Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Consuelo: Ciao
Marco: Marco here. Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 19 – Haven’t You Done Enough Italian Work Today?
Consuelo: Hello, everyone. I’m Consuelo and welcome to ItalianPod101.com.
Marco: With us, you learn to speak Italian with fun and effective lessons.
Consuelo: We also provide you with cultural insights.
Marco: And tips you won’t find in a textbook. In today’s class, we will focus on the passato prossimo tense, present perfect, of third conjugation -ire verbs.
Consuelo: This conversation takes place at Alessio and Melissa workplace.
Marco: It’s between Alessio, Ilaria, and Melissa.
Consuelo: The speakers are friends. Therefore, they will be speaking informally.
Marco: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Ilaria: Oggi è venerdì.
Melissa: Scrivo questa e-mail e ho finito.
(Alessio entra nella stanza.)
Alessio: Ragazze, dopo il lavoro andiamo a bere un aperitivo, venite?
Ilaria: Va bene, offri tu?
Alessio: Volentieri!
Melissa: Allora vengo anche io!
Marco: Let’s hear it slowly now.
Ilaria: Oggi è venerdì.
Melissa: Scrivo questa e-mail e ho finito.
(Alessio entra nella stanza.)
Alessio: Ragazze, dopo il lavoro andiamo a bere un aperitivo, venite?
Ilaria: Va bene, offri tu?
Alessio: Volentieri!
Melissa: Allora vengo anche io!
Marco: And now with a translation.
Ilaria Oggi è venerdì.
Marco Today is Friday.
Melissa Scrivo questa e-mail e ho finito.
Marco I write this e-mail and I've finished.
(Alessio entra nella stanza.)
Marco(Alessio enters the room.)
Alessio Ragazze, dopo il lavoro andiamo a bere un aperitivo, venite?
Marco Girls, we're going to drink an aperitif after work, are you coming?
Ilaria Va bene, offri tu?
Marco All right, is it your treat?
Alessio Volentieri!
Marco With pleasure!
Melissa Allora vengo anche io!
Marco In that case, I'm coming too!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Marco: Consuelo, "aperitivo" is the Italian happy hour, right?
Consuelo: Yes, that's just another of our traditions…
Marco: Another occasion to enjoy food and drinks!
Consuelo: Yes, it's very popular nowadays. When drinking "aperitivo," Italians chat at the bar with friends or colleagues while enjoying a cocktail or eating chips…
Marco: What drink do you suggest?
Consuelo: I heartily recommend the so-called "spritz."
Marco: Ah, it's famous!
Consuelo: Spritz is a mix of Aperol or Campari blended with Prosecco or Spumante.
Marco: Sounds good.
Consuelo: It comes from the region of Veneto, but it became a national phenomenon in the last few years.
Marco: Thank you for your advice, Consuelo!
VOCAB LIST
Marco: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is…
Consuelo venerdì [natural native speed]
Marco Friday
Consuelo venerdì [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo venerdì [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo dopo [natural native speed]
Marco after, afterwards, later
Consuelo dopo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo dopo [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo bere [natural native speed]
Marco to drink
Consuelo bere [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo bere [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo aperitivo [natural native speed]
Marco aperitif
Consuelo aperitivo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo aperitivo [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo offrire [natural native speed]
Marco to offer, to pay
Consuelo offrire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo offrire [natural native speed]
Next:
Consuelo volentieri [natural native speed]
Marco willingly, gladly, sure, with pleasure
Consuelo volentieri [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Consuelo volentieri [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Marco: Consuelo, what words are we studying today?
Consuelo: The Italian "giorni della settimana."
Marco: "Weekdays."
Consuelo: Yes, Marco "giorni" is the plural form of "giorno."
Marco: "Day."
Consuelo: …and "settimana" means…
Marco: "Week."
Consuelo: Okay, let's start from…
Marco: Thursday!
Consuelo: No, hey, come on. Let's start in the conventional way, from Monday…
Marco: Ah ah, as you prefer! Go ahead!
Consuelo: "Lunedì."
Marco: "Monday."
Consuelo: "Martedì."
Marco: "Tuesday."
Consuelo: "Mercoledì."
Marco: "Wednesday."
Consuelo: "Giovedì."
Marco: "Thursday."
Consuelo: "Venerdì."
Marco: "Friday."
Consuelo: "Sabato."
Marco: "Saturday."
Consuelo: "Domenica."
Marco: "Sunday."
Consuelo: I have a question for our listeners. "Che giorno è oggi?"
Marco: "What day is today?"

Lesson focus

Consuelo: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.
Marco: In today's lesson, we focus on the "passato prossimo" tense, present perfect, of the third conjugation "-ire" verbs.
Consuelo: The "passato prossimo" is used for actions or events that were completed in the past.
Marco: In previous lessons, we explained how to form it.
Consuelo: Okay, Marco, it's never enough, let's say it again!
Marco: Sure. Take the present indicative of the auxiliary verbs "essere" or "avere"…
Consuelo: and add the past participle of the main verb.
Marco: It is better to look the verb up in a dictionary to find its past participle and which auxiliary verb we need to use.
Consuelo: Please remember that when "avere" is the auxiliary verb, the past participle always ends in "-o" regardless of the subject of the verb.
Marco: On the other hand, the past participle of verbs requiring "essere" changes the ending according to the gender and number of the subject. It simply behaves like an adjective.
Consuelo: Let's see some examples with "-ire" verbs conjugated at the first singular person "io"…
Marco: Good idea!
Consuelo: "Io sono partito/a."
Marco: "I have left" or "I left."
Consuelo: "Io sono salito/-a."
Marco: "I have got on" or "I got on."
Consuelo: "Io sono venuto/a."
Marco: "I have come" or "I came." Let's continue with those "-ire" verbs that need the auxiliary "avere."
Consuelo: "Io ho capito."
Marco: "I have understood" or "I understood."
Consuelo: "Io ho dormito."
Marco: "I have slept" or "I slept."
Consuelo: "Io ho aperto."
Marco: "I have opened" or "I opened."
Consuelo: In the dialogue, Melissa uses the verb "finire."
Marco: "To finish." Consuelo, let's see the full conjugation of this verb.
Consuelo: Okay, let's start with "io ho finito."
Marco: "I have finished" or "I finished."
Consuelo: "Tu hai finito."
Marco: "You have finished" or "you finished."
Consuelo: "Lui/lei ha finito."
Marco: "He/she has finished" or "he/she finished."
Consuelo: "Noi abbiamo finito."
Marco: "We have finished" or "we finished."
Consuelo: "Voi avete finito."
Marco: "You have finished" or "you finished."
Consuelo: "Loro hanno finito."
Marco: "They have finished" or "they finished."
Consuelo: So, Marco, "abbiamo finito?"
Marco: Yes, "we've finished" for today!
That’s just about does it for today. Okay, some of our listeners already know about the most powerful tool on ItalianPod101.com.
Consuelo: Line-by-line audio.
Marco: The perfect tool for rapidly improving listening comprehension.
Consuelo: By listening to lines of the conversation again and again.
Marco: Listen until every word and syllable becomes clear. Basically, we break down the dialogue into comprehensible bite size sentences.
Consuelo: You can try the Line-by-line audio in the premium learning center at ItalianPod101.com.

8 Comments

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ItalianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Did you like this lesson?

Elif
Thursday at 06:11 AM
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Can we say "Io sono venuta" and "Io sono rimasta" or it is only possible to say "venuto" and "rimasto"?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 11:55 AM
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Hi Patricia,


Yes, they are!

Keep up the good work ?


Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Patricia
Thursday at 08:43 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Is con piacere equally as correct to say as

volentieri in the same type situation?

Are they interchangeable?

Grazie

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:30 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Jeanne,


Thank you for posting!

Your name in Italian should be "Giovanna" or "Gianna".

I hope you like it! :innocent:


Ciao!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Jeanne
Friday at 11:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How do you say my name, Jeanne, in Italian?

Come si dice mi chiamo, Jeanne, in Italiano?

ItalianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:08 AM
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Ciao Lisa,


You could simply copy and paste or I recommend to install the Italian keyboard. It's usually already available, what you have to do is just to set it up. It's usually inside the keyboard settings.


I hope this helps! :innocent:


Grazie e buon studio!

Ofelia

Team ItalianPod101.com

Lisa
Thursday at 11:14 AM
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how do I add an accent to a letter in the wrinting quiz?