Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Consuelo: Ciao
Marco: Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 8: How Much Does that Italian Accessory Cost? Hello and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Season 1 at ItalianPod101.com where we study modern Italian in a fun educational format.
Consuelo: So, brush up all the Italian that you started learning long ago or start learning today.
Marco: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Consuelo, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Consuelo: In today’s class, we will focus on asking the price of goods and the conjugation of the present indicative of verbs ending in –are.
Marco: This conversation takes place in a shop.
Consuelo: The conversation is between Melissa and the clerk.
Marco: The speakers are not friends, therefore, they will be speaking formally. Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Melissa: Mi scusi, quanto costa questa cintura?
Commesso: Costa venticinque euro.
Melissa: E quanto costano questi occhiali da sole? Sono così carini!
Commesso: Gli occhiali costano centoventi euro.
Melissa: Ah, la ringrazio. Compro solo la cintura.
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Melissa: Mi scusi, quanto costa questa cintura?
Commesso: Costa venticinque euro.
Melissa: E quanto costano questi occhiali da sole? Sono così carini!
Commesso: Gli occhiali costano centoventi euro.
Melissa: Ah, la ringrazio. Compro solo la cintura.
Marco: And now with the translation.
Melissa Mi scusi, quanto costa questa cintura?
Marco Excuse me, how much does this belt cost?
Commesso Costa venticinque euro.
Marco It costs twenty-five euros.
Melissa E quanto costano questi occhiali da sole? Sono così carini!
Marco And how much do these sunglasses cost? They're so cute!
Commesso Gli occhiali costano centoventi euro.
Marco The sunglasses cost one hundred and twenty euros.
Melissa Ah, la ringrazio. Compro solo la cintura.
Marco Ah, thank you. I'll buy only the belt.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Consuelo: Hey, Marco, did you know that in Italy prices of goods must be always displayed?
Marco: Oh, really?
Consuelo: Yes, there is a law that obliges shops' owners to display the price of every type of good to protect the consumers. But you know, not all of them actually do it.
Marco: Ah, I see. That's why Melissa asked the price…?
Consuelo: Yes, but sometimes it's better to ask even when prices are displayed…
Marco: Why?
Consuelo: Because there can be a mistake on the tag or a special offer that is not written.
Marco: Ah interesting, this can help our listeners while they're doing shopping in Italy.
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is…
Consuelo costare [natural native speed]
Marco to cost
Consuelo costare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo costare [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo questa [natural native speed]
Marco this (feminine singular)
Consuelo questa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo questa [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo cintura [natural native speed]
Marco belt
Consuelo cintura [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo cintura [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo occhiali da sole [natural native speed]
Marco sunglasses
Consuelo occhiali da sole [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo occhiali da sole [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo comprare [natural native speed]
Marco to buy, to purchase
Consuelo comprare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo comprare [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo solo [natural native speed]
Marco only
Consuelo solo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo solo [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Marco: Consuelo, what word are we studying today?
Consuelo: That's the Italian word "solo."
Marco: "Solo" has actually two meanings. First it can be an adverb, meaning "only."
Consuelo: In that case, we can also use the word "soltanto," which has the same meaning. For example, "Compro solo una mela" or "compro soltanto una mela."
Marco: "I buy only an apple."
Consuelo: The other meaning of "solo" is "lonely" or "alone" with the function of an adjective.
Marco: So if I want to say "I feel lonely," I can use "solo," right?
Consuelo: Yes, you should say "mi sento solo." "Ti senti solo Marco?" meaning "Do you feel lonely, Marco?"
Marco: Oh no, no. "Non mi sento solo," meaning "I don't feel lonely!"

Lesson focus

Consuelo: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.
Marco: The focus of this lesson is on asking the price of goods and the present indicative of verbs whose infinitive ends in "–are."
Consuelo: The verb "costare," meaning "to cost," works in Italian exactly like its English equivalent.
Marco: To conjugate the verb at the "presente indicativo" tense, first take the infinitive. For example, "comprare"…
Consuelo: And drop the ending "–are." In this case, we are left with "compr-."
Marco: Take "compr" and finally add the appropriate endings. These are different for each person…"-io" takes the "-o," "tu" takes the "-i," "lui/lei" takes "-a,","noi" takes "-iamo," "voi" takes "-ate," and "loro" takes "-ano."
Marco: And now let's see the conjugation at the present indicative of the verb "comprare," meaning "to buy."
Consuelo: "Io compro"
Marco: "I buy"
Consuelo: "tu compri"
Marco: "you buy"
Consuelo: "lui/Lei compra"
Marco: "he/she/it buys"
Consuelo: "noi compriamo"
Marco: "we buy"
Consuelo: "voi comprate"
Marco: "you buy"
Consuelo: "loro comprano"
Marco: "they buy"
Consuelo: Other "-are" verbs conjugated like "comprare" are "abitare"
Marco: "to live,"
Consuelo: "amare"
Marco: "to love,"
Consuelo: "arrivare"
Marco: "to arrive,"
Consuelo: "ascoltare"
Marco: "to listen to,"
Consuelo: "ballare"
Marco: "to dance,"
Consuelo: "cantare"
Marco: "to sing," and so on.
Consuelo: An important element of verbs is their stress.
Marco: As we've already seen in the singular forms and the third person plural, the stress is on the vowel of the verb's stem.
Consuelo: While the stress of the first and second person plural is on the theme vowel (in this case, "-a-"), which is simply the second to last vowel, just as it is in the infinitive.
Consuelo: That's why we say "compriàmo" instead of "còmpriamo."
Marco: That’s just about does it today.
Consuelo: Ready to test what you just learned?
Marco: Make this lesson’s vocabulary stick by using lesson specific flash cards in the learning center.
Consuelo: There is a reason everyone uses flash cards
Marco: They work.
Consuelo: They really do help the memorization.
Marco: You can get the flash cards for this lesson at…
Consuelo: ItalianPod101.com.
Marco: Okay.

21 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:01 AM
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Hi everyone,


@eliahu dallal Prego! :smile:


@John, "Ti ringrazio" or "La ringrazio" is a more emphasized way to say "thank you" in Italian.


A presto!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

John
Thursday at 05:47 PM
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:smile:

but why use 'ringrazio', instaed of plain 'grazio'?

eliahu dallal
Monday at 04:37 PM
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i orgot to thank you Ofelia :smile: so: “La ringrazio”!!!

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:57 PM
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Hi eliahu dallal,


"La ringrazio" is the polite version of "Ti ringranzio" (=ringrazio te), which means "I thank you".

"La ringrazio" corresponds to "ringrazio Lei", which means "I thank Her". In the formal/polite Italian you have to use the third person singular (Lei), instead of the second singular (Tu), though you are speaking directly to the person.


I hope this can help,

Thank you!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

eliahu dallal
Sunday at 05:33 PM
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can you teach me what is the roots of "la ringrazio", can you break it for me? mile grazie:-)

Team ItalianPod.com
Wednesday at 02:26 PM
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Hi Karina,

of course you are going to make mistakes. It 's the best (and only) way to learn a language. And please keep working on your Italian with lessons, songs, new vocabulary and anything that you find interesting.


have fun learning Italian!

Chiara

Team ItalianPod101.com

Karina
Monday at 02:34 PM
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Grazie, Chiara!


Che interesante! It's interesting that words like "come" and "perchè" can be used as a question, and also in the other meaning, as an answer... ("How"/"Like"; "Why"/"Because")


--


Eventually I'll get it, but for now I'm bound to keep making some mistakes... I'm almost trying to get ahead of myself, express things I don't have the vocabulary or grammar for :wink: But I surprised myself today; listening to a song in Italian, I understood two phrases in it (not looking at lyrics)!


"Non costa niente" - "It doesn't cost anything" and

"Voglio vivere così" - "I want to live this way".

Team ItalianPod.com
Tuesday at 12:36 PM
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Hi Karina,

you did well :)!

Just a couple of things to fix:

- Canto IN chiesa

- Loro abitano IN Europa, IN Australia, IN Africa e NEGLI altri continenti.


the last sentense in Italian is quite complex as it needs conjunctive tense.

- Mi piace ballare come se nessuno mi guardasse.


A presto

Chiara

Team Italianpod101.com

Karina
Sunday at 03:23 PM
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Mi piace ballare così non guarda nesunno.

I like to dance like no one is watching.

Karina
Sunday at 03:11 PM
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I forgot to include translations:


I sing at church. We listen to ItalianPod101.


Where do you live? (polite/formal)


They live in Europe, Australia, Africa and other continents.


When do you arrive to Italy? (informal) In September.