Apo is taller than Arayat.

La Trinidad e' meno freddo di Baguio. La Trinidad is less cool than Baguio.