Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Cinzia: Hello everyone! I'm Cinzia, and welcome to ItalianPOD101.
Marco: With us, you'll learn to speak Italian with fun and effective lessons.
Cinzia: We also provide you with cultural insights
Marco: and tips you won't find in a textbook...
Marco: In this lesson we will continue studying about Italian masculine nouns ending in -a
Cinzia: This conversation takes place at a wedding party
Marco: And it's between Elena and Anna
Cinzia: They are friends, therefore they will be speaking informally
Marco: Basic and Premium members....
Cinzia: if you have a 3G phone...
Marco: you can see the Lesson Notes in your favorite browser on your phone!
Cinzia: Stop by ItalianPOD101.com to find out more.
Marco: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Elena: Che lavoro fa il marito di Jennifer?
Anna: Fa il giornalista.
Elena: E la madre di Jennifer?
Anna: Anche lei fa la giornalista.
Elena: E il padre?
Anna: Se ho capito bene è un dentista.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Elena: Che lavoro fa il marito di Jennifer?
Anna: Fa il giornalista.
Elena: E la madre di Jennifer?
Anna: Anche lei fa la giornalista.
Elena: E il padre?
Anna: Se ho capito bene è un dentista.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Elena: Che lavoro fa il marito di Jennifer?
Marco: What is Jennifer’s husband’s job?
Anna: Fa il giornalista.
Marco: He is a journalist.
Elena: E la madre di Jennifer?
Marco: And Jennifer’s mother?
Anna: Anche lei fa la giornalista.
Marco: She’s also a journalist.
Elena: E il padre?
Marco: And the father?
Anna: Se ho capito bene è un dentista.
Marco: If I’ve understood correctly, he’s a dentist.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Cinzia: How many times a year do you go to the dentist?
Marco: Me? Once, if I remember.
Cinzia: That is very bad! You should go more often.
Marco: I just hate the reclining chair. I feel I’m not going to get up again! Ho paura!
Cinzia: Hai paura? You are scared? At your age? Hopeless.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Cinzia: marito [natural native speed]
Marco: husband
Cinzia: marito [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: marito [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: giornalista [natural native speed]
Marco: journalist, reporter
Cinzia: giornalista [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: giornalista [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: madre [natural native speed]
Marco: mother
Cinzia: madre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: madre [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: padre [natural native speed]
Marco: father
Cinzia: padre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: padre [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: capire [natural native speed]
Marco: to understand, comprehend, see, figure out
Cinzia: capire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: capire [natural native speed]
: Next:
Cinzia: dentista [natural native speed]
Marco: dentist
Cinzia: dentista [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Cinzia: dentista [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Cinzia: The first word we will look at is
marito
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Suo marito ha trentadue anni.
Marco: “Her husband is thirty-two years old.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
giornalista
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Da grande voglio fare il giornalista.
Marco: “When I grow up, I want to be a journalist.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
madre
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Tua madre cucina molto bene.
Marco: “Your mother cooks very well.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
padre
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Il padre di Giacomo è un astronauta.
Marco: “Giacomo's father is an astronaut.”
Cinzia: The next word/expression we will look at is
capire
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Non hai capito nulla.
Marco: “You haven’t understood anything.”
Cinzia: Today's last word/expression is
dentista
Marco: And the sample sentence is?
Cinzia: Ieri sono andato dal dentista.
Marco: “Yesterday, I went to the dentist.”

Lesson focus

Marco: In today's class, we will continue our analysis of Italian masculine nouns ending with -a.
Cinzia: The third category includes names that take a specific gender only when they refer to a specific person.
Marco: This group includes nouns whose gender is masculine when they refer to males, and feminine when they refer to females. For instance
Cinzia: La giornalista è alta e carina.
Marco: "The journalist is tall and nice-looking." giornalista in this case is feminine
Cinzia: Il giornalista italiano ha lavorato in America.
Marco: "The Italian journalist worked in the US." in this case giornalista is masculine
Cinzia: La paracadutista è atterrata senza problemi.
Marco: "The parachutist landed safely."
Cinzia: Il paracadutista è salito sull'aereo.
Marco: "The parachutist got on the plane."
Marco: As you can see from the examples above, unless we previously know the gender of the person we are talking about, we can infer this only by the elements attached to the noun.
Cinzia: These elements, such as articles and the ending vowel of adjectives and past participles Marco
Cinzia: change according to the noun's gender.
Marco: Keep in mind that in Italian we use masculine gender also when referring to mixed groups.
Cinzia: Also note that the majority of these nouns end with the suffix -ista.
Marco: The following list presents the most commonly used nouns belonging to this category.
Cinzia: I will give you the Italian singular form
While I will give you the English singular one
Cinzia: acrobata
Marco: "acrobat"
Cinzia: apprendista
Marco: "apprentice"
Cinzia: artista
Marco: "artist"
Cinzia: astronauta
Marco: "astronaut"
Cinzia: autista
Marco: "driver"
Cinzia: camionista
Marco: "truck driver"
Cinzia: carrista
Marco: "tank driver"
Cinzia: comunista
Marco: "communist"
Cinzia: dentista
Marco: "dentist"
Cinzia: despota
Marco: "despot"
Cinzia: economista
Marco: "economist"
Cinzia: elettricista
Marco: "electrician"
Cinzia: estremista
Marco: "extremist"
Cinzia: giornalista
Marco: "journalist"
Cinzia: ipocrita
Marco: "hypocrite"
Cinzia: macchinista
Marco: "machinist; engineer"
Cinzia: modellista
Marco: "model maker"
Cinzia: omicida
Marco: "person who committed a homicide"
Cinzia: paracadutista
Marco: "parachutist"
Cinzia: stratega
Marco: "strategist"
Cinzia: suicida
Marco: "person that committed suicide"
Cinzia: terrorista
Marco: "terrorist"
Cinzia: violinista
Marco: "violin player"

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Marco: Testing yourself is one of the most effective ways to learn.
Cinzia: That's why we have 3 types of quizzes.
Marco: Vocabulary, grammar, and content specific.
Cinzia: Each quiz targets specific skill...
Marco: And together these quizzes will help you
master several fundamental skills. :
Cinzia: You can find them in the learning center at
Marco: ItalianPod101.com
Marco: Arrivederci!
Cinzia: A presto!

6 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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I have just upgraded from the basic to premium membership. What a fantastic improvement!! I love all of the additional features which I know are really going to help me to improve quickly. Grazie a tutti!

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:49 AM
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Hi Angela,

thanks for your questions.


When they are plural, those words take the regular masculine or feminine ending (-i or -e)

il dentista -> i dentisti

la dentista -> le dentiste


il giornalista -> i giornalisti

la giornalista -> le giornaliste


As for "il mio amato marito": normally you wouldn't need the article before "mio" when talking about family members (mio marito, mio padre, mio fratello, mio cugino, mia suocera, mia zia...).

But you need to use the article when:

- the name is plural (i miei zii, le mie cugine, i miei genitori, i miei nonni)

- you add adjectives or information about the person (mia cugina VS la mia cugina americana; mio fratello VS il mio fratello maggiore; mio marito VS il mio amato marito)


I hope this helps!


Valentina

Team ItalianPod101.com

Angela
Friday at 09:39 AM
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Why the 'il' in this vocabulary example ? : "Il mio amato marito sta cucinando per me."



Grazie in avanzo per la sua risposta.

Angela
Friday at 07:28 AM
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These masculine nouns ending 'a' which refer to persons, how do you make their plural?

Lui : Il dentista (plural, i dentisti)

Lei : La dentista (plural, le dentisti or le dentiste) ?


Rispondami per favore. Grazie.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:44 PM
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Ciao Luca,


Haha, but you have a very good level in Italian, that's why!


Grazie per il tuo commento!

A presto!


Mélanie

Team ItalianPod101.com

Luca Deon
Thursday at 03:38 AM
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Ho trovato questa lezione facile! :smile: