Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Marco: Hello, and welcome back to the ItalianPOD101.com , the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Italian! I'm joined in the studio by...
Consuelo: Hello everyone. Consuelo here.
Marco: In this lesson, we continue studying the usage of passato remoto and passato prossimo tenses.
Consuelo: This conversation takes place at a travel agency.
Marco: The conversation is between Carlo, Anna, and the travel agent.
Consuelo: The speakers are friends; therefore, they speak informally, but when Carlo speaks to the travel agent, he becomes formal.
Consuelo: Listeners...I have a question...
Marco: A question?
Consuelo: Yep, I want to know when was the last time you commented?
Marco: Ahh, yes! Great question.
Consuelo: Stop by ItalianPOD101.com, leave us a comment or just say hi.
Marco: haha...okay, you heard Consuelo.
Marco: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Anna: Ehi Carlo, anche tu in partenza?
Carlo: Oh ciao Anna, sì, cerco una meta per le ferie. Qualche consiglio?
Anna: Io l'anno scorso sono andata in Egitto. Ho fatto tante escursioni, il mare poi è stupendo!
Agente di Viaggio: Scusi, ecco a lei il catalogo per il Mar Rosso. Le interessa?
Carlo: Oh grazie. Volevo andarci tre anni fa, ma la mia ragazza decise per la Tailandia...
Agente di Viaggio: Capisco, ma quest'anno ci sono un sacco di offerte.
Anna: Io adesso devo andare, ieri ho sentito tua sorella. Domani andiamo insieme a una mostra fotografica, vieni anche tu vero?
Carlo: Volentieri, allora a domani, ciao!
Anna: Ciao!
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Anna: Ehi Carlo, anche tu in partenza?
Carlo: Oh ciao Anna, sì, cerco una meta per le ferie. Qualche consiglio?
Anna: Io l'anno scorso sono andata in Egitto. Ho fatto tante escursioni, il mare poi è stupendo!
Agente di Viaggio: Scusi, ecco a lei il catalogo per il Mar Rosso. Le interessa?
Carlo: Oh grazie. Volevo andarci tre anni fa, ma la mia ragazza decise per la Tailandia...
Agente di Viaggio: Capisco, ma quest'anno ci sono un sacco di offerte.
Anna: Io adesso devo andare, ieri ho sentito tua sorella. Domani andiamo insieme a una mostra fotografica, vieni anche tu vero?
Carlo: Volentieri, allora a domani, ciao!
Anna: Ciao!
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Anna: Ehi Carlo, anche tu in partenza?
Marco: Hey, Carlo, are you leaving, too?
Carlo: Oh ciao Anna, sì, cerco una meta per le ferie. Qualche consiglio?
Marco: Oh, hi, Anna. Yes, I'm looking for a destination for my vacation. Any advice?
Anna: Io l'anno scorso sono andata in Egitto. Ho fatto tante escursioni, il mare poi è stupendo!
Marco: Last year, I went to Egypt. I made a lot of day trips, and the sea is amazing!
Agente di Viaggio: Scusi, ecco a lei il catalogo per il Mar Rosso. Le interessa?
Marco: Excuse me. Here is the catalogue for the Red Sea. Are you interested?
Carlo: Oh grazie. Volevo andarci tre anni fa, ma la mia ragazza decise per la Tailandia...
Marco: Oh, thank you. I wanted to go there three years ago, but my girlfriend decided on Thailand…
Agente di Viaggio: Capisco, ma quest'anno ci sono un sacco di offerte.
Marco: I see. But this year there are many special offers.
Anna: Io adesso devo andare, ieri ho sentito tua sorella. Domani andiamo insieme a una mostra fotografica, vieni anche tu vero?
Marco: I have to go now; yesterday, I spoke with your sister. Tomorrow, we're going together to a photographic exhibition; you are coming, right?
Carlo: Volentieri, allora a domani, ciao!
Marco: Sure, see you tomorrow, bye!
Anna: Ciao!
Marco: Bye!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: Consuelo, tell me, do Italians prefer the seaside for their vacations?
Consuelo: Mmm, I think Italians prefer going to the beach to tan and relax during summer, but on winter holidays, they go to the mountains.
Marco: Because in Italy there are many mountains, right?
Consuelo: Yes, there are. We also have a lot of beautiful beaches, but in summertime, about fifty percent of people on vacation tend to go abroad.
Marco: For example? Which are the favorite destinations?
Consuelo: The Mediterranean Sea offers a vast variety of cheap and beautiful places, such as Greece, Egypt, Spain…
Marco: And what about more exotic resorts?
Consuelo: You know, Marco, many Italians associate exotic places with romantic honeymoons. But in every travel agency, you can find a picture with a beautiful lady lying on a white sand beach drinking a cocktail.
Marco: I see…that's what attracts Italians…
Consuelo: Sure, but that's not the kind of trip you can do every year, it's rather far from Italy!
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Consuelo: meta [natural native speed]
Marco: destination, aim, goal
Consuelo: meta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo: meta [natural native speed]
: Next:
Consuelo: ferie [natural native speed]
Marco: vacation, holidays
Consuelo: ferie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo: ferie [natural native speed]
: Next:
Consuelo: escursione [natural native speed]
Marco: excursion, hike, journey, trip, day trip
Consuelo: escursione [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo: escursione [natural native speed]
: Next:
Consuelo: stupendo [natural native speed]
Marco: wonderful, amazing, marvelous
Consuelo: stupendo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo: stupendo [natural native speed]
: Next:
Consuelo: fotografico [natural native speed]
Marco: photographic
Consuelo: fotografico [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo: fotografico [natural native speed]
: Next:
Consuelo: volentieri [natural native speed]
Marco: willingly, gladly, sure, with pleasure
Consuelo: volentieri [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo: volentieri [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Marco: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Marco: Consuelo, which expression are we studying today?
Consuelo: That's the Italian expression "un sacco di…"
Marco: "a lot of," "many."
Consuelo: Literally, it means "a sack of," but it is usually used in current Italian if we want to express a big quantity of something.
Marco: That's interesting. So if I want to say, "I have a lot of things to do," how should I say it?
Consuelo: "Ho un sacco di cose da fare." And if you want to say "there are a lot of beautiful girls," how do you say that?
Marco: "Ci sono un sacco di belle ragazze."
Consuelo: Perfect!
Marco: Thank you, Consuelo; this can be useful.

Lesson focus

Consuelo: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.
Marco: Today, we'll continue focusing on the usage of the "passato remoto" and the "passato prossimo" tense. We shall be considering other factors, apart from time, that can influence the choice of which tense is more appropriate for the context we are speaking in. And finally, we will see the "passato remoto" of third conjugation regular verbs.
Consuelo: When deciding whether to choose the "passato prossimo" or the "passato remoto" tense, there are certain factors that need to be taken into account…
Marco: …apart from the time occurred between the utterance of the sentence and the event(s) it conveys.
Consuelo: The "passato prossimo" tense is considered to belong to a standard level of formality in Italian and it is often associated with the spoken language.
Marco: On the other hand, we tend to use the "passato remoto" tense more often in the written language, unless we wish to adopt a highly formal variety of spoken Italian language.
Consuelo: This is the case when we have to deliver speeches in formal working or studying environments, such as universities, businesses, etc.
Marco: For instance…
Consuelo: "Ciao Marco, sai che l'anno scorso sono andato ("passato prossimo") a Londra?" This is standard spoken Italian.
Marco: "Hi Marco, do you know last year I went to London?"
Consuelo: "Buona giornata. Desidero iniziare il mio rapporto evidenziando ciò che il mio predecessore decise ("passato remoto") sei mesi fa." This is with a highly formal spoken Italian, a speech at a business.
Marco: "Good day. I wish to begin my report underlining what my predecessor decided six months ago."
Consuelo: "Desidero iniziare la mia presentazione ricordando quali furono ("passato remoto") le battaglie più importanti combattute dai greci nel quarto secolo A.C."
Here, we are using a highly formal spoken Italian; it is a presentation at the university.
Marco: "I wish to start my presentation recalling what were the major battles fought by the Greeks in the fourth century B.C."
And now, let's see the "passato remoto" tense of the third conjugation of the regular verb "dormire" ("to sleep").
Consuelo: "Io dormii"
Marco: "I slept"
Consuelo: "Tu dormisti"
Marco: "you slept"
Consuelo: "Lui/lei dormì"
Marco: "he/she/it slept"
Consuelo: "Noi dormimmo"
Marco: "we slept"
Consuelo: "Voi dormiste"
Marco: "you slept"
Consuelo: "Loro dormirono"
Marco: "they slept"

Outro

Marco: That just about does it for today.
Consuelo: Ready to test what you just learned?
Marco: Make this lesson's vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flashcards in the learning center.
Consuelo: There is a reason everyone uses flashcards...
Marco: They work...
Consuelo: They really do help memorization.
Marco: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at
Consuelo: ItalianPod101.com.
Marco: Okay....
Marco: A presto!
Consuelo: Ciao!

7 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi guys, Thanks for sharing the language. Good to know. Hope to visit Italy soon. Greetings from Aruba. Bye

Lene
Friday at 10:50 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao Ofelia


I can see it now.

Thank you


Lene

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 07:34 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao Lene!


In the notes you can find "dormire" in the passato remoto conjunction.

Do you mean another verb? Please let us know. :smile:


Thank you

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Lene
Tuesday at 03:26 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

The conjunction in passato remoto is missing in the new notes.

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:59 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Brian,

Introducing the subject pronoun to avoid confusion is possible. It is always good to make communication clear for all the speakers. However I think that the context is a major factor in understanding the conversation between two or more speakers. In a normal/ natural conversation the context will give meaning to the single verb more than any subject pronoun can do.

A presto,

Chiara

Team ItalianPod101.com

Consuelo
Tuesday at 11:44 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ciao J.J.,

"passato remoto" of the verb "essere" should be one of the arguments of next series.

It is conjugated as follows:

Io fui

Tu fosti

Lui/Lei fu

Noi fummo

Voi foste

Loro furono


Grazie per il commento,

ciao ciao!!

Consuelo:mrgreen:

J.J.
Friday at 01:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello,


Need help with the correct answer: "Vorrei ricordare a tutti i presenti che fu il presidente precedente ad iniziare questa Guerra."


Where can I find the conjugation that includes "fu" as it doesn't seem to be in these lesson notes?


Thank you.